MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Chapter 7 Mercy Solutions

In this article, We have share MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Chapter 7 Mercy Solutions with pdf. These Solutions are solved by subjects experts.

Mercy Comprehension

Read the following stanzas carefully and answer the questions the follow:

1. The quality of mercy is not strained;
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven .
Upon the place beneath. It is twice blest
It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes.

Questions:
(i) What is talked about is these lines?
(ii) How does the poet qualify, mercy?
(iii) For whom is the mercya bliss?
(iv) rive a word from the stanza similar is meaning to ‘forced’?
Answers:
(i) Mercy is talked about here is these lines.
(ii) The poet qualifies mercy as gentle rain from heaven.
(iii) Mercy is a bliss both for the giver and the taker.
(iv) ‘Strained’

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2. It is enthroned in the hearts of Kings,
It is an attribute to God himself.
And earthy power then show likest
God’s When mercy seasons justice.

Questions:
(i) What does mercy do with the king?
(ii) What is mercy?
(iii) When it becomes a divine grace?
(iv) Give a word from the above stanza which is opposite in meaning to ‘dethroned’.
Answers:
(i) Mercy is enthroned in the hearts of kings.
(ii) Mercy is an attribute to God. It is unearthly power.
(iii) It becomes divine grace when combined with justice.
(iv) ‘enthroned’.

Comprehension

(A) (i) But mercy is above this sceptred sway . Explain.
Answer:
It is above the sceptred sway because it is enthroncd in the hearts of the kings.

(ii) Why does the poet believe that ‘earthly power then show likest God’s when mercy seasons justice…’?
Answer:
The poet tells so because it appears to be God when it administers justice

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(iii) His scepter shows the force of temporal power, The attribute to awe and majesty,
(a) What is an attribute to awe and majesty?
(b) What does show the force of temporal power?
Answer:
(a) An attribute to awe and majesty is force.
(b) The scepter shows the force of temporal powers.

(iv) It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven.
Upon the place beneath. It is twice blest.
It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes.
(a) What is mercy compared above lines?
(b) How is mercy twice-blessed
Answer:
(a) Mercy is compared with the gentle rain that drops from heaven.
(b) Mercy is double blessings. On the one hand, it is a boon for the one who gives and a blessing for the other who takes.

(B) Write answer to the following questions in two or three sentences each.

Question 1.
What is the quality of mercy?
Answer:
Mercy is a super divine power.It is not forced.

Question 2.
What makes mercy twice-blessed?
Answer:
On the one hand mercy falls upon the giver as a gift of God and on the other it obliges the taker.

Question 3.
What does quality a monarch more-mercy or throne? Why?
Answer:
It is mercy that qualifies a monarch more. A monarch, by showing mercy, can win the hearts of his subjects.

Question 4.
What does the scepter show?
Answer:
It shows the force of temporal power.

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Question 5.
What is an attribute of God himself?
Answer:
It is mercy itself.

Question 6.
What happens when mercy is tempered with justice?
Answer:
When mercy is tempered with justice, it becomes divine.

(C) Write answer to the following questions in about 150 words:

Question 1.
How does mercy bless the given and the take alike?
Answer:
Mercy is a poem which occurs in Shakespeare’s famous comedy’ The Merchant of Venice’. In these lines Shakespeare through his famous character Portia explains the value of mercy. It drops as a gentle rain from heaven. It is the mightest of all the powers. It is greater than the monarch’s crown. It is above all-fears. It is tribute to God himself.

As a human virtue mercy not only transcends the worldly power but also becomes divine grace when combined with justice.It is a bliss for the giver and the taker as well because the one who gives it is blessed by God and the one who takes it is blessed by the give. So it glorifies the giver and the taker alike.

Question 2.
Give the central idea of the poem.
Answer:
The poem ‘Mercy’ is an extract from a famous Shakespearean comedy. ‘The Merchant of Venice’. These lines highlight the value and characteristics of ‘mercy’. ‘Mercy’ is not forced. It drops as a gentle rain directly from heaven. It is double blessing. On the one hand, it is a boon for the one who gives and a blessings for the other who takes. It is a super divine power. It is throned monarch greater than the crown. There is the quality of fear of monarch But ‘mercy’ is above all a super quality which lives in the heart of kings. It is a godly quality and an earthly power parallel to God when it is demonstrated with justice.

Poetic Devices

Notice the comparison of mercy with rain. It is a poetic device, called simile. A simile is a comparison of two unlike things, using ‘like’ or ‘as’. Another important device is metaphor. The comparison is hidden in metaphor whereas it is obvious in simile.

For example,
(a) (i) The colonel roars like a lion, (simile)
(ii) The colonel is a lion, (metaphor)

(b) (i) He is cunning as a fox. (simile)
(ii) He is fox. (metaphor)

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(c) (i) My friend is slow as a snail, (simile)
(ii) My friend is a snail, (metaphor)

(A) Frame three such pairs of sentences, showing the difference between simile and metaphor.
Answer:
Examples of similes and metaphors.

  • Kalidas was like Shakespeare of India. (Simile)
  • Kalidas was the Shakespeare of India, (metaphor)
  • Camel is like a ship of the desert. (Simile)
  • Camel is the ship of the desert (metaphor)
  • Toanay is like the sun of the family (Simile)
  • Toanay is the seen of the family, (metaphor)

(B) Notice the repetition of the same sound in the 10th line,’sceptred sway’. This is an example of alliteration. Alliteration is a figure of speech, in which the same sound or letter is repeated at the beginning of words that are close together.
For example,
Three thousands did I see at a glance ! (sound’t)
Every time the slide or sprang, (sound’s)
Answer:
Tis Mightiest in the Mightiest.
His Scepter Shows the force of temporal power But mercy is above this Sceptred Sway

Speaking Activity

(A) Read aloud parts of the poem in groups, observing the stress- pattern. (Consult and English Pronunciation Dictionary)
Answer:
Do yourself

(B) Under the Indian law, the President of India can show mercy and commute the death sentence to life imprisonment. Do you think this provision should be continued? Give your arguments (for, or against). .
Answer:
There is a provision in the Indian law that one who is convicted to
death sentence can make a plea for mercy to the President of India The President has been designated to annual the court’s judgment of death sentence convert into lesser punishment. But as I feel this is not a good practice. Recently we have seen that a person who has been convicted to death sentence for his terrorist activity, his plea for mercy on compassionate ground to the President.

The President handed over the case to the Ministry of Home Affairs. Still the case isn’t decoded. In this situation the fate of a convicted person hangs in uncertainty. The system of Indian law is so clumsy that the person dies before it is decoded by the law. So such provision should be stopped.

Writing Activity

(A) Develop a story on the moral of mercy with the help of the following outlines: there lived a saint-visitor to the river- a scorpion bit, him-he was asked to kill it-the saint refused-wisdom prevailed
Answer:
There was a saint. The was having his bath in a river He saw a scorpion drowning) He tried to save it. His other fellows asked him to kill it. But the saint refused to do so. Every time he took the scorpion on his palm to save it, it but him. But the saint did not leave his effort. Finally he held the scorpion and threw it out of water. It was saved. The wisdom prevailed. The saint said that as it was nature of scorpion to bite, so it bit him. In the same way the saint was to show mercy as per his nature. So he saved it.

(B) Write a letter to your friend, narrating one such event when your act of mercy was highly appreciated.
Answer:
For self attempt

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(B) Every religion insists on showing mercy to fellow creatures. Think of the other noble values fostered by religions.
Answer:
The other noble values fostered by religion are:

  • palience
  • berevalence
  • secularism
  • purity
  • devotion
  • sacrifice

Things To Do :

(A) Prepare a list of William Shakespeare’s comedies.
Answer:

  • The Merchant of Venice
  • Much Ado About Nothing
  • As You Like It
  • Twelfth Night
  • The Comedy of Errors
  • Love’s Labour’s Lost
  • A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

(B) Have you read any other 14-line poem in rhyme-scheme? It is known as sonnet. Shakespeare has written 154 sonnets in all, based on his own life. Read some of the sonnets and examine their rhyme-scheme.
Answer:
Do yourself.

(C) Read the following extract-from Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet and underline the lines that are well-known and out-quoted. (See Text book page-50)
Answer:
The well-known as out-quoted lines in the given form are:

  • Give thy thoughts no tongue
  • Give every man there ear; but few thy voice
  • Take each man’s censure: but reserve thy judgment
  • Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy
  • The apparel of proclaims the man
  • Neither a borrower nor a lender be
  • Loan oft loses both itself and friend.

(D) What do you understand by these lines explain in two to three sentences.
(a) Give every man thine ear; but few thy voice
(b) Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy
(c) Apparel off proclaims the man
(d) Neither a borrower nor a lender be
Answer:
(a) This line means we should listen to all but speak our view only to the resemble persons.
(b) Here the poet means to say that we should not cultivate costly habits which we can not fulfill by our means.
(c) This line means that we can recognise the character of a man through his dress what he wears.
(d) Here, the poet suggests as not to get a loan nor we should lend money to others.

Mercy Summary in English

The poem ‘Mercy’ is an extract from a famous Shakespearean comedy. ‘The Merchant of Venice’. These lines highlight the value and characteristics of ‘mercy’. ‘Mercy’ is not forced. It drops as a gentle rain directly from heaven. It is double blessing. On the one hand, it is a boon for the one who gives and a blessings for the other who takes. It is a super divine power. It is throned monarch greater than the crown. There is the quality of fear of monarch But ‘mercy’ is above all a super quality which lives in the heart of kings. It is a godly quality and an earthly power parallel to God when it is demonstrated with justice.

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