RESOURCE OF INDIA
1.1 Natural Resources-Land (Soil), Water
Very Short Type Questions
Q.1. What is meant by soil erosion ? (MP 2014)
Ans. Draining of soil due to running of water or wind is called soil erosion. Soil erosion is serious problem which not only affects lands but also human beings.

Q.2. What do you understand by 'Soil Conservation' ?  (MP 2014,15)
Ans. Prevention of soil erosion or depletion  is called soil conservation.

Q.3. What are the reasons of soil erosion ?  (MP 2014,15)
Ans. Reasons of soil erosion: 
(i) Wind erosion, (ii) deforestation, (iii) Agriculture by non-scientific method, (iv) Over grazing.

Q.4. What are the different factors which help in formation of soil ? (MP 2014) 
Ans. The different factors which help in formation of soil: 
(1) Parents rocks and topography, (2) climatic conditions, (3) plants, animal and their remains.


Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is the importance of soil in human life ? Explain.(MP 2017) 
Ans. Soil is the very important for human life, specially for farmers. Human life depends on soil. All living organisms get their own food directly or indirectly from soil. Human life depends on soil. We get cotton, silk, jute for making clothes from soil, either directly or indirectly. In india may houses are built of soil. Our industries, agriculture and forest based industries all depend on soil. So soil is the basis of our life.

Q.2. Write the measure to conserve the water.(MP 2009 Set C, 16) 
Ans. The following are the measure to conserve the water:
(1) To store the rain-water. (2) To save water from water pollution. (3) To stop the flow of rain water. (4) To have scientific management of all the source of water. (5) To implement the rules for commercial use of water. (6) To make people aware about the economical use of water.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What are the various source of water ? 
Ans. Following are the source of water resources:
(1) Surface water: Water of rivers, lakes and surface water of small and big reserviors is known as surface water. The main source of surface water is rivers, lakes, tanks etc.
(2) Underground water (MP 2017) : Some part of rain water is dissolve by underground area. The water which goes inside the earth is called underground water. This water is stored underground in rocks.
(3) Atmosphere water: This water is present in atmosphere in the form of water vapour. So it is not use directly by us.
(4) Oceanic water: Water which is found in ocean is called oceanic water. It is the biggest source of water.

Q.2. Write six characteristics of desert soil. Where it is found ? (MP 2012) 
Ans. Desert soil: This soil is deposited from Rann of Kutch in the western dry region by south west monsoon. It is found in the dry regions especially western Rajasthan, Gujarat, Southern Punjab, Southern Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.
             Characteristics : 
(1) This soil consists of coarse sand particles.
(2) It contains a large amount of soluble salt content.
(3) Moisture and humus is low but irrigation makes it fertile.
(4) Wheat, sugar, cane, cotton, jowar, bajra and vegetables are grown in this soil.
(5) Due to lack of irrigation facilities it becomes waste land.
(6) It is found in dry regions.

1.2 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Why is the conservation of forest important ? why should we check destruction of forest ? 
   or 
Why are forests necessary for preservation of ecological balance ?
   or
Write six direct benefits from forest. (mp 1993, 2000, 2002, 12, 05, 17)
Ans. There are many direct or indirect advantages of forest. Forest are our national wealth. Because of this, our standard of living is raised. In our country, good forests are much more restricted in extent.
       For the ecological balance, in our country 33% area should be covered by forest. But only 23% of total area is covered by forest.
     Reasons for checking the destruction : Following are the reasons for checking destruction of forests :
(i) To check the environmental pollution, 
(ii) To get the production of forests, 
(iii) To keep the equilibrium or purity of climate,
(iv) To control the flood and to check soil erosion,
(v) To conserve wildlife and to develop tourism,
(vi) To maintain the ecological balance in the environment, 
(vii) In the atmosphere the amount of carbon dioxide is increasing. So, the temperature of the atmosphere is also going on increasing. if the temperature is constantly  increasing, it is believed that ice in the polar region will melt. So, it is necessary to conserve the forests.

Q.2. Write the short note on conservation of wildlife. (MP 1998, 2007, 15)
Ans. Conservation of wildlife : India has an extreme variety of animal kingdom, nut with the cutting down of forests the animal species being abolished day by day. For these reasons special efforts are being made to preserve endangered species of wildlife, time to time census is done to know about the animal population. To control it the government of India formed national wildlife sanctuary in 1983. There are 13 zones in total. In 1986 first reserve was situated at Nilgiri, again in 1988 another reserve was opened at Nanda Devi in U.P., Nokrek in Meghalaya was the third reserve. Fourth was established in Andaman and Nicobar islands. Now the country has 63 national parks, 358 wildlife sanctuaries and 35 zoological gardens covering 1,30,000 sq km.

Q.3. Write down the chief characteristics of the forest policy of December 1988.
Ans. The chief characteristics of the forest forest policy of December 1988 :
1. Check on soil erosion and denudation in catchment area of river, lakes and reservoirs.
2. Increase in productivity of forest to meet the national need.
3. Steps to create massive movement with involvement of women to achieve the objective and minimise pressure on existing forests. 
4. Maintenance of environmental stability through preservation and restoration of ecological balance.

1.3 Agriculture
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is White Revolution ? (mp 2016)
Ans. White revolution is closely related to animal rearing. White revolution means increase in milk production with help of dairy development programmes in rural areas. This is also known as operation flood.

Q.2. What are the provisions of Horticulture Development Programme ? (MP 2017)
Ans.  Following are the provisions of Horticulture Development Programme: 
(1) To established bank for plants cuttings to increase the production of quality plant and fulfil its demand.
(2) To increase the production and productivity of horticulture crops. 
(3) For testing soil and leaves facilities of laboratories nurseries, pali house and green house has to be increased.
(4) Production of high quality horticulture crops has to be increased for export.
(5) Production of high quality hybrid products.


Q.3. What is Pink revolution ? (MP 2017)
Ans. Natural minerals and vitamins play an important role to enhance resistance capacity in the body.  Emphasis is given on growing fruits in tropical and temperate climate such as apple, mango, banana, cashewnut, orange, etc. using the soil and varied climate of our country, this is named as pink revolution.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Write a note on  green revolution. (MP 2015)
Ans. Green revolution is most important agriculture planing by which reformation measures have been taken for development of agriculture. The break through that we have achieved in t5hye production of wheat is called 'Green Revolution'. Large-scale production coupled with commercial nature of agriculture is the main and significant characteristics of green revolution. The Revolution has been brought about by bringing more and more land under farming and using a new as well as scientific techniques of farming. Chemical fertilizers, good quality of seeds. manures and assured irrigation facilities are provide to farmers.
           The credit goes to Indian scientist who developed several high yielding qualities with the assistance of Mr. Burglow an American Agronomist.


1.4. Mineral and Power Resources
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Write any two uses of mica. (MP 2016)
Ans. The two uses of mica:
(1) Medicine: Mica is used to make medicines.
(2) Electricity: Mica is also used in telephone radio industry.

Q.2. Name the renewable and non-renewable source of power. (MP 2014)
Ans. Renewable source of power are : Coal, mineral oil, Natural gas and hydro electricity.
        Non-renewable source of power are: Solar energy, air, geo-thermal energy, tidal energy.

Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. "Madhya Pradesh is known as basket of minerals". Justify this statement. (MP 2010)
Ans. Madhya Pradesh is considered rich in minerals wealth. It is an important area for the production of not only manganese, bauxite and coal but also is at the first place in India regarding diamond production.
        Nearly twenty one minerals are produced in the state. the state is at first place in diamond, limestone, copper and slate production. It is second place in the production of calcite, laterite and rock phosphate.
        Therefore " Madhya Pradesh is known as basket of minerals".

Q.2. 'Chota Nagpur plateau is known as the mineral wonder by the world" Why is it so ? Explain.(MP 2010)
Ans. Chota Nagpur plateau is rich in mineral deposits and is known as mineral wonder of the world. India's 40% minerals are found here. It is in the south of Bihar ( presently in Jharkhand ) and is spread up to Orissa and West Bengal which lies in Central India.
     Whole Chota Nagpur plateau is made of hard rocks, it is the storehouse of metallic minerals. There are mines of iron ore in Bihar and Orissa. Manganese, bauxite, mica, copper and limestone etc. are also found here.

Q.3. What is internet ?     (MP 2014)
Ans. Internet is the short form of the word International Network with the help of this service a person can see an event happening in any country. Contact person and get desired information and data can be obtained through lakhs of computer information centers in one's own language.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is the importance of minerals ? (MP 2017) 
Ans. Following is the importance of minerals:
(1) Minerals are the basis of modern industrial development.
(2) Machines in the industries, ships, high building, weapons, coins and other metallic things are made from minerals.
(3) They are the basis of industrial development.
(4) They are the base of many-many other industries.

RESOURCE OF INDIA
1.1 Natural Resources-Land (Soil), Water
Very Short Type Questions
Q.1. What is meant by soil erosion ? (MP 2014)
Ans. Draining of soil due to running of water or wind is called soil erosion. Soil erosion is serious problem which not only affects lands but also human beings.

Q.2. What do you understand by 'Soil Conservation' ?  (MP 2014,15)
Ans. Prevention of soil erosion or depletion  is called soil conservation.

Q.3. What are the reasons of soil erosion ?  (MP 2014,15)
Ans. Reasons of soil erosion: 
(i) Wind erosion, (ii) deforestation, (iii) Agriculture by non-scientific method, (iv) Over grazing.

Q.4. What are the different factors which help in formation of soil ? (MP 2014) 
Ans. The different factors which help in formation of soil: 
(1) Parents rocks and topography, (2) climatic conditions, (3) plants, animal and their remains.


Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is the importance of soil in human life ? Explain.(MP 2017) 
Ans. Soil is the very important for human life, specially for farmers. Human life depends on soil. All living organisms get their own food directly or indirectly from soil. Human life depends on soil. We get cotton, silk, jute for making clothes from soil, either directly or indirectly. In india may houses are built of soil. Our industries, agriculture and forest based industries all depend on soil. So soil is the basis of our life.

Q.2. Write the measure to conserve the water.(MP 2009 Set C, 16) 
Ans. The following are the measure to conserve the water:
(1) To store the rain-water. (2) To save water from water pollution. (3) To stop the flow of rain water. (4) To have scientific management of all the source of water. (5) To implement the rules for commercial use of water. (6) To make people aware about the economical use of water.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What are the various source of water ? 
Ans. Following are the source of water resources:
(1) Surface water: Water of rivers, lakes and surface water of small and big reserviors is known as surface water. The main source of surface water is rivers, lakes, tanks etc.
(2) Underground water (MP 2017) : Some part of rain water is dissolve by underground area. The water which goes inside the earth is called underground water. This water is stored underground in rocks.
(3) Atmosphere water: This water is present in atmosphere in the form of water vapour. So it is not use directly by us.
(4) Oceanic water: Water which is found in ocean is called oceanic water. It is the biggest source of water.

Q.2. Write six characteristics of desert soil. Where it is found ? (MP 2012) 
Ans. Desert soil: This soil is deposited from Rann of Kutch in the western dry region by south west monsoon. It is found in the dry regions especially western Rajasthan, Gujarat, Southern Punjab, Southern Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.
             Characteristics : 
(1) This soil consists of coarse sand particles.
(2) It contains a large amount of soluble salt content.
(3) Moisture and humus is low but irrigation makes it fertile.
(4) Wheat, sugar, cane, cotton, jowar, bajra and vegetables are grown in this soil.
(5) Due to lack of irrigation facilities it becomes waste land.
(6) It is found in dry regions.

1.2 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Why is the conservation of forest important ? why should we check destruction of forest ? 
   or 
Why are forests necessary for preservation of ecological balance ?
   or
Write six direct benefits from forest. (mp 1993, 2000, 2002, 12, 05, 17)
Ans. There are many direct or indirect advantages of forest. Forest are our national wealth. Because of this, our standard of living is raised. In our country, good forests are much more restricted in extent.
       For the ecological balance, in our country 33% area should be covered by forest. But only 23% of total area is covered by forest.
     Reasons for checking the destruction : Following are the reasons for checking destruction of forests :
(i) To check the environmental pollution, 
(ii) To get the production of forests, 
(iii) To keep the equilibrium or purity of climate,
(iv) To control the flood and to check soil erosion,
(v) To conserve wildlife and to develop tourism,
(vi) To maintain the ecological balance in the environment, 
(vii) In the atmosphere the amount of carbon dioxide is increasing. So, the temperature of the atmosphere is also going on increasing. if the temperature is constantly  increasing, it is believed that ice in the polar region will melt. So, it is necessary to conserve the forests.

Q.2. Write the short note on conservation of wildlife. (MP 1998, 2007, 15)
Ans. Conservation of wildlife : India has an extreme variety of animal kingdom, nut with the cutting down of forests the animal species being abolished day by day. For these reasons special efforts are being made to preserve endangered species of wildlife, time to time census is done to know about the animal population. To control it the government of India formed national wildlife sanctuary in 1983. There are 13 zones in total. In 1986 first reserve was situated at Nilgiri, again in 1988 another reserve was opened at Nanda Devi in U.P., Nokrek in Meghalaya was the third reserve. Fourth was established in Andaman and Nicobar islands. Now the country has 63 national parks, 358 wildlife sanctuaries and 35 zoological gardens covering 1,30,000 sq km.

Q.3. Write down the chief characteristics of the forest policy of December 1988.
Ans. The chief characteristics of the forest forest policy of December 1988 :
1. Check on soil erosion and denudation in catchment area of river, lakes and reservoirs.
2. Increase in productivity of forest to meet the national need.
3. Steps to create massive movement with involvement of women to achieve the objective and minimise pressure on existing forests. 
4. Maintenance of environmental stability through preservation and restoration of ecological balance.

1.3 Agriculture
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is White Revolution ? (mp 2016)
Ans. White revolution is closely related to animal rearing. White revolution means increase in milk production with help of dairy development programmes in rural areas. This is also known as operation flood.

Q.2. What are the provisions of Horticulture Development Programme ? (MP 2017)
Ans.  Following are the provisions of Horticulture Development Programme: 
(1) To established bank for plants cuttings to increase the production of quality plant and fulfil its demand.
(2) To increase the production and productivity of horticulture crops. 
(3) For testing soil and leaves facilities of laboratories nurseries, pali house and green house has to be increased.
(4) Production of high quality horticulture crops has to be increased for export.
(5) Production of high quality hybrid products.


Q.3. What is Pink revolution ? (MP 2017)
Ans. Natural minerals and vitamins play an important role to enhance resistance capacity in the body.  Emphasis is given on growing fruits in tropical and temperate climate such as apple, mango, banana, cashewnut, orange, etc. using the soil and varied climate of our country, this is named as pink revolution.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Write a note on  green revolution. (MP 2015)
Ans. Green revolution is most important agriculture planing by which reformation measures have been taken for development of agriculture. The break through that we have achieved in t5hye production of wheat is called 'Green Revolution'. Large-scale production coupled with commercial nature of agriculture is the main and significant characteristics of green revolution. The Revolution has been brought about by bringing more and more land under farming and using a new as well as scientific techniques of farming. Chemical fertilizers, good quality of seeds. manures and assured irrigation facilities are provide to farmers.
           The credit goes to Indian scientist who developed several high yielding qualities with the assistance of Mr. Burglow an American Agronomist.


1.4. Mineral and Power Resources
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Write any two uses of mica. (MP 2016)
Ans. The two uses of mica:
(1) Medicine: Mica is used to make medicines.
(2) Electricity: Mica is also used in telephone radio industry.

Q.2. Name the renewable and non-renewable source of power. (MP 2014)
Ans. Renewable source of power are : Coal, mineral oil, Natural gas and hydro electricity.
        Non-renewable source of power are: Solar energy, air, geo-thermal energy, tidal energy.

Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. "Madhya Pradesh is known as basket of minerals". Justify this statement. (MP 2010)
Ans. Madhya Pradesh is considered rich in minerals wealth. It is an important area for the production of not only manganese, bauxite and coal but also is at the first place in India regarding diamond production.
        Nearly twenty one minerals are produced in the state. the state is at first place in diamond, limestone, copper and slate production. It is second place in the production of calcite, laterite and rock phosphate.
        Therefore " Madhya Pradesh is known as basket of minerals".

Q.2. 'Chota Nagpur plateau is known as the mineral wonder by the world" Why is it so ? Explain.(MP 2010)
Ans. Chota Nagpur plateau is rich in mineral deposits and is known as mineral wonder of the world. India's 40% minerals are found here. It is in the south of Bihar ( presently in Jharkhand ) and is spread up to Orissa and West Bengal which lies in Central India.
     Whole Chota Nagpur plateau is made of hard rocks, it is the storehouse of metallic minerals. There are mines of iron ore in Bihar and Orissa. Manganese, bauxite, mica, copper and limestone etc. are also found here.

Q.3. What is internet ?     (MP 2014)
Ans. Internet is the short form of the word International Network with the help of this service a person can see an event happening in any country. Contact person and get desired information and data can be obtained through lakhs of computer information centers in one's own language.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is the importance of minerals ? (MP 2017) 
Ans. Following is the importance of minerals:
(1) Minerals are the basis of modern industrial development.
(2) Machines in the industries, ships, high building, weapons, coins and other metallic things are made from minerals.
(3) They are the basis of industrial development.
(4) They are the base of many-many other industries.

RESOURCE OF INDIA
1.1 Natural Resources-Land (Soil), Water
Very Short Type Questions
Q.1. What is meant by soil erosion ? (MP 2014)
Ans. Draining of soil due to running of water or wind is called soil erosion. Soil erosion is serious problem which not only affects lands but also human beings.

Q.2. What do you understand by 'Soil Conservation' ?  (MP 2014,15)
Ans. Prevention of soil erosion or depletion  is called soil conservation.

Q.3. What are the reasons of soil erosion ?  (MP 2014,15)
Ans. Reasons of soil erosion: 
(i) Wind erosion, (ii) deforestation, (iii) Agriculture by non-scientific method, (iv) Over grazing.

Q.4. What are the different factors which help in formation of soil ? (MP 2014) 
Ans. The different factors which help in formation of soil: 
(1) Parents rocks and topography, (2) climatic conditions, (3) plants, animal and their remains.


Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is the importance of soil in human life ? Explain.(MP 2017) 
Ans. Soil is the very important for human life, specially for farmers. Human life depends on soil. All living organisms get their own food directly or indirectly from soil. Human life depends on soil. We get cotton, silk, jute for making clothes from soil, either directly or indirectly. In india may houses are built of soil. Our industries, agriculture and forest based industries all depend on soil. So soil is the basis of our life.

Q.2. Write the measure to conserve the water.(MP 2009 Set C, 16) 
Ans. The following are the measure to conserve the water:
(1) To store the rain-water. (2) To save water from water pollution. (3) To stop the flow of rain water. (4) To have scientific management of all the source of water. (5) To implement the rules for commercial use of water. (6) To make people aware about the economical use of water.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What are the various source of water ? 
Ans. Following are the source of water resources:
(1) Surface water: Water of rivers, lakes and surface water of small and big reserviors is known as surface water. The main source of surface water is rivers, lakes, tanks etc.
(2) Underground water (MP 2017) : Some part of rain water is dissolve by underground area. The water which goes inside the earth is called underground water. This water is stored underground in rocks.
(3) Atmosphere water: This water is present in atmosphere in the form of water vapour. So it is not use directly by us.
(4) Oceanic water: Water which is found in ocean is called oceanic water. It is the biggest source of water.

Q.2. Write six characteristics of desert soil. Where it is found ? (MP 2012) 
Ans. Desert soil: This soil is deposited from Rann of Kutch in the western dry region by south west monsoon. It is found in the dry regions especially western Rajasthan, Gujarat, Southern Punjab, Southern Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.
             Characteristics : 
(1) This soil consists of coarse sand particles.
(2) It contains a large amount of soluble salt content.
(3) Moisture and humus is low but irrigation makes it fertile.
(4) Wheat, sugar, cane, cotton, jowar, bajra and vegetables are grown in this soil.
(5) Due to lack of irrigation facilities it becomes waste land.
(6) It is found in dry regions.

1.2 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Why is the conservation of forest important ? why should we check destruction of forest ? 
   or 
Why are forests necessary for preservation of ecological balance ?
   or
Write six direct benefits from forest. (mp 1993, 2000, 2002, 12, 05, 17)
Ans. There are many direct or indirect advantages of forest. Forest are our national wealth. Because of this, our standard of living is raised. In our country, good forests are much more restricted in extent.
       For the ecological balance, in our country 33% area should be covered by forest. But only 23% of total area is covered by forest.
     Reasons for checking the destruction : Following are the reasons for checking destruction of forests :
(i) To check the environmental pollution, 
(ii) To get the production of forests, 
(iii) To keep the equilibrium or purity of climate,
(iv) To control the flood and to check soil erosion,
(v) To conserve wildlife and to develop tourism,
(vi) To maintain the ecological balance in the environment, 
(vii) In the atmosphere the amount of carbon dioxide is increasing. So, the temperature of the atmosphere is also going on increasing. if the temperature is constantly  increasing, it is believed that ice in the polar region will melt. So, it is necessary to conserve the forests.

Q.2. Write the short note on conservation of wildlife. (MP 1998, 2007, 15)
Ans. Conservation of wildlife : India has an extreme variety of animal kingdom, nut with the cutting down of forests the animal species being abolished day by day. For these reasons special efforts are being made to preserve endangered species of wildlife, time to time census is done to know about the animal population. To control it the government of India formed national wildlife sanctuary in 1983. There are 13 zones in total. In 1986 first reserve was situated at Nilgiri, again in 1988 another reserve was opened at Nanda Devi in U.P., Nokrek in Meghalaya was the third reserve. Fourth was established in Andaman and Nicobar islands. Now the country has 63 national parks, 358 wildlife sanctuaries and 35 zoological gardens covering 1,30,000 sq km.

Q.3. Write down the chief characteristics of the forest policy of December 1988.
Ans. The chief characteristics of the forest forest policy of December 1988 :
1. Check on soil erosion and denudation in catchment area of river, lakes and reservoirs.
2. Increase in productivity of forest to meet the national need.
3. Steps to create massive movement with involvement of women to achieve the objective and minimise pressure on existing forests. 
4. Maintenance of environmental stability through preservation and restoration of ecological balance.

1.3 Agriculture
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is White Revolution ? (mp 2016)
Ans. White revolution is closely related to animal rearing. White revolution means increase in milk production with help of dairy development programmes in rural areas. This is also known as operation flood.

Q.2. What are the provisions of Horticulture Development Programme ? (MP 2017)
Ans.  Following are the provisions of Horticulture Development Programme: 
(1) To established bank for plants cuttings to increase the production of quality plant and fulfil its demand.
(2) To increase the production and productivity of horticulture crops. 
(3) For testing soil and leaves facilities of laboratories nurseries, pali house and green house has to be increased.
(4) Production of high quality horticulture crops has to be increased for export.
(5) Production of high quality hybrid products.


Q.3. What is Pink revolution ? (MP 2017)
Ans. Natural minerals and vitamins play an important role to enhance resistance capacity in the body.  Emphasis is given on growing fruits in tropical and temperate climate such as apple, mango, banana, cashewnut, orange, etc. using the soil and varied climate of our country, this is named as pink revolution.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Write a note on  green revolution. (MP 2015)
Ans. Green revolution is most important agriculture planing by which reformation measures have been taken for development of agriculture. The break through that we have achieved in t5hye production of wheat is called 'Green Revolution'. Large-scale production coupled with commercial nature of agriculture is the main and significant characteristics of green revolution. The Revolution has been brought about by bringing more and more land under farming and using a new as well as scientific techniques of farming. Chemical fertilizers, good quality of seeds. manures and assured irrigation facilities are provide to farmers.
           The credit goes to Indian scientist who developed several high yielding qualities with the assistance of Mr. Burglow an American Agronomist.


1.4. Mineral and Power Resources
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Write any two uses of mica. (MP 2016)
Ans. The two uses of mica:
(1) Medicine: Mica is used to make medicines.
(2) Electricity: Mica is also used in telephone radio industry.

Q.2. Name the renewable and non-renewable source of power. (MP 2014)
Ans. Renewable source of power are : Coal, mineral oil, Natural gas and hydro electricity.
        Non-renewable source of power are: Solar energy, air, geo-thermal energy, tidal energy.

Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. "Madhya Pradesh is known as basket of minerals". Justify this statement. (MP 2010)
Ans. Madhya Pradesh is considered rich in minerals wealth. It is an important area for the production of not only manganese, bauxite and coal but also is at the first place in India regarding diamond production.
        Nearly twenty one minerals are produced in the state. the state is at first place in diamond, limestone, copper and slate production. It is second place in the production of calcite, laterite and rock phosphate.
        Therefore " Madhya Pradesh is known as basket of minerals".

Q.2. 'Chota Nagpur plateau is known as the mineral wonder by the world" Why is it so ? Explain.(MP 2010)
Ans. Chota Nagpur plateau is rich in mineral deposits and is known as mineral wonder of the world. India's 40% minerals are found here. It is in the south of Bihar ( presently in Jharkhand ) and is spread up to Orissa and West Bengal which lies in Central India.
     Whole Chota Nagpur plateau is made of hard rocks, it is the storehouse of metallic minerals. There are mines of iron ore in Bihar and Orissa. Manganese, bauxite, mica, copper and limestone etc. are also found here.

Q.3. What is internet ?     (MP 2014)
Ans. Internet is the short form of the word International Network with the help of this service a person can see an event happening in any country. Contact person and get desired information and data can be obtained through lakhs of computer information centers in one's own language.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is the importance of minerals ? (MP 2017) 
Ans. Following is the importance of minerals:
(1) Minerals are the basis of modern industrial development.
(2) Machines in the industries, ships, high building, weapons, coins and other metallic things are made from minerals.
(3) They are the basis of industrial development.
(4) They are the base of many-many other industries.

RESOURCE OF INDIA
1.1 Natural Resources-Land (Soil), Water
Very Short Type Questions
Q.1. What is meant by soil erosion ? (MP 2014)
Ans. Draining of soil due to running of water or wind is called soil erosion. Soil erosion is serious problem which not only affects lands but also human beings.

Q.2. What do you understand by 'Soil Conservation' ?  (MP 2014,15)
Ans. Prevention of soil erosion or depletion  is called soil conservation.

Q.3. What are the reasons of soil erosion ?  (MP 2014,15)
Ans. Reasons of soil erosion: 
(i) Wind erosion, (ii) deforestation, (iii) Agriculture by non-scientific method, (iv) Over grazing.

Q.4. What are the different factors which help in formation of soil ? (MP 2014) 
Ans. The different factors which help in formation of soil: 
(1) Parents rocks and topography, (2) climatic conditions, (3) plants, animal and their remains.


Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is the importance of soil in human life ? Explain.(MP 2017) 
Ans. Soil is the very important for human life, specially for farmers. Human life depends on soil. All living organisms get their own food directly or indirectly from soil. Human life depends on soil. We get cotton, silk, jute for making clothes from soil, either directly or indirectly. In india may houses are built of soil. Our industries, agriculture and forest based industries all depend on soil. So soil is the basis of our life.

Q.2. Write the measure to conserve the water.(MP 2009 Set C, 16) 
Ans. The following are the measure to conserve the water:
(1) To store the rain-water. (2) To save water from water pollution. (3) To stop the flow of rain water. (4) To have scientific management of all the source of water. (5) To implement the rules for commercial use of water. (6) To make people aware about the economical use of water.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What are the various source of water ? 
Ans. Following are the source of water resources:
(1) Surface water: Water of rivers, lakes and surface water of small and big reserviors is known as surface water. The main source of surface water is rivers, lakes, tanks etc.
(2) Underground water (MP 2017) : Some part of rain water is dissolve by underground area. The water which goes inside the earth is called underground water. This water is stored underground in rocks.
(3) Atmosphere water: This water is present in atmosphere in the form of water vapour. So it is not use directly by us.
(4) Oceanic water: Water which is found in ocean is called oceanic water. It is the biggest source of water.

Q.2. Write six characteristics of desert soil. Where it is found ? (MP 2012) 
Ans. Desert soil: This soil is deposited from Rann of Kutch in the western dry region by south west monsoon. It is found in the dry regions especially western Rajasthan, Gujarat, Southern Punjab, Southern Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.
             Characteristics : 
(1) This soil consists of coarse sand particles.
(2) It contains a large amount of soluble salt content.
(3) Moisture and humus is low but irrigation makes it fertile.
(4) Wheat, sugar, cane, cotton, jowar, bajra and vegetables are grown in this soil.
(5) Due to lack of irrigation facilities it becomes waste land.
(6) It is found in dry regions.

1.2 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Why is the conservation of forest important ? why should we check destruction of forest ? 
   or 
Why are forests necessary for preservation of ecological balance ?
   or
Write six direct benefits from forest. (mp 1993, 2000, 2002, 12, 05, 17)
Ans. There are many direct or indirect advantages of forest. Forest are our national wealth. Because of this, our standard of living is raised. In our country, good forests are much more restricted in extent.
       For the ecological balance, in our country 33% area should be covered by forest. But only 23% of total area is covered by forest.
     Reasons for checking the destruction : Following are the reasons for checking destruction of forests :
(i) To check the environmental pollution, 
(ii) To get the production of forests, 
(iii) To keep the equilibrium or purity of climate,
(iv) To control the flood and to check soil erosion,
(v) To conserve wildlife and to develop tourism,
(vi) To maintain the ecological balance in the environment, 
(vii) In the atmosphere the amount of carbon dioxide is increasing. So, the temperature of the atmosphere is also going on increasing. if the temperature is constantly  increasing, it is believed that ice in the polar region will melt. So, it is necessary to conserve the forests.

Q.2. Write the short note on conservation of wildlife. (MP 1998, 2007, 15)
Ans. Conservation of wildlife : India has an extreme variety of animal kingdom, nut with the cutting down of forests the animal species being abolished day by day. For these reasons special efforts are being made to preserve endangered species of wildlife, time to time census is done to know about the animal population. To control it the government of India formed national wildlife sanctuary in 1983. There are 13 zones in total. In 1986 first reserve was situated at Nilgiri, again in 1988 another reserve was opened at Nanda Devi in U.P., Nokrek in Meghalaya was the third reserve. Fourth was established in Andaman and Nicobar islands. Now the country has 63 national parks, 358 wildlife sanctuaries and 35 zoological gardens covering 1,30,000 sq km.

Q.3. Write down the chief characteristics of the forest policy of December 1988.
Ans. The chief characteristics of the forest forest policy of December 1988 :
1. Check on soil erosion and denudation in catchment area of river, lakes and reservoirs.
2. Increase in productivity of forest to meet the national need.
3. Steps to create massive movement with involvement of women to achieve the objective and minimise pressure on existing forests. 
4. Maintenance of environmental stability through preservation and restoration of ecological balance.

1.3 Agriculture
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is White Revolution ? (mp 2016)
Ans. White revolution is closely related to animal rearing. White revolution means increase in milk production with help of dairy development programmes in rural areas. This is also known as operation flood.

Q.2. What are the provisions of Horticulture Development Programme ? (MP 2017)
Ans.  Following are the provisions of Horticulture Development Programme: 
(1) To established bank for plants cuttings to increase the production of quality plant and fulfil its demand.
(2) To increase the production and productivity of horticulture crops. 
(3) For testing soil and leaves facilities of laboratories nurseries, pali house and green house has to be increased.
(4) Production of high quality horticulture crops has to be increased for export.
(5) Production of high quality hybrid products.


Q.3. What is Pink revolution ? (MP 2017)
Ans. Natural minerals and vitamins play an important role to enhance resistance capacity in the body.  Emphasis is given on growing fruits in tropical and temperate climate such as apple, mango, banana, cashewnut, orange, etc. using the soil and varied climate of our country, this is named as pink revolution.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Write a note on  green revolution. (MP 2015)
Ans. Green revolution is most important agriculture planing by which reformation measures have been taken for development of agriculture. The break through that we have achieved in t5hye production of wheat is called 'Green Revolution'. Large-scale production coupled with commercial nature of agriculture is the main and significant characteristics of green revolution. The Revolution has been brought about by bringing more and more land under farming and using a new as well as scientific techniques of farming. Chemical fertilizers, good quality of seeds. manures and assured irrigation facilities are provide to farmers.
           The credit goes to Indian scientist who developed several high yielding qualities with the assistance of Mr. Burglow an American Agronomist.


1.4. Mineral and Power Resources
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Write any two uses of mica. (MP 2016)
Ans. The two uses of mica:
(1) Medicine: Mica is used to make medicines.
(2) Electricity: Mica is also used in telephone radio industry.

Q.2. Name the renewable and non-renewable source of power. (MP 2014)
Ans. Renewable source of power are : Coal, mineral oil, Natural gas and hydro electricity.
        Non-renewable source of power are: Solar energy, air, geo-thermal energy, tidal energy.

Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. "Madhya Pradesh is known as basket of minerals". Justify this statement. (MP 2010)
Ans. Madhya Pradesh is considered rich in minerals wealth. It is an important area for the production of not only manganese, bauxite and coal but also is at the first place in India regarding diamond production.
        Nearly twenty one minerals are produced in the state. the state is at first place in diamond, limestone, copper and slate production. It is second place in the production of calcite, laterite and rock phosphate.
        Therefore " Madhya Pradesh is known as basket of minerals".

Q.2. 'Chota Nagpur plateau is known as the mineral wonder by the world" Why is it so ? Explain.(MP 2010)
Ans. Chota Nagpur plateau is rich in mineral deposits and is known as mineral wonder of the world. India's 40% minerals are found here. It is in the south of Bihar ( presently in Jharkhand ) and is spread up to Orissa and West Bengal which lies in Central India.
     Whole Chota Nagpur plateau is made of hard rocks, it is the storehouse of metallic minerals. There are mines of iron ore in Bihar and Orissa. Manganese, bauxite, mica, copper and limestone etc. are also found here.

Q.3. What is internet ?     (MP 2014)
Ans. Internet is the short form of the word International Network with the help of this service a person can see an event happening in any country. Contact person and get desired information and data can be obtained through lakhs of computer information centers in one's own language.

Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. What is the importance of minerals ? (MP 2017) 
Ans. Following is the importance of minerals:
(1) Minerals are the basis of modern industrial development.
(2) Machines in the industries, ships, high building, weapons, coins and other metallic things are made from minerals.
(3) They are the basis of industrial development.
(4) They are the base of many-many other industries.

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