RBSE Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Reader Prose Chapter 7 The Lady or The Tiger are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 English. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 English Solutions Literature Reader Prose Chapter 7 The Lady or The Tiger
|Chapter Name||The Lady or The Tiger|
|Number of Questions Solved||60|
Activity 1: Comprehension
Table of Contents
- 1 A. Tick the correct alternative:
- 2 Activity 2: Vocabulary
- 3 Activity 3: Grammar
- 4 Activity 5: Composition
- 5 ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
A. Tick the correct alternative:
Activity 1: Comprehension
A. Tick the correct alternative:
1. The king was full of
(d) good manners
2. The king was happy when
(a) things went right
(b) things went wrong
(c) people came with suggestions
(d) people gave him gifts
3. The princess loved the young man who
(a) equal to her in status
(b) above her in status
(c) below her in status
(d) a semi-barbaric fellow
B. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Write T for true and F for false:
1. The arena was meant for gladiators. False
2. The fate of the criminals was decided in the courts of law. False
3. Justice, good or bad, was always delayed. False
4. The ladies to be kept behind the door were selected through beauty contests. False
5. When the criminal was killed by the tiger, the songs of joy used to be sung. False
6. Quite often the beasts were also brought to the arena for fighting together. False
7. The princess was as barbaric as her father. False
8. The princess was free from jealousy. False
9. The mind of the princess was full of conflict. true
10. The lover of the princess was killed by the tiger. False
C. Answer the following questions in about 30-40 words each:
How was the king different from his neighbors?
His neighbors were known for their kindness and good manners. The king had also learned a few manners from them. Still, he was uncivilized and lack in good manners.
Why was the king happy when things went wrong?
When things went wrong, he was happy. He got an opportunity to set them correctly. He often loved to make the crooked straight and to crush down disorder in his kingdom.
How did the king use the arena?
The arena was a method to culture the lives of his subjects. In the arena humans and beasts used to perform before the audience. It also helped the king to assert his fancies. (RBSESolutions)
If the accused chose the door with the tiger, what happened? How did the people react?
If the accused chose the door with the tiger, the hungry tiger would jump on him and tear him into pieces. It was punishment for his guilt. The people used to become sad and think about the young and fair accused.
If the accused chose the door with the lady, what happened? How did the people react?
If the accused chose the door with the lady, he would marry her immediately. The people gave their approval and the innocent man brought home his new bride. (RBSESolutions)
D. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each?
Describe the character of the princess.
The princess had all the qualities of her father. On the day of trial, she discovered the secrets of the door. Because they held the fate of her lover. It was a choice between death and marriage or the lady and the tiger. However, she made a quick sign with her hand and directed her lover to the door on the right. The decision was really difficult for her. She was horrified to think about her lover being killed by the hungry tiger. At the same time, she is equally jealous of the beautiful lady chosen for the occasion. So, she was not free from hatred and jealously-semi-barbarism.
Why was the audience surprised when the young man entered the arena?
On the day of trial, the arena was packed with the audience. When the signal was given, the princess’s lover entered the arena. The audience was surprised to see him because he was very handsome and attractive. It was impossible for the audience to believe that such a handsome man was living among them. The princess was bound to fall in love with this handsome man. But nobody could change his fate. His misfortune had brought him to the terrible arena. (RBSESolutions)
What had the princess discovered about the door?
The princess was a royal daughter. She had power, influence, and plenty of gold to discover the secret of the arena. She had passed several sleepless nights thinking about her lover. She could not see her lover being killed by the hungry tiger. At the same time, she was unable to bear the presence of another lady in her lover’s life. But she had lost her lover. In such situations, she might have discovered the secret of the door with the lady so that her lover might live in the world.
What did the princess feel when she imagined her lover opening the door that hid the tiger?
When the princess imagined her lover opening the door that hid the tiger, she was horrified. She imagined the horror of her lover being killed by the hungry tiger. The scene mover her heart moved. She in her dreams had covered her face with hands. She did everything to hide from the cruelty. She had lain awake at night imaging the cruelty of the scene. Although she was hot-blooded and semi-barbaric, she had a heart that could feel pain and suffering.
What did she feel when she imagined her lover opening the door that hid the lady?
When she imagined her lover opening the door that hid the lady, she screamed and tore her hair. She became restless. Her soul burned in agony at the sight of her lover rushing to the lady with whom he was to be married the next moment. Her tears had no meaning as they lost in the joy of marriage. She was left to live through the misery of the procession, the happy couple, and the shouts of the crowd.
“The princess had enough barbarism in her that their love affairs were dramatic ……. too dramatic? Explain.
The princess was very dear to her father. She was passionate, fanciful, and strong like her father. Unfortunately, she fell in love with a young man who was below her status. But he was brave, handsome, and daring. He also loved the royal daughter from the core of his heart. Their love affair remained a secret for months. The princess could not forget her barbarism. Her dramatic love affair was revealed to her father who put the young man to prison without hesitation. So their love affair was dramatic —too dramatic. (RBSESolutions)
How could the princess find the secret of the doors?
The princess was a royal daughter. She had power, influence, and a great deal of gold. She was in a strong position to discover the secret of the doors. She did find out the secret of the door for the occasion. Finally, she was able to know the room in which stood the hungry tiger and in which waited for the lady. It was the reason why she was impatient to make her presence on the day of trial.
Comment on the king’s method of dealing with justice.
The king’s method of dealing with justice was the public arena. The humans and beasts used to perform before the audience in this arena. It was a very big amphitheater with encircling galleries, mysterious vaults, and unknown passages. It was the place where the king’s poetic justice was often delivered. It was also the place where the crime was punished or virtue was rewarded. However, punishment or reward was absolutely dependent on the fate of the accused.
What do you think came out of opened door-the lady or the tiger? Give reasons.
It is very difficult to give answers to this question. Everything depends on our thought as the author has left the end of this story hanging in the air. After the princess lover was put into prison, he had spent several sleepless nights. She was horrified to imagine her lover being killed by the tiger. At the same time, her heart was in anxiety to imagine her lover rushing towards the lady. It is a fact that she had already lost her lover. But she had a desire to save him. As she had sufficient power and influence to know the secrets of the door, she did it. She was also present on the day of trial so that she could help her lover. Consequently, she made a sign to the door on the right side, from which the lady might have come out. (RBSESolutions)
What deeper message has been communicated to us in the story?
Undoubtedly this story has a lot to say. The importance of choice and the consequences that result from this choice depends on the fate of the accused. The king has created the public arena with a purpose. He never interferes with the choice of the accused. Actually, the accused’s choice is the one that decides his destiny. The king’s choice does not matter in this scheme of dealing with justice. Whether the accused is killed by a hungry tiger or gets married to a beautiful maiden is a subject of fate for the accused. So fate plays a major role in one life.
Activity 2: Vocabulary
A. Find from the lesson on word substitutes for the expression given in brackets. The initial letters have been provided as hints:
1. The king was uncivilized and much like a s ………….. (a primitive man)
2. In ancient Rome, the g…………. were forced for the bloody fights. (those who fought with swords)
3. The fate of criminals was decided in the a……… (unroofed arena for fights)
4. The princess was as s…………. as her father. (partly civilized and partly rude)
5. Great wails went up from the hired m………….who were posted outside the arena. (persons expressing sorrow by weeping)
B. Fill in the blanks with appropriate choice from the words given below: hungry, glory, arena, judgement, traditions, hated
1. In the public …………. humans and beasts performed before audiences.
2. From the gate a …………. tiger would come out and kill the accused.
3. The arena built by the king was not for the …………. of gladiators.
4. The king knew no ………….. from other kingdoms.
5. There was no escape from the …..of the king’s arena.
C. Fill in the blanks with nouns derived from the verbs given in brackets:
1. At last the princess took …………to deal with the situation. (decide)
2. The …………. would go as planned. (try)
3. The tiger tore the accused to pieces as …… for his guilt. (punish)
4. The king allowed no ……….. with his design. (interfere)
5. The bells rang and the audience shouted its …………..(approve)
Activity 3: Grammar
In lessons 1-4 you studied tenses, word formation, and active/passive voice. Complete the following paragraphs by using the correct forms of verbs given in brackets:
The king was semibarbaric. People …………. (afraid of) him. His method of (give) justice was funny. But the (terrify) people (have) no courage (speak) against him. The life of the accused absolutely (depend) on the trick of fate. People (know) well that if they (interfere), they (meet) the same fate as the common criminals. So they (choose) (keep) silent.
The king was semi-barbaric. People were afraid of him. His method of giving justice was funny. But the terrified people had no courage to speak against him. The life of the accused absolutely depended on the trick of fate. People knew that if they had interfered, they would have met the same fate as the common criminals. So they chose to keep silent.
The princess was beautiful and extremely (like) by her father. One day the king (discover) that his daughter (fall) in love with a young and handsome man of his kingdom. The man (arrest) and (send) to prison. (Hear) this, the mind of the princess (become) (occupy) with strange thoughts. She (know) to the King’s method of justice. On the one hand she (want) (save) him, on the other she (shock) (think) about the possibility of the lady (come) out of the gate instead of the tiger!
The princess was beautiful and extremely liked by her father. One day the king discovered that his daughter had fallen in love with a young and handsome man of his kingdom. The man was arrested and sent to prison. Hearing this, the mind of the princess became occupied with strange thoughts. (RBSESolutions) She was known to the king’s method of justice. On the other hand, she wanted to save him, on the other she was shocked to think about the possibility of the lady who might come out of the gate instead of the tiger.
Complete the following paragraphs choosing nouns, adjectives, or adverbs from the list given below: (decisions, knowledge, fury, arena, brutish, judgment, distance, savage, whimsical, stroke, ferocious, adviser, glamorous, grace]
The King’s behavior was …………. and he looked like ………….. People were well known to his …………. nature and thought it better to keep …………. As no person dared to become his …………., his …………. were self-made. But the most frightening ones were his …………. dealt out to criminals. There were two gates in the public ………….. Behind one gate hid a ………….tiger and behind the another the most …………. girl of the land. But nobody had …………. as which gate hid the tiger and which gate hid the girl. It was only the …………… of fate that decided whether the accused would have the …………. of the girl or …….. of the tiger.
The king’s behavior was savage and he looked brutish. People were well known to his whimsical nature and thought it better to keep distance from. As no person dared to become his adviser, his decisions were self made. But the most frightening ones were his judgments dealt to out to criminals. There was two gates in the public arena. Behind one gate hid a ferocious tiger and behind the another gate the most glamorous girl of the land. But nobody had knowledge as which gate hid the tiger and which gate hid the girl. It was only the stroke of fate that decided whether the accused would have the grace of the girl or the fury of the tiger.
Activity 4: Speech Activity
Imagine the a dialogue took place between the king and the accused, beginning like this:
The King : You are a criminal.
The Accused : Your majesty, what is my crime?
The King : so you are fearless! How dare you talk to me?
The Accused : Me lord, I humbly want to know about my crime.
The King : How dare you see my ….. daughter!
Complete the dialogue.
Activity 5: Composition
Write a paragraph in about 150 words on the judicial system of India.
There is a single integrated judicial system in India. It is organized in pyramidal form. At the apex of the entire judicial system stands the Supreme Court of India. Immediately below the Supreme Court are the various High Courts and below them are the subordinate courts in each state.
The Supreme Court of India is the protector of the fundamental rights of citizens. It may issue writs in the nature of mandamus prohibition, habeas corpus, certiorari, and quo warrantor for the enforcement of the rights and liberties of the people.
The Supreme Court is the interpreter and guardian of the constitution of India. It can annual the unconstitutional laws and orders of the Union and the State Governments. Every High Court enjoys original jurisdiction with respect to revenue and its collection, cases of succession, divorce, etc. (RBSESolutions) In its appellate Jurisdiction, it hears appeals from the lower courts in cases concerning sales tax, income tax, copyright, patent right, etc. The High Court is a court of record and its proceedings and decisions are referred to in future cases. A High court can issue writs for the enforcement of fundamental rights or for any other such purpose.
The subordinate courts are under the complete control of the High court. The lower court (e.g. Nyaya Panchayat or Munsiffs court) deals with minor cases while the higher courts (e.g., subordinate Judge’s court or District Judge’s court) deal with important cases.
Write a paragraph in about 100 words on the importance of the rule of law.
There are laws laid down by the government, and everyone in the country has to obey them. It is something more complex and involves the primacy of laws over the human instinct for a shortcut. It is about suppressing the urge to gain an unfair advantage, for the eventual betterment of all who reside in any one country. Those nations where the rule of law is weak tend to end up in a morass of lawlessness and corruption. Every country must guard against any creeping erosion of the primacy of prudent laws or build up new sinews to defend them.
Well-thought-out and prudent laws are the foundation of a nation. They define the parameters of civil society. Conversely, if laws become elastic, then the boundaries of life become distended into dysfunction. For this reason, then, it is incumbent on all to guard against the possible encroachment of the far-too-natural urge to cut corners. (RBSESolutions)
Write a paragraph in about 100 words comparing the king in the lesson with the Indian King Chandragupta Maurya. You may take the help of a history teacher.
The king was the highest authority and was assisted by ministers and other state officers. Pataliputra was the capital of Mauryan Empire during the rule of Chandragupta Maurya. Chandragupta Maurya, as the ruler of a great empire, made the administration of justice through. The Law was binding on all and carried the fear of punishment for the breakers of Law. At the top of the judicial system was the king as the highest court of appeal. There were smaller courts of justice right from the village tribunals at the bottom. The village headman and the village elders usually looked into smaller disputes within their local areas.
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
A. Choose the correct alternative from the options given below:
1. Which of the following words best describes the king?
2. The setting of the story is related to
(a) a circus
(b) medieval Europe
(c) Ancient Rome
(d) Arabian country
3. Which word best describes the princess’s lover?
(b) bold and daring
4. What kind of tiger was usually kept behind the door?
5. Who used to choose the lady for the accused person?
(a) The king’s adviser
(b) The ministers
(c) The king himself
(d) The subjects.
6. On the day of trial probably:
(a) the lady came out of the door.
(b) the tiger came out of the door.
(c) a bear came out of the door.
(d) certainly difficult to say.
7. The king’s method of justice was a selection between:
(a) rich and poor people
(b) strong and old
(c) death and marriage
(d) musicians and dancers (RBSESolutions)
8. The royal daughter was like ……
(a) the young man
(b) the subjects
(c) her father
(d) the king’s men
9. When the young man entered the arena, he was ..
(d) bold and confident
10. Who gauged the signal made by the princess in the arena?
(a) The audience
(b) The king
(c) Only her lover
(d) The band of dancers.
B. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Write ‘ T’ for true and ‘F’ for false:
1. The king’s Latin neighbors were great idiots.
2. Only the religious heretics were tried in the public arena.
3. The fate always helped the accused person in the arena.
4. The accused was free from any pressure to choose any one of the doors.
5. The accused person often knew the secrets of the door.
6. The fate of the accused person always made the trial more interesting.
7. The princess’ lover was a commoner.
8. The princess was jealous of the lady behind the door.
9. The accused person opened the door on the left.
10. The princess took a long time to indicate the right-hand door.
C. Answer the following questions in about 30- 40 words each:
How was the king most powerful?
The king very much like fancies enthusiasm. As a king, he was able to put into force some of his fancies into practice. So he was very powerful.
What is an amphitheater?\
In ancient Rome/time, an amphitheater was an oval unroofed building. It had seats rising behind and above each other round in space. It was used for public games and amusements.
What decided the punishment or reward for crime in the public arena?
In the king’s scheme of poetic justice, fate had a great role. The chance often decided the punishment or reward for crime in the public arena.
Where did the king usually sit in the public arena? (RBSESolutions)
The king’s throne was specially built in the public arena. It was constructed high up on one side of the arena. The king often sat at this place and gave signals.
What was the goal of the public arena?
The king often desired to increase the culture of his subjects. The public arena helped him in widening and developing the mental energies of his subjects.
How was the public arena unique?
The king’s justice was unique. The public arena was the method of his justice. There was a fifty percent chance of punishment or reward for the accused.
How is the king represented in the story?
In the story the king symbolized savagery. He did not have the grace and polish of his neighbors. Still, he was famous for his poetic justice.
How is the prince represented in the story?
The king’s method of justice is the public arena. The accused was free to choose between the hungry tiger and the lady. His life was dependent on chance.
Where were the two doors located in the area?
The two doors were located directly in front of the accused standing in the amphitheater. They were exactly the same and built side by side.
What does the phrase ‘Sad iron bells’ signify?
When the hungry tiger decided the fate of the accused person, there was no chance of his living. The sad iron bells were rung to declare his death.
What precaution was taken to choose the lady for the accused person?
The king himself chose the lady for the accused person. He took every care about her age and status. He often selected the beautiful lady for the accused.
Did the tiger come out of the same door on every trial?
No, the tiger did not come out of the same door on every trial. There was two-door in the king’s arena. Sometimes a hungry tiger came out of one door, and sometimes it came out of the other door.
What was the people’s reaction to the king’s method of justice?
The king’s method of justice was very popular among the people. On the trial day, they often used to gather in large numbers. They were greatly entertained. They had no doubt about the king’s justice.
Which law governed the proceedings of the public arena?
The king like his fancies and he had to force them into reality. His courtiers had no power to change his decisions. Actually, his words were law. (RBSESolutions)
How was the king barbaric?
The king was not civilized. He did not follow his advisers. He lacked in the grace and polish of his neighbors. He often asserted his power.
How was the princess similar to her father?
The princess was passionate, fanciful, and strong. Her father was also endowed with all these qualities. So she was like her father.
Explain: ‘the apple of her father’.
The phrase is used for the princess. She was very dear to her father. So, she was the apple of her father.
How was the princess’ lover a commoner?
The princess was a royal daughter. But her lover was below her status. So, he was a commoner.
What qualities was the princess’s lover known for?
The princess’s lover was brave, handsome, and daring. He had a sweetheart. He loved the princess with all his being.
Why did the king take his personal interest in the young man’s case?
The young man’s case was typical. He loved the royal daughter. At the same time, he was below in status of the princess. So the king takes his personal interest in this matter.
Why was the audience eager to attend the young man’s trial?
The audience was familiar with the king’s method of justice. This time his daughter was involved in this case. Perhaps they wanted to know the king’s decision.
What crime was committed by the young man?
Although the young man was brave and handsome, he dared to love the royal daughter. He forgot his status. So, it was a crime for him.
What had the princess done which no one had ever done?
The princess was a royal daughter. He had power, influence, and lots of gold. He discovered the secrets of the doors. No one had ever discovered it before.
Why did the accused look only at the princes in the arena?
The accused knew that the princess had the answer. She might have discovered the secrets of the door. She might indicate the right door at any moment.
The princess made the signal quickly. Why?
The princess was sitting beside her father. The audience may suspect her and question the king’s method of justice. So she made a quick signal for her lover only.
How did the princess’ heart behave at the thought of her lover’s trial?
Her heart was burning with longing for her lover and jealousy of the lady. She knew that she had already lost her lover. But she had no answer.
The trial of the princess’ lover was special for the subjects. Why?
The subjects were greatly interested in the workings and development of this trial. The young man’s case was a critical case for the kingdom as it involved the royal daughter. They wanted to watch its result.
D. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each:
What sharpened the king’s ideas? How did his authority help him?
The progressiveness sharpened the king’s ideas. He had learnt many good things from them. Still he was not so popular as his Latin neighbors were.The king was a man of exuberant fancy and immense enthusiasm. As a king he had a great deal of authority. No body could question his power. His irritable authority always helped him put some of his fancies into practice.
When was the king calm and friendly. What happened when things went wrong?
The king was barbaric. Still, he was calm and friendly when things followed their normal course in the kingdom. But when the things did not please him, he was blander. Even his advisers were helpless to control or advice him. He often likes to correct the wrong things. He loved to make the crooked straight and crush down the uneven places in life. (RBSESolutions)
What purpose did the public arena serve the savage king?
The public arena was the king’s method of justice. It symbolized how his ideas were simplified. The exhibition of manly and beastly valor in the arena was a powerful source of entertainment for the subjects. He also refined and cultured the minds of his subjects. The king had a desire to add to the culture of his subjects.
How was the princess’ decision serious for her?
The princess fell in love with a young man. The young man loved her deeply. But he was a commoner. Unfortunately, the king came to know about their love affairs and put the young man in prison. He was to be tried in the arena. Anything might happen with him. The princess did not like him to be killed by a hungry tiger. She also had no desire to see him to be married with the lady behind the door. So, it was a crucial moment for her.
What came out of the door on the day of trial?
This question is really difficult to be answered. Even the author has left the end to the readers. Anything might have happened with the young man. The princess was jealous of the lady behind the door. She could not see her lover with the beautiful lady. He was to be married with whom the next moment. At the same time, she was also helpless to bear the cruelty of the tiger.
How did the element of uncertainty make the trial interesting for the audience?
The king’s method of justice was unique. The fate of the accused was decided by two doors. One door had a beautiful lady behind and the other door had a hungry tiger behind it. The audience was not certain what would happen the next moment. The lady or the tiger never came out of the same door every time. As the secrets of the doors was full of suspense, it was interesting for the audience. The fate of the accused always decided the trial.
Why was the princess jealous of the lady behind the door?
The lady behind the door was one of the most beautiful ladies in the entire country. She knew this fact. When she thought his lover being living with this lady, she was full of anger. She hated the lady. In her father’s system of justice, if the accused was innocent, he had to be married with the lady behind the door. As the young man loved her deeply, it was impossible to see him with the other beautiful lady.
Question 8. What did the princess feel in her dreams?
The princess was frightened by her dreams. The horror of the dream made her restless. She was unable to bear the scene of her lover being killed by a hungry tiger. In her dreams she often covered her face with her hands. She was well aware that in her father’s method of justice only fate of the accused decided death or reward as punishment for him. There was no escape for her lover. As she was scared, she tried to escape the cruelty by covering her face.
Why was the princess impatient to attend the trial?
The princess knew that her lover might ask for some hints about the doors. She had power, influence and gold to know about the secret of the doors. Her lover was well aware that she would discover it and pass on to him. Besides, she also thought that she would be asked for the secret of the door by her lover in the arena. In her father method of justice there was no provision of escape. It was a choice between death and reward. So, she was impatient to attend the trial.
How was the king’s justice fair?
In the king’s method of justice crime was decided by the two doors-the tiger or the lady behind them each.The tiger punished the accused and the lady rewarded him. Everything was dependent on the chance or fate.The tiger or the lady did come out of the same door every time. Nobody was sure what would happen at the next moment. Still people were happy because justice was done instantly. (RBSESolutions)
What arrangements did the king make for the young man’s trial?
For the young man’s trial the king chose the fiercest tiger. He himself selected a lady for the young man.She was one of the most beautiful ladies in the entire country. Even the princess was jealous for her. All the proceedings were controlled by him. The mourners were posted outside the arena. The priests were also ready behind the door. Even facts of the matter did not produce any effect on his arrangements.
How was the princess’ love with the young
The love affair between the princess and the young man remained a secret for some months. Unfortunately this matter was revealed to her father who put him in the jail instantly. Although her lover was below her status.he was brave, young and handsome. He loved her deeply. On the day of trial the audience were surprised to see her lover. They thought that the princess was bound to fall in love with him. But how it happened was difficult to say. Perhaps her love was dramatic.
Questions For Practice
1. What was novelty in the king’s justice?
2. The king was barbaric. Give two evidences.
3. How fair was the princess’ love with the young man?
4. What is the significance of the tiger and the lady?
5. What could be a suitable end of this story?
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