There are two main categories of aphasia: fluent and nonfluent. But there are multiple types within those categories. Symptoms can differ among different kinds of aphasia.
* Wernicke's aphasia is the most common kind of fluent aphasia. It can cause people to speak in long sentences that “have no meaning,” including creating words, according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.
* People with Broca’s aphasia may know what they want to communicate and understand speech, but they speak in short phrases instead. Broca’s aphasia is the most common type of nonfluent aphasia.
* Global aphasia may cause people to be very limited in speaking or comprehending speech. They may be unable to say many words or understand some communication.
If damage to the brain is mild, a person can regain their language skills without treatment, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Can you recover from aphasia?
But recovering language skills is usually a slow process, and “few people regain full pre-injury communication levels.”
Speech and language therapy can help some people recover language functions, learn other communication methods and make additional strides. Certain medications are being studied for treating aphasia.
People with aphasia may want to carry a card explaining that they have aphasia, carry a pencil and a pad of paper and look to other communication options.