CHAPTER 1 GOODWILL
Q.1. Write the significance of the title 'Goodwill'.(IMP)
Ans. Goodwill means pious conscience. A pure mind derives pleasure by doing noble deeds. It does so without any selfish intentions. It serves others who are in distress and gains pleasure by doing so. The sun and the moon bestow their bounty on all equally. Similarly a man of goodwill serves others without any discrimination. Such a person is the Gem of God's creation.

, Q.2. What is the central  idea of 'Goodwill'? (IMP)
Ans. 'Goodwill' means the 'will' that guides the 'Mind' (Jivatma) to do only that, what is good. One who is guided by the divine essence always does noble deeds. He always observes rituals and works selflessly. Goodwill also indicates towards a saintly mind. A good willed person never hopes for a reward or return of his deeds. He feels happy at the gains of others. He is a noble creation of God. His fleshly desires are always controlled by his mind.

                         
CHAPTER 2 THE HAPPY PRINCE
Q.1 What was the statue of the Happy Prince adorned with ? (MP 2014)
Ans. The statue of the Happy Prince was adorned with thin leaves of fine gold. He had two bright sapphires for his eyes and a large red ruby was shining on the handle of his sword. 

Q.2. How was the Swallow instrumental in Lessening the miseries of the people ? (MP 2011, 12)
Ans. The happy prince was able to see the miseries of the people and wanted to help them. But since he was just a statue he could not budge from his palace. The Swallow helped him to make his gift reach to the people whom he wanted to give . He gave the ruby to seamstress, sapphires to the play writer and the match girl. The Swallow also gave the golden leaves of the Happy Prince to the poor and miserable people. In this way the Swallow was instrumental in lessening the miseries of the people.

Q.3. Did the Swallow go to Egypt ? Give reasons. (MP 2009, 16)
Ans. No,the Swallow saw did not go to Egypt. He had decided to stay with the Happy Princes for ever because, he gone blind. He would not leave the Happy Prince out of his deep love and regard for him. Moreover he lost his strength to fly and died at feet of the Happy Prince.

Q.4. To whom did the Happy Prince give the ruby and why ?(MP 2013)
Ans. There was a seamstress, for away in the little street. Her little son lay ill in the bed. He was suffering from fever. He was asking for oranges. He was crying because his mother could not afford to give him anything but river water. Therefore, the Happy Prince gave her the ruby.

Q.5. What happened to the statue of Happy Prince at last ?  (MP 2017) 
Ans. The mayor and the town councillors pulled down the statue of Happy Prince. They decided to melt in the furnace. But the broken lead heart did not melt in the furnace and it was thrown in a dust heap along with the dead swallow.

Q.6. What were the Happy Prince's eyes made of ? What did he do with them ? (MP 2015)
Ans. The Happy Prince's eyes were made of two bright sapphires. He gave one of the sapphires to the play wright who was feeling cold and hungry and was not able to write the play. He gave the second sapphires to a little match girl who was crying for her matches which fell into the gutter.



CHAPTER 3 OF EXPENSE
Q.1. Sum up the salutary rules for expenditure suggested by Bacon.(imp)
Ans. Bacon suggests that we should be discreet in spending. We should spend only a fixed part of our income. We should not rely on our servants and employees. A balance in income and expenditure should be maintained. These are the salutary rules suggested by Bacon.

Q.2. What does Bacon want to convey when he says, 'To turn all the certainties'. (MP 2018) 
Ans. Bacon instructs the readers to curtail their ordinary expenses. They must not spend more that half of their earnings. They should not rely on their servants and employees because they would bring or buy sorrow and uncertainty. They should be certain their indiscreet spending might not prove painful to them.

Q.3. Distinguish between ordinary and extraordinary expenses in the light of the views expressed by Bacon.(imp mp 2016)
Ans. Ordinary expenses are normal, routine and unavailable. They can be calculated in advance. Extraordinary expenses are casual and cannot be foreseen. They are related to medicines, guest, fashion etc.

Q.4. How should riches be spent and husbanded to the best advantage ? Support your answer with textual references.(imp)
Ans. Riches are meant for spending. It should be spent wisely to earn honour. We should not depend on servants in managing our financial matters. Only a fixed portion of our income should be spent. There should be a proper balance between ordinary and extraordinary expense. If something needs more expense, economy should be kept on some other item to balance the excess of expenditure. Thus, a person should be prudent enough in spending money.


CHAPTER 4 TO THE CUCKOO
Q.1. How does the earth appear to the poet after hearing the cuckoo's voice ? (imp)
Ans. After hearing the cuckoo's voice, the earth that appeared substantial and physicals to the poet, now appeared unreal like fairy land.

Q.2. What did the cuckoo make the poet do during his school days ?(v..imp)
Ans. During his school days, enchanted by the cuckooCHAPTER 's song and driven by the desire to see the bird, his poet used to wander through woods and plains to seek her.

Q.3. What does the poet seek to convey in the lines 'Thrice welcome............ a mystery' ? ( V.IMP)
Ans. In these lines the poet says that he enjoys the song of the bird but since he is not able to see it, the bird appears quiet mysterious to him. He feels that the bird is some divine creature that sings, remaining invisible. He expresses in these lines, that the cuckoo is a divine thing.

Q.4. Describe the various ways in which the poet addresses the cuckoo in the poem.  (imp)
Ans. The poet addresses the cuckoo in the following different ways : (i) A Blithe Newcomer. (ii) A wandering voice (iii) Darling of spring (iv) An invisible thing (v) A mystery (vi) A blessed bird.



CHAPTER 5 REFUND
Q.1. On what ground was Wasserkopf awarded 'excellent' in physical culture ? (MP 2015)
Ans. When Wasserkopf  refused to sit on a chair, the mathematics teacher interpreted it that since he wanted to face the oral examination by remaining in the standing position. Due to this Wasserkopf was awarded 'excellent' in physical culture.

Q.2. How far is aa school or educational institution accountable for the future of its students ? Support your answer with the arguments give in the play.  (MP 2015, 17)
Ans. Students are send to school by parents for earning knowledge. Teachers are expected to teach the students with the best possible efforts. The teachers teach them equally but all the students get different marks. Thus, the success or failure depends on the hard work of students and their sincerity and also upon the background from where they come. Thus, the educational institute is not responsible for the failure of any students. It is the duty of the educational institute to impart knowledge and it is the responsibility of the students to gain and store it diligently to secure their future.

Q.3.How did the mathematics teacher prove that he was more shrewed than the from pupil ?(MP 2013, 18)
Ans. Since, Wasserkopf did not want to take written examination, the mathematics teacher allowed him to oral re-examination. He asked him only two questions. One was difficult and the other was easy. He could answer only one question correctly. On the basis of that answer he declared him pass and awarded him excellent marks. In this way he proved himself more shrew than Wasserkopf.

Q.4. How did the three masters shatter Wasseerkopf's plan to get the refund ? (MP 2011, 16, 19)
Ans. The mathematics teacher suggested all the teachers to award him good marks. The History, Geography and Physics teachers asked Wasserkopf very easy questions and he answered all the questions wrongly. It was the condition that if his answer wrong he would be refunded the fees. But the teachers awarded him excellent marks, justifying his answers. The awarded him the certificate of passing. Because of his the fees could not be refunded to him. Thus, these three masters shattered his plan to get the refund.

Q.5. Why did the mathematics teacher want to prevent Wasserkopf from failing ? (imp)
Ans. The mathematics teacher wanted to prevent Wasserkopf from failing because if he failed the school would have to refund his fees.



CHAPTER 6 TWO GENTLEMEN OF VERONA
Q.1. Why were the author and his companion strangely attracted to the boys? (MP 2014)
Ans. The two boys were wearing worn out and ill-sized clothes. The author and his companion gazed at their little figures. They had brown skins, tangled hair and dark earnest eyes. Therefore, they felt strangely attracted to them.

Q.2. What did the author see when he looked through the glass partition ? (MP 2015)
Ans. The nurse made the author look through the glass partition. The author saw the boys seated at the bedside of a girl of about twenty and chatting with her.

 Q.3. How did the war effect the family of the two boys ? (MP 2015)
Ans. The war effected them badly. Their father, a well known singer had been killed in the war. A bomb destroyed their home. It had thrown the two boys and their sister into the streets. They suffered starvation and bitter cold weather. 

Q.4. Why did the author refuse to go into Lucia's room ? (MP 2009)
Ans. The author felt that he should not interfere with the happy family party. Both the brothers were sitting at the bedside of the girl. She was listening to their chattering with sisterly love. Therefore, he refused to go into Lucia's room.

 Q.5. Write the story of 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' in 70-80 words.(MP 2013)
Ans. Nicola, Jacopo and their sister belonged to a cultured family. War took their father's life. Their sister was suffering from tuberculosis of the spine. They get her admitted to a hospital 30 kilometer away . They worked day and night. They earned quite little. They spent least money over food and clothing. They saved money for their sister's treatment. They hired bicycles and went every sunday to see and look after their sister in the hospital. The author felt strange attraction for the boys and helped them in all possible ways. The author, even after knowing about their secret, did not reveal anything or make any enquiry from the boys but was moved by their action and humanity.



CHAPTER 7 REPORT OF AN ADJUDGED CASE
Q.1. What were the arguments given by the lawyer in favour of the nose as the owner of the spectacles ?
Ans. The lawyer gave the following argument in favour of the nose as the owner of the spectacles. 
(i) The nose had been wearing the spectacles since times immemorial, (ii) The spectacles with their straddle are fitted on the nose, (iii) Any face without a nose cannot wear spectacles.

Q.2. In whose favour did the judge decide the case and how did he do so ? 
Ans. The judge decided the case in favour of the nose. He considered the tongue's arguments in favour of the eyes as less wise. He advised that eyes should be shut whenever the nose put his spectacles on.



CHAPTER 8 WHAT IS CULTURE
Q.1. What are the thins that affected the culture India in the old days ? (MP 2016)
Ans. Culture is usually affected by geography, climate and soil. The Himalayas, the forests, the great rivers of India and a host of other things affected the culture of India in the old days. It was also affected by architecture, music and literature.

Q.2. How does Nehru compare the growth of culture with the growth of a tree ? (MP 2012)
Ans. According to Nehru, the individual human being or a race or nation must have a certain depth and certain roots somewhere. They have worth because of their roots in the past. It comprises of experience and wisdom. An individual or a group useless without them. However, one cannot live in roots alone. The roots need the sun and the free air. Then alone can the roots give us sustenance. No branching out or flowering ( blossom) is possible without their combination. Only a stout root can sustain leaves, flowers and branches. In the same manner, past experience and wisdom sustain culture.

Q.3. Summarise the views expressed by the author on Nationalism. (MP 2012)
Ans. According to Pt. Nehru, nationalism is a curios phenomenon. Sometimes, it gives life, growth, strength and unity to the country's history. It restricted a human being's thinking to the welfare of his own nation. He excludes the thoughts of all others. The concept of growth fades in his mind. When nationalism becomes aggressive, it becomes dangerous for internationalism. It turns the noble culture into revengeful and helpful culture. It also breeds conflict. National culture should be balanced so that normal essentials of life are provided to all the human beings. One should rise above narrow nationalism and adopt cosmopolitanism as his way of life.

Q.4. How did author compare the growth of culture with the growth of a tree ? (MP 2017)
Ans. The author compares the growth of culture with the growth of a tree because every individual or nation must have certain depth or roots. The culture is related to experience and wisdom of the past. As the roots of the tree needs Sunshine, fresh air and water to flourish. Similarly, even culture depends on individuals, groups, races and their past experiences and wisdom to flourish.

Q.5. Why does the author say that knowledge by itself doesn't lead to greater cooperation or friendship ? (imp)
Ans. They author has read or seen adjoining countries rubbing one another illegally. They have thorough understanding of one another. Therefore, he says that knowledge by itself doesn't lead to greater co-operation or friendship.



CHAPTER 9 POEM IF 
Q.1. How does the poet want his son to react to loss ? (imp)
Ans. The poet wants his son to bear his cool headedly. He should not highlights his loss in public. He behaves in the proverb 'weep and weep alone'  Nobody wipes the tears of a loser.

Q.2. How does the poet want his son to deal with crowds, king and commoners ? (MP 2011)
Ans. The poet wants that his son should keep his virtue while talking to the crowds. He should be aware of his position in society while he walks with a king. He should not attach himself with commoners.

Q.3. 'If' is a poem with a clear cut moral message." Explain. (MP 2010)
Ans. 'If' gives a clearcut message which resembles the message of the Gita. One should be like a lotus which lives in water but is not affected by it man should be neutral. Loss and gain, friendship and enmity should neither affect nor infect him. He should neither be elated in prosperity nor depressed in adversity. He should trust the voice of his con-science. He should not show himself off. He should keep his cool amidst uproar. He should be self-sacrificing.

Q.4. "If you can dream and not make dreams your master." Discuss with reference to the dreams of modern youth. (MP 2010) 
Ans. A sound body alone sleeps soundly and views dreams. However, dreams are neither real nor reliable. He, who is guided by dreams is misguided. He loses both his present and his future. The modern youths are very dreamy. They aspire to grow rich and earn fame over night. They  aspire to build a good body and have a sound mind. They desire to get a good wife and a lofty career. They spend beyond their capacity to achieve them and lose their precious time, normal health and hard earned money. They also lose their cool and get shaken. Dreams leave them frustrated and worthless.



CHAPTER 10 THE LAST LEAF
Q.1. What did the doctor say about johnsy's  illness ?(imp)
Ans. Johnsy wanted to paint the Bay of Naples some day.

Q.2. How did johnsy associate her life the falling ivy leaves ? (MP 2017)
Ans. In front of johnsy's window there was a wall. A creeper was climbing on it. Leaves were falling from it one by one. Johnsy associated her life with the falling ivy leaves. She thought she would die with the falling of the last ivy leaf. 

Q.3. How did Sue earn her livelihood ? (MP 2015)
Ans. Sue was an artist. She draw pictures which illustrated magazine stories. In this way, she earned her livelihood like all other young artists.

Q.4. Why did Sue go to meet old Behrman ? (MP 2013)
Ans. Sue had failed  to receive the will to live in johnsy. She began to prepare herself for death her only one leaf was left on the ivy. Sue thought of a plan to save the life of her friend. Therefore, She went to meet old Behrman.

Q.5. Why did the last leaf not fall ? (imp)
Ans. The last ivy leaf had fallen during the night when it was raining and johnsy was sleeping. Just then, Behrman painted a leaf in green colour. It looked exactly like the real leaf. It did not fall because it was painted on the wall.

Q.6. What was the significance of the last leaf in the life of johnsy ? (IMP)
Ans. Long illness made johnsy's life morbid. She kept watching the falling ivy leaves on the front wall through the window. She developed a silly superstition. She declared that she would surely die the moment the last leaf fell down from the vine. Her condition got from bad to worse with the fall of every leaf. She prepared herself to die when only one leaf was left. Then she fell asleep. Sue got a leaf painted by Behrman. The leaf kept sticking to the wall. Johnsy's will to lived revived. Thus, the last leaf was very significant in Johnsy's life.



CHAPTER 11 Poem MENDING WALL
Q.1. Explain :
       " I could say 'elves' to him, 
        But its not elves exactly and I'd rather he said it for himself." (IMP)
Ans. The poet thinks that 'elves' dont't love a wall, Rather they want it pulled down. But the next moment he says. "It is not 'elves' exactly." He is not certain who or what it could be. The poet wishes that his neighbour too like himself had no love of walls and fences. 

Q.2. What notion in regard to building a wall does Robert Frost seek to put into his neighbour's head and how does his neighbour react to it ? (IMP)
Ans. Robert frost seek to put the notion into his neighbour's head. It is that there should be no walls where they don't serve any useful purpose. The frozen-ground-swell spills the stone. Hunters also break down the walls. The poets apple trees will never get across his orchard and eat the cones under his neighbour's pine trees. There were no cows to enter the neighbour's fields and destroy his crops. The neighbour's does not react favourably. He stics to his decision and says 'Good fences make good neighbours'. Good fences check encroachment and trespassing which are the root cause behind quarrels and fights.

Q.3. Why do hunters mark gaps in the wall between the land holdings of the poet and his neighbour ? (Imp)
Ans. There is a wall between the land holdings of the poet and his neighbour. The hunters keep dogs with them. The dogs start yelping to tell the hunters where the rabbit is hiding. The hunters make gaps in the wall to pull the rabbit out of its hiding places under the wall. 



CHAPTER 12 THE PIE AND THE TART
Q.1. What reason did Gaultier give for not giving alms to pierre ?  (IMP) (MP 2012)
Ans. Pierre bigged alms of Gaultueir. Gaultier asked pierre to go away. He told him that he had got nothing for him. Moreover his wife was away and he was busy.

Q.2. Gaultier told Marion the way to identify the right messenger. What was it ? (IMP)
Ans. Gaultier told that the messenger will kiss her (Marion's ) hand while asking for the eel pie. That will be the sign for her to judge that the person is genuine.

Q.3. Describe how jean and pierre managed to get the pie. (IMP) (MP 2010, 11, 13, 17)
Ans. Pierre and Jean were two thugs of Paris. Both of them were suffering from cold as well as hunger. Pierre knocks on the cake shop door. He begs for alms. The cake shop owner Gaultier turns him away. Jean also meets the same fate. Jean sits outside on the bench. Gaultier goes to dine with Mayor. He told his wife Marion to give the eel pie to messenger. The messenger would kiss her hand. Jean overheard the couple's talk. He sent Pierre as the messenger. Pierre asked to kiss Marion's hand and messenger to get the pie.

Q.4. Which was harder to get, the pie or the tart ? Why ? (MP 2014)
Ans. The tart was harder to get because after coming from the mayor's place Gaultier became aware of the cheat by jean. He gave jean a sound beating. Gaultier also grabbed Pierre with the collar. Pierre had to do something to escape the ire of Gaultier. He made a false story and pleased him. Gaultier gave him the tart which was harder to get, for their theft was detected.



CHAPTER 13 THREE DAYS TO USE
Q.1. Mention the things of interest that Hellen found through tactile sense. (IMP)
Ans. Hellen felt the delicate symmetry of a leaf the smooth skin of a silver birch or the rough bark of a pine. She would touch the branches of trees to search for a bud in spring. She would feel the happy quiver of a bird. She found all these things of interest through tactile sense. 

Q.2. Why would Hellen like to see in the eyes of her teacher ? (MP 2014, 17) 
Ans. Hellen would like to see strength of character in her teacher's eyes. It had enable her to stand firm during difficulties. She would also view her compassion for humanity.

Q.3. What are the things Hellen is eager to see in New York ? (MP 2011)
Ans. Hellen was eager to see New York. She would see the busy schedule of the people there. People in large groups went there on their works. No other city is full of as many activities and conditions of men as New York. The city looks like heaven. The glittering spires and splendid buildings grant New York a heavenly sight. She would show her emotion towards the people's smiling determined and  suffering faces.

Q.4. Hellen keller says that if she were given the chance to see the word for three days. She would fulfill some of her keenest desires. What were her three keenest desires ? (MP 2016)
Ans. Hellen keller had got blind when when see was under two years. She touched the things of her interest with her hand. However, she was not mentally satisfied. She longed to see everything with her own eyes. For this, she wanted her eyes restored for three days. She made plan to see various object of nature during those three days. On the first day, she would like to see those persons who made her life worth living. These persons are very significant for her because they had taught her how to stand before the odds of life. On the second day, she would view the panorama of light at sunrise. She would also have a glimpse of the past and present progress of mankind. On the third day, she would like to see the revelation of beauty at down. She would see the working of people in the city and godly structures. This way she would fulfill some of her keenest desires in three days.

Q.5. What is Hellen Keller's advice to those who would make full use of their senses ? (MP 2018)
Ans. Hellen Keller is of the view that the world is full of varieties. They can cater to the needs of all the sense. Nature is full of charming sight which provide pleasure to eyes. The people her should hear the music of voices, the songs of birds and the mighty strains of orchestra. The world is full of items which the mind longs to be touched by the hands. 'Touch-me-not' might be an exception. Don't be immoral while touching a thing smell the perfume of flowers and various scents. They should taste everything worth tasting. Hellen desired that men with senses must make full use of them.


CHAPTER 14 Poem LAKE ISLE OF INNISFREE
Q.1. How does the poet hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore in the lake isle of innisfree ? (imp) 
Ans. Sometimes the poet far away from Innisfree. He is standing on the roadside or on the pavement. Even then he hears in the core of his heart the low sounds of lake water lapping with the shore in the lake isle of innisfree.

Q.2. How does peace come to the poet in the lake isle of Innisfree ? (IMP)
Ans. At dawn, the poet will hear cricket's song. He would hear the song of the linnets flying all around in the evening. He would view the star glimmering in the sky at midnight. All  these beauties of nature would bring him peace of mind.



CHAPTER 15 JOURNEY OF THE ATLANTIC ON A PAPYRUS BOAT
 Q.1. What difficulty did Heyerdahl have with the tribals ? How did he overcome it ? ( imp) 
Ans.  The tribals not understand Heyerdahl language. But a tribal named Abdullah know the French and English language and acted as his interpreter.

Q.2. What advantages did the Papyrus boat have over others ? 
Ans. The other  boats were less powerful. They weak structure and were filmsy. The Papyrus boat also locked flimsy on the surface.   But it had its own advantages over the other boats. It was more powerful and stronger structure.

Q.3. Describe the launch of the papyrus boat. 
Ans. The papyrus boat was ready for the expedition. Pasha's wife launched the ship with got's milk. It was symbol of hospitality and good water.  She smashed the pitcher against the wooden cradel. She christened the ship 'Ra' to honour the sun God. The papyrus boat started on its great adventure amidst cheers.



CHAPTER 16 Poem ALL THE WORLD'S A STAGE 
Q.1. How does the soldier play his part on the stage of the world ? 
Ans. The soldier is full of strange oaths. He has a long beard like the General of the army. He is honour seeking. He does not mind quarreling. He does not going mind into mouth of the canon to achieve short living fame. 

Q.2. Why does the poet compare the school boy to a snail ? (Imp)
Ans. A snail is a type of small soft animal usually with a hard round shell on its back, which moves very slowly. The school boy is also soft and delicate. He has to carry his satchel to school. He is not willing to go to school. Therefore, he walks slowly like a snail. Therefore, the school boy is compared to a snail.

Q.3. How does the justice act out his part on the stage of the world ? 
Ans. The justice is round bellied by feeding on male chickens. He has serve looks. He plays his part on the stage of life successfully, using wise saying and modern examples. 



CHAPTER 17 THE BET
Q.1. Why did the young lawyer support imprisonment for life ? (mp 2015)
Ans. The young lawyer preferred  life imprisonment to capital punishment. His argument It's better to live some how than not to live at all. Morever, the state has no right to take away what it cannot give. 

Q.2. Why did the banker regert his action in the end of the period of agreement ? 
Ans. The banker longed to kill the lawyer in order to save himself from bankruptcy.He went the lawyer's cell with the intentions of killing him. He read the lawyer's note. He felt a great contempt for reducing the lawyer to a skeleton of bones. He started sobbing and regretted his action at the end of the period of agreement. 

Q.3. Why did the lawyer do at last ? 
Ans. At last the lawyer renounced the two million roulles which he was about to win. He felt the cell few moments before the table the sheet of paper in which two millions were renounced. He locked it up in the fireproof safe. 

Q.4. Sum of some of the activities that the prisoner  undertook in the prison. (mp 2012)
Ans. During the first year of imprisonment, the lawyer read books of light character. He also played on piano. During the fifth year he ate, drank and rest on his bed. He often talked angrily to himself. He mode note and tore all the papers up in the morning. He also wept often. In the sixth year he read at random. Sometimes he would read science but would quickly move to medicine and then to literature. He read the new testament  throughly.

Q.5. 'There is nothing more valuable than wisdom in this world.' Examine this statement in the light of the message emerging from the story. (mp 2015) 
Ans. Both banker and the lawyer were victims of ego, greed and selfishness. They were not for sighted. They were ignorant of the happening in future. The lawyer lost his youth and health and the banker become a bankrupt due to his taste for investment in stock exchange. The lawyer's dream for leading a heavenly life after wining the bet was sheerly his lack of wisdom. The banker's desire to kill the lawyer was also based on his unkindness and selfishness. It justifies the fact that 'There is nothing more valuable than wisdom in this world' Wisdom is another word forethought.


CHAPTER 18 Poem THE BRIDGE BUILDER
Q.2 Why did the old man do when he reached safely on the other side of the chasm and why did he do so ? 
Ans. The old man crossed the chasm safely. He reached the other side of the chasm. He built a bridge and spanned the tide. He did it for the sake of a young man who would follow him then.

Q.2. What is the moral conveyed by 'The Bridge Builder' ?
Ans. " The Bridge Builder" conveys the following morals :
(i) Do good and forget. 
(ii) Helps other and you will be helped.
(iii) Be generous and helpful even to the strangers.
(iv) Don't be selfish.
(v) Always act for the benefit of humanity.
(vi) Always adopt a helpful attitude towards others.
(vii) Never be miserly in helping others.
(viii) Develop your concern about the safety and welfare of others. 


CHAPTER 19 IF I WERE YOU
Q.1. Why did the Intruder go into Gerrard'shouse ?( MP 2017 )
Ans. The Intruder saw Gerrard. He looked like the Intruder and alive unknown in a lonely cottage. The Intruder went into Gerrard's house to kill him and live as Gerrard to avoid being arrested.

Q.2.What story did Gerrard knit to trap the Intruder ? (imp) ( MP 2015 )
Ans. Gerrard was a young stage artist. One day he was packing his travelling bag. Just then an Intruder entered his cottage. He had a revolver in his hand. His plan was to kill Gerrard and asume his identity. His trick was elude the police and save himself from being hanged. Gerrard told him that he had also killed a man. The police come might anytime to arrest him. Therefore, he had posted a man on the main road to for warn him. Gerrard knit this story to trap the Intruder.

Q.3. How did Gerrard finally confine the Intruder into the cupboard ? ( MP 2009, 11, 15 )
Ans. The telephone bell rang. Gerrard told the Intruder about the forewarning of the police heading towards the cottage. Gerrard open the door and asked Intruder to see the  police on the road himself. The Intruder was taken in. He leant forward to see out. Gerrard pushed him into the cupboard and slammed the door and locked it. He picked up the intruder's revolver and kept it pointed at the cupboard door.


CHAPTER 20 TEACHING IN THE TOLSTOY FARM
Q.1. What was the objective of Gandhiji in setting up tolstoy farm ? ( MP 2009 ) 
Ans. The objective of Gandhiji in setting up tolstoy farm was to find out the true system of education through his personal experience and experiment. He desired to show that true education could be imparted without textbooks through the parents without the least help from outside.

Q.2. Why did Gandhiji regard character building as as the proper foundation of education ? ( MP 2018 )
Ans. Gandhiji regard character building as the proper foundation of education. He was the firm belief that the children could learn all the other things themselves if firm foundation is lead.

Q.3. 'Schools play a vital role in forming the character of a pupil'. Examine this statement in the light of the method adopted by Gandhiji. ( MP 2016 ) 
Ans. Being the fathers (Head teacher ) of the farm, Gandhiji lived with the pupils in the farm. He checked their activities and supervised them at every moment. He aquainted them with the elements of their religion through their own scriptures. Like all schools, the tolstoy Farm also developed their spirit to build their character.

Q.4. Explain the vocational training introduced at Tolstoy Farm. ( MP 2015 )
Ans. It was Gandhiji's intention to teach some useful manual vocation to all the youngsters. Therefore, Mr. Kallenbach was sent to trappist monastery. He learn shoe making there. When he returned, Gandhiji learnt shoe making from him. Then Gandhiji taught shoe making to those youngster who were ready to learn it. Kallenbach and another inmate had some experience of carpentry. They had a small class in carpentry at Tolstoy Farm with their help. Almost all the youngster know cooking.

Q.5. How did Gandhiji create interest in his teaching ? ( MP 2009 )
Ans. Gandhji tried to create interest in his teaching by imparting vocational training. Gandhiji instead of teaching reading, writing etc, laid stress first on vocational training. He asked children to do what work their teachers did. Though literary training was also given side but vocational training created interest in children they were tought farm work and also domestic duties.

CHAPTER 21 Poem GITANJALI
Q.1. With what wish does the poet conclude the songs of Gitanjali ? 
Ans. The poet wishes to sing songs in honour of immanence and glory of God. His last wish is that he should wander all over throughout the span of his life. In the end, the jivatama should return to his eternal home that is the feet of God with reverence. This means he longs for emancipation from the cycle of birth and death.

Q.2. "Tagore uses images from Indian mythology and the world of nature to express his longing for reunion with God" Expalin.
Ans. There is myth that God cause deaths and births of human being with his own will and pleasure again and again. He carries the people high and low and makes them sing the desired tunes. Man seeks boundless joy when he is touched by God's hand. God ever showers his blessings on man. Man longs to bow with awe at God's feet as the heavy rain clouds touch the earth. He wishes to sing different tunes in honour of God out of devotion. He loves to end his journey in the eternal home that is the feet of God as the desire to return to their mountain nests at night.