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MP Board Class 12th English Chapter 20 Swami and Friends Solutions

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MP Board Class 12th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends (R.K. Narayan)

Swami and Friends  Comprehension

1. Monday Morning

A. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each:

Swami And Friends Questions Answers Chapter 20 Question 1.
Why was Swaminathan apprehensive of Mondays? Which sentence in the lesson suggests that it was a five-day week in Swaminathan’s school?

Answer:
Swami hates Mondays, for it means activity, discipline/and work after the holiday he had enjoyed on Saturday and Sunday. Monday is unpleasant for him. As Swami sits on the table in his room he finds that he had a lot of homework to do and only two hours for doing it. He feels bored and tired and is in no mood of work. The sentence in the text that suggests that it was a five-day week in Swaminathan’s school”After a delicious freedom of Saturday and Sunday it was difficult to get into the Monday mood of work and discipline.”

Swami And Friends Questions Answers Pdf Question 2.
Write about the four persons who were Swami’s friends. (M.P. Board 2015)
Answer:
Swami is a boy ten years old. He is a student of Albert Mission School, First Form (A). He is quite happy at school. His happiness results from the fact that he has got four best friends, who are Somu, Marti, Shankar and Samuel, the Pea. Later on he gets another friend, Rajam. In the company of these friends he cuts jokes, plays pranks, loafs about and also sometimes, is engaged in friendly quarrels. With Mani and Rajam his relations are personal and human; while his relations with the other three Somu, Shanker, and the Pea are scholastic and impersonal.

Question 3.
Describe Mani’s personality. (M.P. Board 2009, 2011)

Answer:
Mani is one of the closest friends of Swami. He is known as “the mighty good for nothing.” He towers head and shoulders above the other boys of the class and is admired by all. is a sort of bully and says that his strength lies in the two clubs that he has at home. He can easily break the neck of those with it who offended him. Swaminathan was proud of his friendship. While others crouched in awe, he could address him as ‘Mani’ with gusto and pat him on the back familiarly.

Question 4.
Write about Shankar’s qualities as a student.

Answer:
Shankar is another bosom friend of Swami. He is a brilliant boy of the class. He gets marks as high as ninety per cent and can answer any question put to him. However, there were some of the boys who felt that he got such high marks by flattering the teachers and by doing work for them but Swami has no doubts about his ability and considers him to be a marvel. He could speak to the teachers in English in the open class. knows the . names of all the rivers, mountains and countries in the world. He could repeat history in his sleep and grammar was a child’s play to him. His face was radiant with intelligence.

Question 5.
What were the similarities between Swaminathan and Samuel, the Pea?
(M.P. Board 2009)

Answer:
Swami’s another bosom friend was Samuel, the Pea. He was called the Pea as he was very small in size. There is nothing uncommon about him, for he is neither a good student nor physically remarkable. The only similarity between them was laughter. They were able to see together the same absurdities and incongruities in things. The most trivial and unnoticeable things to others would tickle them to death.

B. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Question 1.
Describe how Swaminathan passed Monday in his school. (M.P. Board 2016)
Answer:
Swami is a student of the First Form (Section.A). It is Monday morning,and Swami hates Mondays, for it means activity, discipline and work, after his enjoyment on Saturday and Sunday. As Swami sits on the table in his ‘room’ which is merely a table in the dressing- room of his father he finds that he has a lot of home work to do, and only two hours for doing it. He feels bored and tired, and is in no mood for work.

He reaches the class on time and we are introduced to the fire-eyed teacher Vedanayagan, the class-teacher and also arithmetic teacher. Swami does not like him and we get a taste of Narayan’s verbal humour when we are told that Swami’s “criticism of the teacher’s face was that his eyes were too near each other, that there was more hair on his chin than one saw from the bench, and that he was very very bad-looking.” All the sums done by Swami are wrong, they are crossed out, the remark ‘very bad’ is given, he is very severely pinched over his left ear, and told to go back to his seat.

Then comes the History period, and the teacher is Dr Pillai. His method of teaching is interesting, but it does not conform to any known principles of education. It is followed by the scripture period and the teacher, Ebenezar, is a fanatic Christian. He constantly criticises and abuses Hindu Gods who, for him, are merely pieces of stone.

Question 2.
Describe in short the main characteristics of each of Swami’s four friends.
(M.P. Board 2015)

Answer:
Swami is not a good student but his life at school is not entirely unhappy for he has four good friends. We get detailed pen-portraits of these friends. One of them is Somu, the monitor of the class. He was set about his business, whatever it was, with absolute confidence and calmness. He was known to be chummy even with the teachers. No teacher ever put to him a question in the class. It was believed that only
the headmaster could reprimand him. Then there is Mani, the Mighty-Good For-Nothing. He towers head and shoulders above the other boys of the class and is feared and admired by all. He is a sort of bully and says that his strength lies in the two clubs he has at home, and with which he can easily break the neck of those who offend him.

The third friend is Shankar, the most brilliant boy of the class. He gets marks as high as ninety per cent and can answer any questions that are put to him. He could speak to the teachers in English in the open class. He knew the names of all the rivers, mountains, and countries in the world. He could repeat history in his sleep. Gramihar was a child’s play to him. His face was radiant with intelligence. Swami’s fourth friend is Samuel, called the Pea, because of his small size. There is nothing uncommon about him, for he is neither a good student nor physically remarkable. The only bond between them was laughter.

2. Rajam And Mani

A. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each:

Question 1.
Who was Rajam? Why was Mani angry with him? (M.P. Board 2011,2012)
Answer:
Rajam was a new student. He was the son of the Superintendent of Police. Swami admired Rajam and was much impressed by his carefree conduct, manners, and by his brilliance as a student. On the very first day, Rajam had impressed him by his nonchalance. He dressed very well. He was the only boy in the class who wore socks and shoes, fur cap, tie and a wonderful coat and knickers. He came to the school in a car. He was a very good student too.

It was said that he had come from some English boys school somewhere in Madras. He spoke very good English, exactly like a European. He assumed a certain non chalance to which Mani was not accustomed to. If Mani was the overlord of the class, Rajam seemed to be nothing less. And add to all this the fact that Rajam was a regular seventy-percenter, second only to Shankar. These were sure indications that Rajam was the new power in the class. Day by day as Mani looked on, it was becoming increasingly clear that a new menace had appeared in his life.” So, Mani was jealous of Rajam.

MP Board Solutions

Question 2.
How did Swaminathan react when Mani told him about his intention? (M.P. Board 2009)
Answer:
When Swami came to know about Mani’s plan he warned him to be careful, for Rajam’s father was the Superintendent of Police and the police are an awful lot. However, Mani did not care for all this and was determined to put the vile upstart down.

B. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Question 1.
How was the showdown between Mani and Rajam fixed? Who was ‘the cord of communication between them? (M.P Board 2015)
Answer:
In order to solve the animosity between Rajam and Mani, Swami sat between Mani and Rajam on one of the back benches of the class. Swami acted as the chord of communication between the two. After exchanging some units of messages, they finally came to the point to prove their might at the river near Nallappa’s grove.

3. Swami ‘s Grandmother : Swami and Friends

A. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each:

Question 1.
How did Rajam entertain his friends at his house? (ALP. Board 2009)
Answer:
Swami and Mani together went to Rajam. A policeman tried to stop them but when they
told him that Rajam was waiting for them, he at once became very polite and friendly. They were much amazed to see the large room of Rajam with his books arranged neatly on a big table, with a time-piece. Rajam kept them waiting for a few minutes, for he had seen his father doing so, and then came to them. He showed them his almirah full of toys.

They beheld astounding things in it, miniature trains and motors, mechanical marvels, and a magic lantern with slides many large picture-books, and a hundred other things. What interested Mani most was a grim air gun that stood in a corner. Rajam gave them permission to handle anything they pleased. In a short while Swaminathan was running an engine all over the room, Mani was shooting arrow after arrow from a bow at the opposite wall. When he was tired of it, he took up the air gun and devastated the furniture around with lead balls.

MP Board 12th English Solutions

Question 2.
Do you approve of Rajam’s behaviour with the cook? Give reasons in support of your
answer. (M.P. Board 2009)
Answer:
At Rajam’s house coffee with some snacks was brought for them by the cook. Rajam tried to snub him in order to impress his friends with the power and authority he had but the cook was more than a match for him. First, he tried to argue with Rajam and then walked off with the snacks telling him to come to the kitchen if he wanted the eatables. He had to go to the kitchen and bring in the snacks and the coffee himself. In order to hide his humiliation, he told his friends that he kicked the Cook for his impertinence and at the time he was lying unconscious in the kitchen.

4. ‘What Is A Tail’

A. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each:

Question 1.
How did Swaminathan know that the boys of his class called him ‘tail’? (M.P. Board 2011,2015)
Answer:
Swami was surprised at the behaviour of his friends. He asked for his place in the game. Nobody paid attention to him. His friends were talking amongst themselves. Again and again, they were referring the word ‘tail’ like what is a tail, whether there was anyone like a tail etc. When they said that there was someone present there who was a tail,

Swaminathan could comprehend very little except that the remark contained some unpleasant references to himself. He became very hot and wanted to cry. Then he asked about that remark and it got confirmed that they were calling him tail of Rajam.

Question 2.
Describe Swaminathan’s state of mind when Sankar, Somu and others stopped talking to him.(M.P. Board 2011)
Answer:
Swami was feeling restless when Sankar, Somu, and others stopped talking to him. He was feeling lonely. His friends were also hostile to him. It was very painful for poor Swami but he could not help it. He wanted to talk to them and crack jokes but he was helpless. He was feeling uncomfortable.

5. Father’s Room

A. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each:

Question 1.
Who challenged Mani’s authority? How was the fight ended? (M.P. Board 2015)
Answer:
Somu challenged Mani’s authority. The fighting between them (Mani and Somu) was so violent and deadly, that the three youngsters (Sankar, the Pea, and Swami) thought that the two would murder each other. In great panic, they rushed to the headmaster and told him that two murders were being committed in the school-field. The head master came to the spot and easily parted the two boys and thus put an end to the fight. Swami was ” much surprised at this, for he had thought that the strength possessed by Somu and Mani was not possessed by anyone else.

6. A Friend In Need :Swami and Friends

A. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each:

Question 1.
What made Mani to boil with rage? How did Rajam assuage his anger? (M.R Board 2011)
Answer:
Swami and Man were angry with Rajam, for they thought he had played a dirty trick on them but Rajam soon pacified them by praising their performance as the kitten and the puppy. He then proceeded to give them a long lecture on the value of friendship, and the infinite torture to which those who harbour ennuty are subjected in Hell. So, vivid and eloquent was he, that the boys were terrified.

7. A New Arrival :Swami and Friends

A. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each:

Question 1.
Why was Swaminathan cold and reserve to his mother when he was taken to her room? (MP Board 2015)
Answer:
Swammatban’s mother was in labour pain. She had been in bed for two days. Swami didn’t see her in kitchen. He felt uncomfortable in her absence. When he was taken to her room, he found her lying weak and pale on the bed. She called him closer to her. As Swami was not so mature, he couldn’t understand what was going on. He was cold and reserved when he came in the room.

Question 2.
How did Swaminathan describe his little brother to the Pea? (MP Board 2012)
Answer:
Swami was confused at the birth of his new baby brother. When he came to school, the next day he told his friend the Pea about it. For him the baby was funny. He said “Oh, like him. He is hardly anything. Such a funny-looking creature.” Further, he said, “this thing has wonderful pair of hands, so small and plump. you know! But I tell you, his face is awful, red, red like chilli.”

MP Board 12th Solutions

8. Before The Examinations :Swami and Friends

A. Answer the following questions i about 60 words each:

Question 1.
What change did Swaminathan observe in his father’s behaviour towards him before the examination? (MP.Board 2011)
Answer:
It was the month of April, just two weeks before the annual exams. Swami’ father, quite naturally, now wanted that his son should devote more time to his studies and often rebuked him when he saw the boy wasting his time. Swami thought that his father was changing and growing more fussy and difficult every day. However, his words had some effect on his son when he warned him that if he failed, his juniors would become his classmates and his friends would become his seniors, and would no longer like to mix up with him.

Question 2.
Do you agree to what Mani did to succeed in the examination? Give reasons in support of your answer . (M.P Board 2015)
Answer:
I think what Mani did to know the questions from the school clerk was not good., When he knew that the clerk had the idea about the questions he went to meet him. He took a gift to impress him. Though the clerk did not say anything clearly, Mani thought it right and prepared accordingly It is not right for a good student, It is unjustified.

9. School Breaks-Up :Swami and Friends

Question 1.
How did Swaminathaii solve the question paper? (M,P. Board 2011)
Answer:
Swami came out of the exam-hall twenty minutes before the time. Out of six questions set, he had answered the first question to his satisfaction. The second was doubtful, the third was satisfaction, the fourth was clearly wrong but the sixth answer was the best of all. It took only a minute to answer it.

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