RBSE Class 10th English Unseen Passage in 200 words

In this article, We have Share RBSE Class 10th English Unseen Passage in 200 words. These solutions are solved by subjects experts.

RBSE Class 10 English Reading Type II : (200 words)

Gather chapter wise Rajasthan Board Class 10 English Solutions Study Material to score the highest marks in the final exam. Various chapters and subtopics are given clearly in RBSE Solutions Class 10 English Material. All the Rajasthan Board Class 10 English Reading Type II Questions with detailed answers are provided by subject experts.

(A) Literary Passages

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

Once upon a time there lived a famous holy man. He was a very religious and learned person. His name was Rudra. One day, he decided to go to the another village. He took with him only three things. The first was a lamp so that he could read the holy books in the evening. The next was a cock to wake him up in the morning so that he could offer his prayers. The last was a donkey who could carry him on its back. After travelling for many miles, he came to a small village. Nobody gave him shelter there. So he went out of the village and sat under a tall tree. Rudra had no food to eat and nothing to drink. He lit the lamp to read the holy book but a strong wind blew out the lamp. He said, “God is great and whatever he does must be for the best”. And he stretched himself out on the cold earth and went to sleep. Next morning when he woke up the sun was shining brightly. He saw some villagers coming towards him. “Are you all right?, they asked him. “No, I’m not”, complained Rudra. “You didn’t give me any shelter. So I had to sleep under this tree without any food or drink. And the wind blew out my lamp so I could not read my holy book.” “Is that all?” cried the villagers. “During the night some robbers attacked us and took away everything we had. Anyone who tried to stop them was beaten up and three men were killed. Rudra once again knelt on the ground and thanked god.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Famous—well-known, प्रसिद्ध। Learned—lettered, विद्वान। Lamp-a device that produces light, चिराग, लैंप Prayer–the words used to speak to God, प्रार्थना |Shelter-giving protection from bad weather, पनाह। Complained-expressed in happiness, असंतोष व्यक्त किया। Attacked-tried to hurt, आक्रमण किया।

Questions

  1. What three things did Rudra take with him?
  2. Where did Rudra stay?
  3. What did Rudra eat?
  4. What did Rudra believe in?
  5. What did the villagers tell Rudra in the morning?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means ‘lay down’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which means ‘bowed down on knees?

Answers:

  1. Rudra took with him a lamp to read the holy books in the evening, a cock to wake him up in the morning to offer prayers and a donkey to carry him on its back.
  2. Rudra stayed under a tall tree, he stretched himself out on the cold earth and went to sleep.
  3. Rudra ate nothing. He had no food to eat and nothing to drink. The villagers gave him nothing to eat or drink.
  4. Rudra believed in God. He thought that God was great and whatever He did must be for the best.
  5. In the morning, the villagers told Rudra that during the night some robbers attacked them and took away everything they had. One who tried to stop them was beaten up the three men were killed.
  6. “Stretched out
  7. ‘Knelt.

Passage 2

I have talked of the necessity for prayer, and I have dealt with the essence of prayer. We are born to serve our fellow men, and we cannot properly do so unless we are wide awake. There is an external struggle raging in man’s breast between the powers of darkness and of light, and he, who has not the sheet-anchor of prayer to rely upon, will be a victim to the powers of darkness. The man of prayer will be at peace with himself and with the whole world: the man who goes about the affairs of the world, without a prayerful heart, will be miserable and will make the world also miserable. Apart, therefore from its bearing on man’s condition after death prayer has incalculable value for man in this world of the living. We, inmates of the Ashram, who came here in search of Truth and for insistence on Truth, professed to believe in the efficacy of prayers, but had never up to now made it a matter of vital concern. We did not bestow on it the care that we did on other matters. I awoke from my slumbers one day and realized that I had been woefully negligent of my duty in the matter. I have, therefore, suggested measures of stern discipline and far from being any the worse, I hope we are the better for it, it is so obvious.

Difficult words ( कठिन शब्द )
Necessity—the need for something, आवश्यकता |Essence—the most important quality of something, सारतत्व, मूलभूत या सर्वाधिक महत्वपूर्ण विशेषता। Anchor support, सहायता। Incalculable-too great to calculate , अनगिनत, बेहिसाब। Insistence-saying strongly, आग्रह के साथ हठ। Efficacy–ability to bring about results, प्रभावोत्पादकता। Negligent-lack of care, असावधान| Discipline-practice to obey rules and behave well, नियम-पालन।

Questions

  1. Why, according to the author, are we born?
  2. What kind of struggle is raging in man’s heart?
  3. Who will become the victim to the powers of darkness?
  4. Why do the inmates come to the Ashrama?
  5. What did the author realize one day when he awoke from his slumber?
  6. Who will get peace for himself and the world?
  7. Write the word from the passage opposite in meaning to ‘happy’.
  8. Write the word from the passage which means ‘sleep’.

Answers:

  1. According to the author, we are born to serve our fellow men.
  2. The struggle raging in man’s heart is between the powers of darkness and light.
  3. One, who has not the sheet anchor of prayer to rely upon will become the victim to the powers of darkness.
  4. The inmates come to the Ashram in search of Truth.
  5. When he awoke from his slumber, the author realized that he had been woefully negligent of his duty.
  6. The man of prayer will get peace of himself and the world.
  7. ‘Miserable’.
  8. ‘Slumber’.

Exercise For Practice

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

My next pet was a pigeon. He was still very young. He was the most revolting bird to look at, with his feathers pushing through the wrinkled scarlet skin, mixed with the horrible yellow down that covers baby pigeons and makes them look as though they have been peroxiding their hair. Because of his repulsive and obese appearance, Larry suggested we call him Quasimodo and, liking the name without realizing the implications, I agreed. Owing to his unorthodox upbringing, and the fact that he had no parents to teach him the facts of life, Quasimodo became convinced that he was not a bird at all, and refused to fly. Instead, he walked everywhere. If he wanted to get onto a table, or a chair he stood below it, ducking his head and cooking in a rich contralto until someone lifted him up. He was always eager to join us in anything we did, and would even try to come for walks with us. This, however, we had to stop, for either you carried him on your shoulder, which was risking an accident to your clothes, or else you let him walk behind. If you let him walk, then you had to slow down your own pace to suit his, for should you get too far ahead you would hear the most frantic and imploring coos and turn around to find Quasimodo running desperately after you, his chest pouted out with indignation at your cruelty.
Gerald Durrell: My Family and other animals

Difficult Words ( कठिन शब्द )
Revolting-extremely unpleasant or offensive, विप्लव करने वाला। Scarlet-a bright red colour, गहरा लाल रंग। Peroxiding-to colour with hydrogen peroxide, पैराक्साइड से रंगना। Repulsive-detestable, घृणारूपद। Obese—weighty,स्थूल। Implications–something that is suggested, निहितार्थ | Unorthodox-not supporting or believing what other people think to be true,अपरंपरागत। Upbringing-bringing up, fostering, पालन-पोषण| Frantic–frenzied, very excited, उत्तेजित। Indignation—outrage, क्रोध।

Questions

  1. Why does the narrator describe the pigeons as ‘Revolting Brides?
  2. What help would Quasimodo have got from the parents?
  3. Why was Quasimodo always eager to go for walks?
  4. Why did Quasimodo consider the humans cruel?
  5. Why do you need to slow down your pace if Quasimodo is allowed to walk with you?
  6. Write the word from the passage which means ‘different from what is usual or accepted’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which is opposite ‘sufficient.

(B) Factual Passages

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Passage 1

Classroom life is shaped and constrained by the norms, values and traditions of the school. The classroom is a social system which has its own structural arrangements, cultural idioms, and functional purposes. This sets apart the classroom culture of a school and the children constantly pick up what comes across including the unspoken.

Also the interaction of children with teachers in the course of a day depends on the type of a teacher i.e. a volunteer, a group coordinator, a trainee, the nature of work i.e. project v/s training and setting i.e. classroom, grounds, dining hall, meditation hall, etc. Inter group variation in children’s interaction with teachers is evident. While the younger children i.e. those up to 6-7 years of age do not react differently, children of older groups 7 to 10 years show clear demarcating lines among teachers, i.e. the group coordinators or full time teachers being considered higher in status than volunteers and trainee teachers, therefore children give more weight age to their instructions i.e. “listen to them”. This in turn affects the student’s behavior towards the teacher and also the quality of interaction.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Constrained-confined, कैद |Tradition-body of principles, परंपरा, समूह। Structural–basic, मौलिक | Functional-made for practical use, प्रकार्यात्मक। Interaction-mutual communication, पररूपर बातचीत | Volunteer-a person who offers free service, रुवयसेवक। Meditation-careful and deep thinking,चिंतन या मनन| Instruction-clear information to do something, निर्देश।

Questions:

  1. What aspects of the school help to define a classroom life?
  2. Which factors define the classroom as a social system?
  3. What causes a variation in the interaction of children with teachers?
  4. What affects the quality of interaction between the students and the teacher?
  5. What are the various roles of a teacher mentioned in the passage?
  6. Find out the word from the passage which means ‘to mark’.
  7. Find out the word from the passage which opposite in meaning to ‘occasionally’.

Answers:

  1. The norms, values and traditions of the school help to define a classroom.
  2. Structural arrangements, cultural idioms and functional purposes define the classroom as a social system.
  3. The type of a teacher, the nature of work and the setting cause a variation in the interaction of children with teachers.
  4. The status of a teacher affects the quality of interaction between the students and the teacher.
  5. The various roles of a teacher mentioned in the passage are-volunteer, group coordinator, trainee, full time teacher etc.
  6. ‘Demarcate’.
  7. Constantly’.

Passage 2

Pandit Ravi Shankar, the brilliant sitarist, has done a signal service to the country by carrying the banner of Indian music across the world. He has done more than any other musician to arouse the interest of the westerners in Indian music, thus earning himself, the title, ‘India’s musical ambassador’.

Born in Varanasi in 1920, Ravi Shankar began as a ballet dancer with his elder brother Uday Shankar’s troupe. But he left the troupe to learn the sitar under Ustad Allauddin Khan of Maihar. He underwent rigorous practising for nearly eighteen hours a day to gain command over the instrument.

Ravi Shankar toured Europe and America in the 1960’s, where he gave several sitar recitals. He has composed tunes for light music, choral singing and orchestra. The popular tune of Saare Jahan Se Achchha was composed by him in 1945. He composed music for films like Meera, Godaan and Anuradha.

His long list of awards includes the Padma Vibhushan, the Magsaysay Award (1992) and the 1998 Polar Music Prize considered the Nobel Prize of Music. In 1999 he was awarded the Bharat Ratna.

Difficult Words (कठिन शब्द)
Brilliant-skillful, कुशाग्र बुद्धि। Signal-a particular message, विशेष संदेश। Banner-flag, पताका। Ambassador-one who represents his country in another country, राजदूत। Troupe—bard, दल, मंडली। Rigorous-painful, कठिन, कष्टदायी।

Questions:

  1. What service has Pandit Ravi Shankar done for the country?
  2. What title has Pandit Ravi Shankar earned for promoting Indian music?
  3. When and where was Pandit Ravi Shankar born?
  4. Why did he leave his brother’s troupe?
  5. Which tune was composed by him in the year 1945?
  6. Find out the word from the passage which is opposite to ‘dull’.
  7. Write the word from the passage which means ‘singing in a group’.

Answers:

  1. Pandit Ravi Shankar has done a signal service to the country. He has carried the banner of Indian music across the world.
  2. Pandit Ravi Shankar has earned the title ‘India’s musical ambassador’.
  3. Pandit Ravi Shankar was born in 1920 in Varanasi.
  4. He left his brother’s troupe to learn the sitar under Ustad Allauddin Khan of Maihar.
  5. In the year 1945 he composed the tune of Saare Jahan Se Achchha.
  6. ‘Brilliant.
  7. Choral.

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