RBSE Class 10th English Unseen Passage

In this article, We will Share RBSE Class 10th English Unseen Passage important. These solutions are solved by subjects experts.

RBSE Class 10 English Reading Type I : (150 words)

(A) Literary Passages

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

After the emperor had left, a crowd of people came to see me. I was a novelty in that island because these people had never seen someone of my size before. Some of the tiny people aimed arrows at me. One arrow nearly shot into my eye. These people were handed over to me to punish as I pleased. To give them a fright I pretended I was going to eat one of them, and I put the others in my pocket. When I took out my penknife, they were terrified but I cut the cords of each of these tiny people and put them on the ground. People went the Emperor who in return of my kindness to his people decided that I would not be killed. On the Emperor,s orders, six cows and forty sheep were to be milked everyday to provide me with milk. My clothes were to be made by three hundred tailors and I was to have six hundred attendants lo look after me. I was to be taught the local language by six teachers.

Difficult words (कठिन शब्द )
Emperor-ruler, सम्राट, राजाधिराज Crowd-a large number of people gathered at a place, भीड़ । Novelty-curiosity, अनूठापन Island-a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides, द्वीप। Tiny-very small, नन्हा, बहुत छोटा। Aimed-targeted, लक्ष्य बनाया गया। Handed over-made free, छोड़ दिया गया। Fright-fear, भय । Pretended-made as if, अभिनय किया गया। Terrified-frightened, भयभीत किया गया। Cords—thick rope, ररुसी |Decided-took a decision, फैसला लिया। Attendants—servants, नौकर, सेवक । Taught-made learnt, पाठ सीखा।

Questions

  1. Why did a crowd of people come to see the author?
  2. Where did the arrow shoot the speaker?
  3. How did the author frighten the people who were shooting arrows at him?
  4. How did the speaker terrify the little people?
  5. What did the Emperor decide?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means very small’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which means ‘give’.

Answers:

  1. Because they had never seen any man of the author’s size before.
  2. The arrow nearly shot into the speaker’s eye.
  3. The author pretended that he was about to eat one of them.
  4. The author took out his penknife to terrify the little people.
  5. The emperor decided that the author would not be killed.
  6. Tiny
  7. Provide

Passage 2

Once a king wanted to appoint an honest man for collecting the taxes of his kingdom. There were many candidates for the post and a day was fixed for selecting the most honest man among them. The king wondered how to know if one was honest or not. When the candidates arrived, they were seated in a big room where a lot of gold and silver coins were kept. After sometime, they were led to the presence of the king and asked to dance. Only one candidate obeyed while all others refused to dance. The minister declared that one who danced was the only honest man. The king wanted to know how dancing could prove him to be an honest. The minister compelled other candidates to show their pockets. Lo! they were filled with the king’s coins. The king now understood why they had refused to dance. So, the honest man was chosen and the others were jailed as thieves.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Taxes-fees, charge, कर, महसूला |Kingdom-a state ruled by the king, राज। Candidates—job seekers, उम्मीदवार। Selecting choosing, चुनाव। Obeyed-followed, आज्ञा पालन हुआ। Refused denied, अस्वीकार किया। Prove—show to be true, सिद्ध करना । Compelled-forced, विवश किया गया। Jailed-put behind the bars, जेल भेजा गया।

RBSE 10th English Unseen Passage Imp Questions:

  1. What kind of man did the king desire?
  2. What was the plan to prove the honesty of the candidates?
  3. Why did the minister compel the candidates for dancing?
  4. Why did the only one candidate accept to dance?
  5. What do you know about the minister?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means ‘announced’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which means ‘selected’.

Answers:

  1. The king desired an honest man.
  2. A lot of gold and silver coins were kept in the room where the candidates were sitting.
  3. The minister wanted to find out the thief who had stolen the king’s money.
  4. The only one candidate was honest. He had not stolen the king’s money. So had no fear of dancing
  5. The minister was an honest man. He wanted to choose an honest man for collecting taxes of the kingdom.
  6. Declared’
  7. ‘Chosen’

Passage 3

Later in the evening, I tried to catch a bee and it stung me on my finger. I felt a sharp pain. I ran to grandmother and told her that I had been bitten and wanted her to do something to stop the pain. Grandmother thought that I had been bitten by a snake. She called out to Grandfather, “Come and see what has happened to Raja”. Grandfather came at once. He looked at my finger and there was a blue mark. Without a word he took me in his arms and started running. He ran across the garden and through the paddy fields. He ran and ran and did not stop until he reached a small house quite some distance away from our home. Then he shouted for the man who lived there.

An old grey haired man came out of the house. He knew the cure of snake bite. Grandfather asked him to cure me. The old man took me inside. He looked at my finger and then asked me to sit down and not to move. I sat to sit down and not to move. I sat on Grandfather’s lap. The old man then took some water in a small brass, sat in front of us and started reciting some mantras.
-Shankar ‘Life with Grandfather

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Stung-pricked, डस लिया गया, डंक मारा गया। Sharp-bitter, तेज, तीखा। Reached arrived, पहुँच गया। Recite-repeat from memory, पाठ करना।

Questions:

  1. What did the bee do to the author?
  2. Why did the author run to Grandmother?
  3. Why did Grandmother call to Grandfather?
  4. What caused a blue mark on the author’s finger?
  5. Why did Grandfather take the author to the old grey haired man?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means ‘examined’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which means ‘spot’.

Answers:

  1. The bee stung the author on his finger.
  2. The author had a sharp pain on his finger and he wanted his Grandmother should do something for him.
  3. Grandmother thought that the author was bitten by a snake. His life was in danger.
  4. The sharp bite had caused a blue mark on the author’s finger.
  5. The grey haired man was able to cure the snake bite. He could save the author’s life.
  6. ‘Looked at’
  7. Mark

Passage 4

There is an incident which occurred at the examination during my first year at the high school, and which is worth recording. Mr. Giles, the Educational Inspector, had come on a visit of inspection. He had set us five words to write as a spelling exercise. One of the words was ‘kettle’. I misspelt it. The teacher tried to prompt me with the point of his boot, but I would not be prompted. It was beyond me to see that he wanted me to copy the spelling from my neighbor’s slate, for I had thought that the teacher was there to supervise us against copying. The result that all the boys except myself were found to have spelt every had been stupid. The teacher tried later to bring this stupidity home to me, but without effect. I never could learn the art of ‘copying’.

Yet the incident did not in the least diminish my respect for my teacher. I was, by nature, blind to the faults of elders. Later I came to know many other failings of this teacher, but my regard for him remained the same. For I had learnt to carry out the orders of elders, not to scan their actions.
–My Experiments with Truth

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Incident-happening, घटना। Worth recording-unable to forget, 476 The Inspector- checker, याद रखने योग्य। Prompt-coach, शिक्षा देना। Supervise-observe and direct the work, निरीक्षण करना। Copying-imitating, नकल करना। Stupid not willing to learn, मूर्ख, बेवकूफ, नासमझ। Diminish-lessen,decrease, कम होना।

Questions:

  1. When did the incident occur in the author’s life?
  2. Who was the Educational Inspector?
  3. Why had Mr. Giles visited the school?
  4. Which was one of the words set for spelling test and misspelt by the author?
  5. What did the author learn from the teachers?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means ‘decrease’.
  7. Write the phrase from the passage which means ‘unaffected’.

Answers:

  1. The incident occurred during the first year when the author was at high school.
  2. Mr. Giles was the Educational Inspector.
  3. He was on a visit of school inspection.
  4. The author misspelt the word, kettle’.
  5. The author had learnt to carry out the orders of elders. He never tried to find faults with them.
  6. ‘Diminished’
  7. ‘Remained the same’

Passage 5

I rested for a moment at the door of a restaurant, the coffee drinkers and tiffin eaters sat still at their tables, uttering low moans on seeing me. I wanted to assure them, ‘Don’t fear, I am not out to trouble you. Eat your tiffin in peace, don’t mind me—– you—nearest in me, hugging the cash box- you are coward, afraid-afraid even to breathe. Go on, count the cash, if that’s what you want. I just want to watch, that’s all—- If my tail trails down to the street, if I am blocking your threshold, it is because I’m eleven feet tip to tail. I can’t help it, I’m not out to kill. I’m to full. I found a green pasture full of food on my way. I won’t need any food for several days to come. I won’t attack until I feel hungry again. Tigers attack only when they feel hungry, unlike human beings who kill one another without purpose or hunger.
-A Tiger Comes to Town-I

Difficult words ( कठिन शब्द )
Restaurant–a place where food is served after payment, भोजनालय। Moans-a painful cry, कराह। Assure-satisfy, आ१वस्त करना। Hugging-holding to the chest, चिपके रहना। Coward-have no courage,कायर। Afraid-scare, fearful, भयभीत। Trail-sweep, घसीटना। Threshold-door, gate, द्वार, दरवाजा। Purpose-aim, उद्देश्या

Questions:

  1. Who is referred to l’ in the above passage?
  2. Where did the tiger take a rest for a moment?
  3. What did the tiger desire to assure the coffee drinkers and tiffin eaters?
  4. Why did the tiger feel regret at his height?
  5. What message did the tiger want to share with the common people?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means ‘a lane’
  7. Write the word from the passage which means ‘ready money’.

Answers:

  1. The tiger is referred to l’ in the above passage.
  2. The tiger took a rest for a moment at the door of a restaurant.
  3. He had desire to assure them that he was not going to harm them. So, they should not be afraid of him.
  4. Because his height had blocked the door of the restaurant. He was eleven feet from tip to tail.
  5. The message is that the tigers attack only when they are hungry, but human beings attack without purpose or hunger.
  6. ‘Street
  7. ‘Cash’.

Exercise For Practice

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

Tom appeared with a bucket of whitewash and a long-handled brush. He surveyed the fence. All gladness left him and a deep melancholy settled down upon his spirit. Thirty yards of board fence, nine feet high. Life to him seemed hollow and existence but a burden. Sighing he dipped his brush and passed it along the topmost plank; repeated the operation, compared the insignificant whitewashed streak with the far-reaching continent of unwhitewashed fence and sat down on a tree-box, discouraged.

Jim came skipping out at the gate carrying a pail and singing. Bringing water from the town pump had always been a hateful work in Tom’s eyes before, but now it did not strike him so. He remembered that there was company at the pump. Boys and girls were always there waiting their turns, resting, trading playthings, quarreling, fighting. And he remembered that although the pump was only a hundred and fifty yards off, Jim never got back with bucket of water before an hour and even then somebody generally had to go after him. Tom said: “Say, Jim, I’ll fetch the water if you’ll whitewash some. I’ll give you a marble.” He shook his head fearing aunt Polly’s slipper.
By Mark Twain, From Adventures of Tom Sawyer.

Difficult Words ( कठिन शब्द )
Surveyed-studied, निरीक्षण किया। Melancholy-a deep feeling of sadness, गहरी उदासी। Streak-line, लकीर । Far-reaching-likely to have a lot of influence,दूरगामी। Fence–a line of wooden or metal posts, बाड़ या घेरा। Fetch-bring, ले आना। Marble a small ball of colored glass, कंचा।

Questions

  1. Why did all gladness leave Tom?
  2. How did life seem to Tom at that occasion?
  3. What is the insignificant whitewash steak compared with?
  4. What did Tom often hate?
  5. How much time did Jim nearly take to bring one bucket of water?
  6. Find out the word from the passage which means ‘a bucket’.
  7. Give the noun form of whitewash’.

Passage 2

Patriotism is an old concept, perhaps as old as the earliest of human civilization. But all through the history of mankind, it has been narrowly understood. Today people have begun to realist that patriotism is an essential part of human instinct. Patriotism has its negative sides particularly when it exceeds its proper bounds. People who think of their own country to be the best and are blind to its weaknesses are not patriots at all.

We are the members of a large human family and so cannot neglect our duties and responsibilities towards it. Our love for the country should be conditioned by respect for the whole community. Narrow prejudice can do nothing except to bring misfortune. In trying to overlook others’ interest in the modern world, we harm our own. Patriotism should be tempered with reason so that it may not be an evil.
Source: Wisdom

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द )
Concept idea, विचार, धारणा। Exceed-go beyond the limit, सीमा पार कर जाना। Prejudices preconceived opinion, दोषपूर्ण सोच। Tempered with-moderate the effects of, प्रभावित होना।

RBSE Class 10th English Unseen Passage Questions

  1. What opinion do the people hold about patriotism today?
  2. Which type of the people can be categorized as patriots?
  3. What are the results of narrow prejudices?
  4. How is patriotism an evil?
  5. What does one love for the country consists of?
  6. The word in the passage means opposite to positive’ is .
  7. Find out the word from passage which means ‘a great of love for one’s country’.

Passage 3

King Bruce of Scotland was under the rule of an English King. He wanted to make Scotland a free country. He fought many battles to fulfill his wish but due to his bad luck, he failed every time. He ran away from the battlefield to a nearby jungle. He entered a cave to escape from being captured. He was disappointed altogether.

All of a sudden, he saw a spider falling down from its web. He began to watch the spider. The spider went up again but after climbing a short distance it fell down again. It tried again but all in vain. Many attempts the spider fell down senseless. The king thought that it would not try any more. As soon as the spider came into its senses, it began to climb again. It was its seventh attempt. This time it succeeded in its ambition. The king was very much pleased at its success. He learnt a lesson from the spider. He came out of the cave. Within a month he gathered a large army and fought another fierce battle. He became successful like the spider. He freed his country Scotland from the English rule.
Source: Wisdom

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द )
Battles—wars, युद्ध | Escape-to get away, बन निकलना। Disappointed—Unhappy, निराश। Attempts— make efforts, प्रयास। Ambition-goal, लक्ष्य। Success gain, सफलता।

Questions

  1. What did king Bruce do to fulfill his wish?
  2. What was his ambition?
  3. Why did the king enter into a cave?
  4. What did the king learn from the spider?
  5. How did the king make his country free from the English rule?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means instruction’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which means without sense’.

(B) Factual Passages

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

Of all the trees of Southern Asia, the banyan tree is unique, not only for the matter of its growth but for the area of shade it provides from the burning sun. Its close relationship with man has evolved over the years to make the banyans a most popular meeting place, a focal point of worship and a source of practical materials for commerce.

Known as the ‘strangler fig’, because of its unusual manner of growth, the banyan is an epiphyte or air plant that has its birth in the branches of a host tree and lives on airborne moisture and nutrients. Banyan seeds are deposited by birds, bats or monkey in the rich soil collected in the crevices of the host tree branches.

As the banyan grows, it sends aerial roots down the trunk of the supported tree. In time, the roots that reach the ground choke the host tree by preventing its trunk from enlarging. The two best known species of banyans are: the Indian, one of the worlds’ largest tropical trees and the Chinese, a smaller species with fewer aerial roots.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Matter-facts, तथ्य। Relationship-close attachment, अच्छे सम्बंध होना। Popular-famous, लोकप्रिय। Commerce-trade, व्यापार। Strangler-an epiphytic vine or tree whose aerial roots extend down the trunk of a supporting tree, जंगली अंजीर। Epiphyte-a plant that grows on another plant, एक पौधा जो दूसरे पौधे पर उगता है। Nutrients-rich food, पौष्टिक खाना। Crevicesa narrow opening, एक छोटा मुँह।Trunk–the woody stem of a tree, तना। Tropical-very hot and humid, उष्णा। Species-a type of living organisms, प्रजाति।

Questions:

  1. In what part of the world is the banyan tree found?
  2. Write two unique features of the banyan tree.
  3. What agencies deposit banyan seeds?
  4. What is the role of the roots that reach the ground?
  5. Name two species of the banyan tree.
  6. Find out the word from the passage which means ‘in the air’.
  7. Find out the word from the passage opposite in meaning to ‘ordinary’.

Answers:

  1. The banyan tree is found in the Southern Asia.
  2. (i) The way of its growth and (ii) The area of shade provided by this tree.
  3. Birds, bats and monkeys are the agencies which deposit the banyan seeds.
  4. The roots reaching the ground chocks the host tree by preventing its trunk from becoming enlarge.
  5. The India which is one of the world’s largest tropical tree, and the Chinese, a smaller species which have fewer aerial
  6. roots.
  7. ‘Aerial’.
  8. Unique’.

Passage 2

What are volcanoes ? In appearance it looks like a cone-shaped mountain. But the top of the cone is rather flat and hollow. This is the crater, which is as it were the mouth of the volcano. The volcano is formed by matter rock coming up from the earth’s crust, by molten rock we mean which is so hot that it runs like liquid. This rock is called lava.

Imagine a short pipe coming up from deep down in the earths’ surface passing through the rocks of the earth’s crust and coming up to the crater. The lava forces its way up this pipe and overflows to form the sides of the volcanoes. The volcanoes mountain is therefore found in the areas where the earth’s surface is for some reason weak and cannot resist the pressure of the molten lava.

One of the most famous volcanoes eruptions of ancient times was of Mount Vesuvius near Naples in 79 AD. Some neighboring towns were buried under huge amount of ash. The ash preserved the bodies of many of the victims which can still be seen today.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Volcanoes-a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are erupted from the earth’s crust ज्वालामुखी। Crater-a large bowl shaped cavity in the ground,छेद। Molten-materials with a high melting point, पिघला हुआ गरम और गाढ़ा पत्थर। Preserved—kept reserved, सुरक्षित रखना।

Questions:

  1. What do we call the top of volcanoes?
  2. How does a volcano look like?
  3. Where are the volcanoes mostly found?
  4. When did the Mount Vesuvius erupt?
  5. How is lave formed?
  6. What is called ‘crust??
  7. Find out the word from the passage which means ‘hot molten material’.

Answers:

  1. The top of the volcano is called crater.
  2. A volcano looks like a cone-shaped mountain.
  3. Volcanoes are commonly found in the areas where the earth’s surface is weak and it cannot resist the pressure of the molten lava. (RBSE Class 10th English Unseen Passage)
  4. The Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD.
  5. Lave is formed by molten rocks. They are very hot, and runs like liquid.
  6. The upper part of the earth is called crust.
  7. ‘Lava’.

Passage 3

India has made good progress in almost every field but the problem that worries us today is the growth of population. The family planning aims at curtailment of birth rate. A small family is indeed a bliss. Parents and two children formula is golden. If a garden is small and plants are few, the gardener finds it easy to nurture them. A large family if full of Life in a large family has many disadvantages. Children cannot study and old people cannot gossip. Mass cooking cannot give us tasty food. In a small family, children can get their desires fulfilled and their dreams shaped. A small family can be accommodated anywhere-in the buses, trains and a small flat in a city. Moreover, a small family is warmly received by their hosts. Economically also a small family can be ordinarily better of in comparison to a big family. So, a small family is a happy family.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द )
Progress-development, प्रगति। Curtailment-cut sort, सक्षिप्तीकरण। Indeed-really, वास्तव में। Formula-rule सूत्र। Disadvantages—drawbacks, हानि |Accommodated-adjusted, समायोजित करता। Ordinarily-commonly, सामान्यतः।

Questions:

  1. What is the biggest problem of India?
  2. What does the family planning aim at?
  3. Which type of family is generally consisted of noises and shouts?
  4. Give two demerits of a large family.
  5. Give at least two advantages of a small family.
  6. Find out the word from the passage which means ‘talk about
  7. Find out the word from the passage opposite to ‘guests’.

Answers:

  1. The growth of population is the biggest problem of India
  2. The family planning aims to curtail the birth-rate.
  3. A large family is generally consisted of noises and shouts.
  4. In a large family children cannot study. The old people cannot gossips.
  5. In a small family the children can get their desire fulfilled and shaped. It may be easily adjusted in a flat in a city.
  6. ‘Gossip’.
  7. ‘Hosts’

RBSE Class 10 English Reading Type II : (200 words)

Gather chapter wise Rajasthan Board Class 10 English Solutions Study Material to score the highest marks in the final exam. Various chapters and subtopics are given clearly in RBSE Solutions Class 10 English Material. All the Rajasthan Board Class 10 English Reading Type II Questions with detailed answers are provided by subject experts.

(A) Literary Passages

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

Once upon a time there lived a famous holy man. He was a very religious and learned person. His name was Rudra. One day, he decided to go to the another village. He took with him only three things. The first was a lamp so that he could read the holy books in the evening. The next was a cock to wake him up in the morning so that he could offer his prayers. The last was a donkey who could carry him on its back. After travelling for many miles, he came to a small village. Nobody gave him shelter there. So he went out of the village and sat under a tall tree. Rudra had no food to eat and nothing to drink. He lit the lamp to read the holy book but a strong wind blew out the lamp. He said, “God is great and whatever he does must be for the best”. And he stretched himself out on the cold earth and went to sleep. Next morning when he woke up the sun was shining brightly. He saw some villagers coming towards him. “Are you all right?, they asked him. “No, I’m not”, complained Rudra. “You didn’t give me any shelter. So I had to sleep under this tree without any food or drink. And the wind blew out my lamp so I could not read my holy book.” “Is that all?” cried the villagers. “During the night some robbers attacked us and took away everything we had. Anyone who tried to stop them was beaten up and three men were killed. Rudra once again knelt on the ground and thanked god.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Famous—well-known, प्रसिद्ध। Learned—lettered, विद्वान। Lamp-a device that produces light, चिराग, लैंप Prayer–the words used to speak to God, प्रार्थना |Shelter-giving protection from bad weather, पनाह। Complained-expressed in happiness, असंतोष व्यक्त किया। Attacked-tried to hurt, आक्रमण किया।

Questions

  1. What three things did Rudra take with him?
  2. Where did Rudra stay?
  3. What did Rudra eat?
  4. What did Rudra believe in?
  5. What did the villagers tell Rudra in the morning?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means ‘lay down’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which means ‘bowed down on knees?

Answers:

  1. Rudra took with him a lamp to read the holy books in the evening, a cock to wake him up in the morning to offer prayers and a donkey to carry him on its back.
  2. Rudra stayed under a tall tree, he stretched himself out on the cold earth and went to sleep.
  3. Rudra ate nothing. He had no food to eat and nothing to drink. The villagers gave him nothing to eat or drink.
  4. Rudra believed in God. He thought that God was great and whatever He did must be for the best.
  5. In the morning, the villagers told Rudra that during the night some robbers attacked them and took away everything they had. One who tried to stop them was beaten up the three men were killed.
  6. “Stretched out
  7. ‘Knelt.

Passage 2

I have talked of the necessity for prayer, and I have dealt with the essence of prayer. We are born to serve our fellow men, and we cannot properly do so unless we are wide awake. There is an external struggle raging in man’s breast between the powers of darkness and of light, and he, who has not the sheet-anchor of prayer to rely upon, will be a victim to the powers of darkness. The man of prayer will be at peace with himself and with the whole world: the man who goes about the affairs of the world, without a prayerful heart, will be miserable and will make the world also miserable. Apart, therefore from its bearing on man’s condition after death prayer has incalculable value for man in this world of the living. We, inmates of the Ashram, who came here in search of Truth and for insistence on Truth, professed to believe in the efficacy of prayers, but had never up to now made it a matter of vital concern. We did not bestow on it the care that we did on other matters. I awoke from my slumbers one day and realized that I had been woefully negligent of my duty in the matter. I have, therefore, suggested measures of stern discipline and far from being any the worse, I hope we are the better for it, it is so obvious.

Difficult words ( कठिन शब्द )
Necessity—the need for something, आवश्यकता |Essence—the most important quality of something, सारतत्व, मूलभूत या सर्वाधिक महत्वपूर्ण विशेषता। Anchor support, सहायता। Incalculable-too great to calculate , अनगिनत, बेहिसाब। Insistence-saying strongly, आग्रह के साथ हठ। Efficacy–ability to bring about results, प्रभावोत्पादकता। Negligent-lack of care, असावधान| Discipline-practice to obey rules and behave well, नियम-पालन।

Questions

  1. Why, according to the author, are we born?
  2. What kind of struggle is raging in man’s heart?
  3. Who will become the victim to the powers of darkness?
  4. Why do the inmates come to the Ashrama?
  5. What did the author realize one day when he awoke from his slumber?
  6. Who will get peace for himself and the world?
  7. Write the word from the passage opposite in meaning to ‘happy’.
  8. Write the word from the passage which means ‘sleep’.

Answers:

  1. According to the author, we are born to serve our fellow men.
  2. The struggle raging in man’s heart is between the powers of darkness and light.
  3. One, who has not the sheet anchor of prayer to rely upon will become the victim to the powers of darkness. (RBSE 10th English Unseen Passage)
  4. The inmates come to the Ashram in search of Truth.
  5. When he awoke from his slumber, the author realized that he had been woefully negligent of his duty.
  6. The man of prayer will get peace of himself and the world.
  7. ‘Miserable’.
  8. ‘Slumber’.

Exercise For Practice

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

My next pet was a pigeon. He was still very young. He was the most revolting bird to look at, with his feathers pushing through the wrinkled scarlet skin, mixed with the horrible yellow down that covers baby pigeons and makes them look as though they have been peroxiding their hair. Because of his repulsive and obese appearance, Larry suggested we call him Quasimodo and, liking the name without realizing the implications, I agreed. Owing to his unorthodox upbringing, and the fact that he had no parents to teach him the facts of life, Quasimodo became convinced that he was not a bird at all, and refused to fly. Instead, he walked everywhere. If he wanted to get onto a table, or a chair he stood below it, ducking his head and cooking in a rich contralto until someone lifted him up. He was always eager to join us in anything we did, and would even try to come for walks with us. This, however, we had to stop, for either you carried him on your shoulder, which was risking an accident to your clothes, or else you let him walk behind. If you let him walk, then you had to slow down your own pace to suit his, for should you get too far ahead you would hear the most frantic and imploring coos and turn around to find Quasimodo running desperately after you, his chest pouted out with indignation at your cruelty.
Gerald Durrell: My Family and other animals

Difficult Words ( कठिन शब्द )
Revolting-extremely unpleasant or offensive, विप्लव करने वाला। Scarlet-a bright red colour, गहरा लाल रंग। Peroxiding-to colour with hydrogen peroxide, पैराक्साइड से रंगना। Repulsive-detestable, घृणारूपद। Obese—weighty,स्थूल। Implications–something that is suggested, निहितार्थ | Unorthodox-not supporting or believing what other people think to be true,अपरंपरागत। Upbringing-bringing up, fostering, पालन-पोषण| Frantic–frenzied, very excited, उत्तेजित। Indignation—outrage, क्रोध।

Questions

  1. Why does the narrator describe the pigeons as ‘Revolting Brides?
  2. What help would Quasimodo have got from the parents?
  3. Why was Quasimodo always eager to go for walks?
  4. Why did Quasimodo consider the humans cruel?
  5. Why do you need to slow down your pace if Quasimodo is allowed to walk with you?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means ‘different from what is usual or accepted’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which is opposite ‘sufficient.

(B) Factual Passages

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

Classroom life is shaped and constrained by the norms, values and traditions of the school. The classroom is a social system which has its own structural arrangements, cultural idioms, and functional purposes. This sets apart the classroom culture of a school and the children constantly pick up what comes across including the unspoken.

Also the interaction of children with teachers in the course of a day depends on the type of a teacher i.e. a volunteer, a group coordinator, a trainee, the nature of work i.e. project v/s training and setting i.e. classroom, grounds, dining hall, meditation hall, etc. Inter group variation in children’s interaction with teachers is evident. While the younger children i.e. those up to 6-7 years of age do not react differently, children of older groups 7 to 10 years show clear demarcating lines among teachers, i.e. the group coordinators or full time teachers being considered higher in status than volunteers and trainee teachers, therefore children give more weight age to their instructions i.e. “listen to them”. This in turn affects the student’s behavior towards the teacher and also the quality of interaction.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Constrained-confined, कैद |Tradition-body of principles, परंपरा, समूह। Structural–basic, मौलिक | Functional-made for practical use, प्रकार्यात्मक। Interaction-mutual communication, पररूपर बातचीत | Volunteer-a person who offers free service, रुवयसेवक। Meditation-careful and deep thinking,चिंतन या मनन| Instruction-clear information to do something, निर्देश।

Questions:

  1. What aspects of the school help to define a classroom life?
  2. Which factors define the classroom as a social system?
  3. What causes a variation in the interaction of children with teachers?
  4. What affects the quality of interaction between the students and the teacher?
  5. What are the various roles of a teacher mentioned in the passage?
  6. Find out the word from the passage which means ‘to mark’.
  7. Find out the word from the passage which opposite in meaning to ‘occasionally’.

Answers:

  1. The norms, values and traditions of the school help to define a classroom.
  2. Structural arrangements, cultural idioms and functional purposes define the classroom as a social system.
  3. The type of a teacher, the nature of work and the setting cause a variation in the interaction of children with teachers.
  4. The status of a teacher affects the quality of interaction between the students and the teacher.
  5. The various roles of a teacher mentioned in the passage are-volunteer, group coordinator, trainee, full time teacher etc.
  6. ‘Demarcate’.
  7. Constantly’.

Passage 2

Pandit Ravi Shankar, the brilliant sitarist, has done a signal service to the country by carrying the banner of Indian music across the world. He has done more than any other musician to arouse the interest of the westerners in Indian music, thus earning himself, the title, ‘India’s musical ambassador’.

Born in Varanasi in 1920, Ravi Shankar began as a ballet dancer with his elder brother Uday Shankar’s troupe. But he left the troupe to learn the sitar under Ustad Allauddin Khan of Maihar. He underwent rigorous practising for nearly eighteen hours a day to gain command over the instrument.

Ravi Shankar toured Europe and America in the 1960’s, where he gave several sitar recitals. He has composed tunes for light music, choral singing and orchestra. The popular tune of Saare Jahan Se Achchha was composed by him in 1945. He composed music for films like Meera, Godaan and Anuradha.

His long list of awards includes the Padma Vibhushan, the Magsaysay Award (1992) and the 1998 Polar Music Prize considered the Nobel Prize of Music. In 1999 he was awarded the Bharat Ratna.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Brilliant-skillful, कुशाग्र बुद्धि। Signal-a particular message, विशेष संदेश। Banner-flag, पताका। Ambassador-one who represents his country in another country, राजदूत। Troupe—bard, दल, मंडली। Rigorous-painful, कठिन, कष्टदायी। RBSE 10th English imp Unseen Passage

Questions:

  1. What service has Pandit Ravi Shankar done for the country?
  2. What title has Pandit Ravi Shankar earned for promoting Indian music?
  3. When and where was Pandit Ravi Shankar born?
  4. Why did he leave his brother’s troupe?
  5. Which tune was composed by him in the year 1945?
  6. Find out the word from the passage which is opposite to ‘dull’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which means ‘singing in a group’.

Answers:

  1. Pandit Ravi Shankar has done a signal service to the country. He has carried the banner of Indian music across the world.
  2. Pandit Ravi Shankar has earned the title ‘India’s musical ambassador’.
  3. Pandit Ravi Shankar was born in 1920 in Varanasi.
  4. He left his brother’s troupe to learn the sitar under Ustad Allauddin Khan of Maihar.
  5. In the year 1945 he composed the tune of Saare Jahan Se Achchha.
  6. ‘Brilliant.
  7. Choral.

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