MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 11 Important Events of the Post Independent India Solutions

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Social Science Book Solutions Chapter 11 Important Events of the Post Independent India Pdf.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 11 Important Events of the Post Independent India

Objective Type Questions

Question 1. Multiple Choice Questions:
(Choose the correct answer from the following)

Question (a)
The first Indo – China war took place in the year of?
(a) 1960
(b) 1962
(c) 1966
(d) 1971.
Answer:
(b) 1962

Question (b)
Article 370 is related to?
(a) Pakistan
(b) India
(c) Kashmir
(d) Baluchistan.
Answer:
(c) Kashmir

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Question (c)
Name the Indian Prime Minister during the agreement of Tashkant?
(a) Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) Lai Bahadur Shastri
(c) Smt. Indira Gandhi
(d) Moraji Desai.
Answer:
(b) Lai Bahadur Shastri

Question (d)
Emergency was declared in India on?
(a) 25th June, 1975
(b) 25th June, 1972
(c) 30th June, 1977
(b) 30th June, 1978
Answer:
(a) 25th June, 1975

Question 2. Fill in the blanks:

  1. General Niyagi surrendered before the Indian General ……………………….
  2. ………………. was the father of Indian Atomic Energy Programme.
  3. …………………. was formed as the Nuclear Proliferation Ban Treaty in 1985.
  4. Pokhran Atomic test was conducted in ………………………

Answer:

  1. Jagjit Singh
  2. Homi Jahangir Bhabha
  3. NPT
  4. 11 May, 1998.

Question 3. True and False type questions:

  1. The formation of Bangladesh was result due to the Indo – Pak war of 1998.
  2. Japan – China war began in the year of 1960.
  3. The President of Awami League was Muziburrahman.
  4. The 1971 Indo – Pak war was continued for 14 days.

Answer:

  1. False
  2. False
  3. True
  4. True

Question 4. Match the Column:

  1. Indo-China War (a) 1966
  2. The Tashkant Pact (b) 17 April, 1971
  3. Bangla Republic (c) 11 May, 1998
  4. Pokhran test (d) 1962

Answer:

  1. (d)
  2. (a)
  3. (b)
  4. (c)

Answer in One – Two Words or One Sentence

Question 1.
In which year, the Delhi conference of Tanchsheel’ was held? How many nations did attend it?
Answer:
The Delhi conference of ‘Panchsheel’ was held on April 10, 1955. Fourteen nations attended it.

Question 2.
When did China attack India?
Answer:
China attacked India in 1962.

Question 3.
When did Indira Gandhi conclude a peaceful nuclear test in Pokham?
Answer:
In 1977.

Question 4.
Expand P.T.B.T.?
Answer:
Partial Moscow Atomic Test Ban Treaty.

Question 5.
Expand NPBT?
Answer:
Nuclear Proliferation Ban Treaty.

Question 6.
Expand C.T.B.T?
Answer:
Comprehensive Atomic Test Ban Treaty.

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MP Board Class 10th Social Science Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
By whom and for whom the term ‘Panchsheel’ was propagated firstly?
Answer:
The term ‘Panchsheel’ was firstly used by Mahatma Buddha. It was a word which laid stress on the purity of the behaviour of individuals.

Question 2.
Name the pioneers of Indian Atomic Programme?
Answer:
The Atomic Energy and Research Programmes related .with it have been carried out under the able guidance of eminent scientists of India like. Dr. Homi Bhabha, Dr. Vikram Sahabhai, Raja Ramanna and A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Azad.

Question 3.
How many countries have already conducted nuclear tests?
Answer:
Prior to this five countries viz, America, Soviet Russia, Britain, France and China had already conducted nuclear tests. Now India also became nuclear country of the Nuclear tests of 1998.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What were the main principles of ‘Panchsheel’?
Answer:

  1. All the nations respect the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of each other.
  2. No nation would invade each other and would avoid trespassing in any country.
  3. No nation would interfere in the internal matters, i.e., economic and political policies of any other nation.
  4. Each nation would behave with the other nations on the basis of equal status.
  5. All the nations would believe in the principles of peaceful co – existence.

Question 2.
How many organisations were set up to ban atomic weapons?
Answer:
Three organisations have been set up at the international level to check proliferation of atomic weapons. Partial Moscow Atomic Test Ban Treaty (P.T.B.T.) 1963, Nuclear Proliferation Ban Treaty (N.P.B.T.) 1985, and Comprehensive Atomic Test Ban Treaty (C.T.B.T.) 1996, India has always been for an International Organisation which will be extensive, universal and objective but India found that the above proposals appeared to be discriminatory and therefore, has not signed them.

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Question 3.
Write any four causes responsible for defeat of Pakistan in Indo – Pak War of 1971? (MP Board. 2009)
Or
What were the main causes of Pakishtan’s defeat in War of 1971 between India and Pakistan? (MP Board 2009.)
Answer:
Following were the main reasons of defect of Pakistan:

  1. From point of view of Army strength it was week.
  2. Pakistan’s moral side was weak.
  3. Pakistan had adopted a discrimination policy against East Pakistan which resulted into a mass struggle.
  4. Due to great distance between Eest and West Pakistan, the Pak – Army could not easily reach.

Question 4.
Exaplain the principles of Indian Atomic Policy? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
The Atomic Policy of India can be understood in the context of the basic principles of its foreign policy. The three fundamental principles of the foreign policy of India are national security, economic development and world situation. Besides these, India believes in peaceful coexistence, friendly relations with all nations, international peace and cordial relations. The aim of security and development of the country, and also to see that a sense of mutual cooperation, understanding and peace prevail in the world.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Long Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Write the stages of development of Indian Nuclear Programme?
Answer:
The Atomic policy of India has been influenced by it social and economic base. Right after the acheivment of independence India has been making efforts in the direction of putting to use the atomic energy for peaceful purposes. Atomic Energy Act 1948 and Atomic Energy Commission were the pioneering steps in this direction.

The technological advancement in the direction of atomic energy development was made with the setting up of Tata Institute 1945, and Bhabha Atomic Energy Centre 1957. In the year 1956 Apsara Research Reactor was set up and in the year 196j9 the Trarpur Atomic Energy Centre was established; this was the first centre for commercial use.

Other atomic energy centres set up in India are at Tarapur (Maharashtra), Kota (Rajasthan), Kalpakam (Tamilnadu), Narora (Uttar Pradesh), Kakrapar (Gujarat) and Kaiga. India had achieved the technology of atomic energy development. Taking out atomic fuel, to separate it and convert it into Uranium, making fuel out of its, production of heavy water, manufacture reactor, development of all the processes of the fuel and waste management, in all these processes India had achieved competence.

Atomic energy is a boon when put to peaceful purposes. Atomic energy is being put to us in the sectors of agriculture, treatment, – industry etc., Atomic explosions are made use of for construction of canals, dams and mines. In 1977 Indira Gandhi conducted a peaceful nuclear test in Pokharan (Rajasthan). This test was not carried out with the intention of obtaining weapons.

Between 1977 to 1980 India was firm on its policy of not making atomic weapon. In her second term she adopted the policy of wait and watch. In this reference, the ‘Integrated guided missile programme’ is most important. The eminent scientist A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (former Presiderft of India) was made the Chairman of this programme.

Under the programme, the missiles India made are: Prithvi, Trishul, Naage, Akash and Agni, Brahmoss. On 11th May, 1998 India conducted three continuous tests underground in Pokhran. Two of them were underground and low intensity and one temperature nuclear explosion.

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Question 2.
Write the consequeunces of 1971 Indo – Pak War? (MP Board 2009)
Or
Write important effects of 1971 Indo – Pak War? (MP Board 2009, 2013)
Or
Describe the important effects of 1971 Indo – Pak war?
Answer: Important effects of 1971 Indo – Pak war were as follows:

1. Bangladesh was formed.

2. A reduction in the area, population and strength of Pakistan.

3. The defeat after the 1965 and 1971 war had a demoralising effect on Pakistan.

4. India could understand the America is no longer a well wisher of Pakistan, and India intensified its friendly relations with Russia.

5. This war was also an indirect set – back for America and China who have sympathies for Pakistan.

6. At the time of the Indo – Pak war all the political parties set aside their mutual differences and the problem of Bangladesh Liberation became a national issue.

7. It had a great impact on the internal politics of Pakistan; People wanted Yahya Khan to resign. Demonstrations were held in Pakistan because of the defeat. Yahya Khan had to resign and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto came in to power who got many problems along with the powers.

8. The divided public opinion, divided mind set and divided leadership all were unfortunate for the country. Bangladesh came into being as a sequel to the Indo – Pak wav of 1971. When people of East Bengal revolted against the Pakistani rule, India’s sympathy was for the Bangla freedom fighters.

9. India strongly opposed the cruel suppression of these freedom fighter by the military dictator of Pakistan. Frightened by the genocide by Pakistan many refugees from East Bangal came to India. India arranged for their stay, food etc., and imparted training to the soldiers.

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Question 3.
What are the main situations for emergency? When and why was it declared in India? (MP Board 2009, 2012)
Or
Discuss the emergency rule in India since independence?
Answer:
Emergency in India:
After independence India had to face many problems. Looking to the needs of such emergent conditions the founding fathers of constitution gave such powers to the Central Government that it can take effective measures in the time of emergency.

Certain emergency provisions have been made in the constitution of India so that it can use those powers to ensure that the security, integrity and unity of the country is not jeopardised; powers have been given to the President of India to declare emergency in the country under emergent conditions, (on the advice of the Prime Minister). Normally these are three situation under which emergency can be declared:

  1. National emergency
  2. Failure of constitutional machinery in the state.
  3. Financial emergency.

National Emergency:
The President of India is satisfied that such conditions prevail in the country; that the security of the whole country or a part of these of is in danger; Failure of Constitutional Machinery: When the President is satisfied on the basis of the Report of the Governor of a state or through any other source that is not possible to run the state as per the constitutional provisions; It is commonly known as President’s Rule.

Financial Emergency:
If the President is satisfied that, there is financial crises, there is implemented financial emergency. Some of the main emergency in India were:

  1. National emergence was declared in India thrice, so far; During Chinese aggression from 26th October, 1962 to 10th January, 1968.
  2. Pakistan aggression from 3rd December, 1971 to 21st March, 1977.
  3. Emergency was declared on 25th June, 1975 due to internal disturbances.
  4. Failure of constitutional machinery in a particular state such emergency (and President’s rule in that state) was declared many times in states.
  5. Emergency was declared in 1998 during Kargil war in May.

The fundamental rights of citizens are affected when emergency is declared. It also, affects the autonomy and freedom to the states. The powers of the Central Government increase. The Center acquires the right to prepare in Law in a subject subjects incorporated in the State list. The Center gives directions to the states. On the basis of the report of the Governor, the President declares such emergency. Many times such decision (President’s Rule in a state) has become cause of controversy.

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