UP Board Class 10 English Chapter 3 The Ganga Solutions

We have share UP Board Solutions for Class 10 English Prose Chapter 3 The Ganga with pdf. These solutions are solved by subjects experts.

UP Board Solutions for Class 10 English Prose Chapter 3 The Ganga (Jawaharlal Nehru)

Vocabulary

(a) Match the words in List ‘A’ with their nearest meaning in List ‘B’:

Answer

1.List ‘A’List ‘B’
AbundantAmple
MythFictions
HomageTribute
ToilLabour
2. InevitableUnavoidable
ConstrainConfine
RejectDiscard
EagerAnxious
Answer

Fill in the Blanks:

(b) Fill in the blanks with proper words given below :
 (1) Words: owe, gratitude, inevitably, sentiments
Answer:

  1. Try to understand the sentiments of your countrymen.
  2. You will inevitably get first division.
  3. We owe greatly devotion and love to our motherland.
  4. I can never forget your gratitude.

(2) Words: symbol, discarded, constrain, inspiration
Answer:

  1. Now the people have discarded many blind faiths.
  2. We get inspiration from our forefathers.
  3. Many old traditions constrain (UPBoardSolutions.com) the people of India.
  4. This gift is only the symbol of affection.

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(c) Use the following words and phrases in your own sentences to make their
meanings clear :

Words: disposed of, discarded, abundance, varying, gloomy
Answer:
1. He has disposed of all his old furniture.
2. scientists have discarded many old theories.
3. Pt. Nehru got love from the people of India in abundance.
4. I can’t guess anything from his varying moods.
5. Due to an accident, the atmosphere has become gloomy.

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Read the following questions and answer them in about 25 words:

Question 1.
To Nehru what was the most precious gift? who gave it to him in plenty?
What did he hope for? [2010, 11, 12]
Answer:
The love and affection of his countrymen were the most precious gift to Nehru. All classes of people gave it to him in plenty. He hopes that in the remaining years he may live, he shall not be unworthy of his people and their affection.

Question 2.
what was Nehru unable to repay to the Indian people? [2015, 17, 18]
Answer:
Nehru was unable to repay the love and affection which he received from the Indian people.

Question 3.
Can Pt. Nehru repay the love and affection of the Indian people? Why or why not?
Answer:
Pt. Nehru cannot repay the love and affection of the Indian people because he has nothing to repay so precious a thing.

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Question 4.
Did Nehru consider the Ganga a holy river? Why did he want his ashes immersed in the
Ganga?
Answer:
Nehru did not consider the Ganga a holy river. He wanted his ashes immersed in the Ganga because he had been attached to it since his childhood.

Question 5.
Why does Nehru call the Ganga ‘the river of India’? [2009, 14]
Answer:
Nehru calls the Ganga ‘the river of India’ because (UPBoardSolutions.com) it has been the symbol of India’s culture and civilization. It reminds me of the hopes, fears, successes, and defeats of the people of India.

Question 6.
What does the Ganga symbolize? [2012, 16]
Answer:
The Ganga symbolizes India’s age-long culture and civilization.

Question 7.
what did the Ganga remind him of? [2015]
Answer:
The Ganga reminded Nehru of the snow-covered peaks and deep valleys of the Himalayas, and its rich and vast plains.

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Question 8. what were the two main points which Nehru made in his will?
Answer:
The two main points which Nehru wrote in his Will were:

  1. His body should be cremated where he dies.
  2. A handful of his ashes should be thrown (UPBoardSolutions.com) in the Ganga and its major portion should be scattered on the fields of India.

Question 9.
Why did Nehru want the major portion of his ashes scattered over the fields of India? [2012, 14]
Answer:
Nehru wanted that a major portion of his ashes should be scattered over the fields of India so that the ashes of his body should be mixed in the soil of India of which it was made.

Question 10.
Why did Nehru feel so much attached to the Ganga and the Jamuna? [2010, 18]
                                   Or
How was Nehru attached to the Ganga? [2011, 12, 16, 18]
Answer:
Nehru had been watching the Ganga and the Jamuna at Allahabad closely since his childhood. He had watched their moods all these years. So he was greatly attached to these rivers.

Question 11.
What, according to Nehru, should India get rid of? [2014]
Answer:
According to Nehru, India should get rid of the traditions and customs that bind, divide and suppress her people. They prevent the free development of one’s body and spirit.

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions in about 60 words :

Question 1.
What did the Ganga mean to Jawaharlal Nehru? Why does Nehru call the Ganga ‘the river of India’? What did the Ganga remind Nehru of?
                                          Or
What feelings have the writer expressed about the Jamuna and the Ganga in the lesson “The Ganga’ ?
                                          Or
why was Nehruji so attached to the Ganga? [2012, 13, 15, 17, 18]
                                          Or
What is the significance of the Ganga for Nehru and India? [2011, 12, 13, 16, 18]
                                          Or
What were the views of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru about the river Ganga and the people of the country? [2009, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18]
                                          Or
What do you come to know about Pt.Nehru after reading the lesson “The Ganga’ ? [2016]

Answer:
The Ganga and the Jamuna meant a lot to Jawaharlal Nehru. He had been attached to them ever since his childhood. His attachment had grown with years. He had watched their changing moods with the change of seasons. They had been a source of great inspiration for him. In spite of this, his attachment to the Ganga was not religious.

Nehru calls the Ganga (UPBoardSolutions.com) ‘the river of India’ because it is loved by her people. The songs of India’s victories, defeats, racial memories, hopes, and fears are interwoven around the Ganga. It is also a symbol of India’s age-long culture and civilization which have ever been changing and ever-flowing like the Ganga. The Ganga reminded Nehru of the snow-covered peaks and the deep valleys of the Himalayas which he loved so much and of the rich and vast plains below, where his life and work had been shaped.

Question 2.
what was the will of Pt. Nehru? Describe its main points. Why did Nehru want his ashes to be immersed in the Ganga?
                                       Or
How does Nehru want his ashes to be disposed of
                                       Or
Why did Nehru want his ashes to be scattered over the fields of India? [2016] 
                                      Or
What does Pt. Nehru’s desire: to be done to his body after his death? [2011, 13, 15, 16]

Answer:
1. According to his Will Pt. Nehru wanted that when he should die, his body should be cremated.
2. He wanted that a handful of his ashes should be thrown in the Ganga at Allahabad. He made it clear that it was only due to his intense love for the Ganga and the Jamuna since his childhood.
3. He also wanted that the major (UPBoardSolutions.com) portion of his ashes should be scattered over the fields of India, so that the ashes of his body should be mixed in the soil of India of which it was made.

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Question 3.
Why does Nehru want much of the past traditions and customs to be discarded? What part of it does he want to preserve?
                                     Or
Why does Nehruji want India to get rid herself of?  [2014]
Answer:
Nehru is proud of India’s past. But he does not like many of its customs and traditions. These are very harmful. They divide her people. They prevent the free development of spirit. Nehru wants the people to get rid of all such customs and traditions. But, he wants some of our past customs and traditions to be preserved.

They remind us of our glorious past. They serve as a link between the past and the present. Nehru wants to preserve this part of our past customs and traditions. He values it greatly. He calls it a treasure. He gets inspiration from it.

Comprehension Questions On Paragraphs

(1) I have received so much ……..retained or preserved. [From para 1 [2010, 11, 15]

Question.
1. What is the most precious gift that the author has received from his countrymen?
2. What has overwhelmed the writer of the lesson?
3. What does the author owe to his comrades and colleagues ?
4. What does the writer hope in the remaining years of his life?
5. What is the desire of the writer after his death?
                   Or
How does the writer want his body to be treated after his death?
6.Where should his ashes be sent in case he dies in a foreign country?
                   Or
What does the author wish if he died in a foreign country?

Answer:
1. The most precious gift that the author has received from his countrymen is their love and affection.
2. The affection of all classes of (UPBoardSolutions.com) Indian people has overwhelmed the writer.

3. The author owes a deeper debt of gratitude to his comrades and colleagues because they had been joint partners in great works and in triumphs and sorrows.
4. The writer hopes that in the remaining years of his life he would not be unworthy of his people and their affection.
5. The writer desires that after his death his body should be cremated where he dies.
6. If the author dies in a foreign country, he wishes that his body should be cremated there and his ashes should be sent to Allahabad.

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(2) The Ganga especially…………work have been cast. [From para 3 [2009, 14]]

Question.
1. Why is the author reminded of the snow-covered mountain on seeing the river Ganga?
2. How can it be said that the river Ganga represents India’s culture and civilization?
3. Why is the Ganga beloved of the Indian people?
4. What does the Ganga symbolize?
5. What does the Ganga remind Pt. Nehru of?
6. Which words in the passage mean :
(a) victory,
(b) mixed intimately

Answer:
1. The river Ganga reminds the author of the snow-covered mountains because he loved these mountains very much.
2. The river Ganga has been a symbol of India’s age-long culture and civilization. So it can be said that it represents India’s culture and civilization.

3. The Ganga is beloved of the Indian people because her racial memories, her hopes, and fears, her songs of triumph and defeats are intertwined around her.
4. The Ganga symbolizes India’s age-long culture and civilization. , ”
5. The Ganga reminds Pt. Nehru of snow-covered peaks and deep valleys of the Himalayas and the rich and vast plains below.
6. (a) victory = triumph,
(b) mixed intimately = intertwined.

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(3) Smiling and dancing …………………….ocean of the future. [From para 4 [2009, 15, 17]]

Question.
1. What, according to the writer, is the scene of the Ganga like in the morning and when the evening shadows fall?
                     Or
How does the Ganga look in the morning sunlight?
2. How does, according to the writer, the Ganga look during the winter?
                    Or
When does the Ganga become a narrow, slow, and graceful stream?
3. What is the scene of the Ganga like during the monsoon?
4. How does, according to the writer the Ganga look during the winter?

Answer:
1. According to the writer the Ganga looks smiling and dancing in the morning and dark, gloomy, and full of mystery in the evening.
2. The Ganga looks like a narrow, slow, and graceful stream in winter.
3. During monsoon the Ganga looks broadly bosomed and with the sea’s power to destroy
4. According to the writer, the Ganga looks like a narrow, slow, and graceful stream during the winter.

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(5)And though I have……….wishes India’s shores. [From para 5 [2011, 12, 16, 18]]

Question.
1. Write the name of the lesson from which the above passage has been taken. Who is the author of this lesson?
2. Why has Nehru discarded much of the past traditions?
3. What does the author want India to get rid of herself of?
4. What is the writer conscious of?
5. What gives inspiration to the writer?
6. Which chain would the author not break?
7. What is the last homage of the author to India’s cultural inheritance?
8. Why did Pt. Nehru not want to discard the past completely?

Answer:
1. The above passage has been taken from the lesson ‘The Ganga’. The author of this lesson is Jawaharlal Nehru.
2. Nehru has discarded much of past traditions and customs because they bind and constrain her, and divide the people of India.
3. The author wants India to get rid herself of all shackles that bind and constrain and divide her people.

4. The writer is conscious, that he too, like all of us is a link in the unbroken chain which goes back to the dawn of history in the immemorial past of India.
5. The unbroken chain gives inspiration to the writer.
6. The author would not break the unbroken chain which goes back to the dawn of history in the immemorial past of India.
7. The last homage of the author to India’s cultural inheritance was that he wanted that a handful of his ashes to be thrown into the Ganga at Allahabad. completely because he himself was a part of that great inheritance.

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