Home » MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 4 Transport, Communication and Foreign Trade

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 4 Transport, Communication and Foreign Trade

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Social Science Book Solutions Chapter 4 Transport, Communication and Foreign Trade Solution with Pdf file.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 4 Additional Important Questions

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions:
(Choose the correct answer from the following)

Question (a)
Which of the following is not the category of guage of Indian railways?
(a) Broad guage
(b) Metre guage
(c) Metro guage
(d) Narrow guage.
Answer:
(c) Metro guage

Question (b)
Where are the electric engines produced?
(a) Kolkata
(b) Ishapore
(c) Barackpore
(d) Chittaranjan.
Answer:
(d) Chittaranjan.

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Question (c)
What is the road density in India (per sq. km)?
(a) 44 km
(b) 59 km
(c) 64 km
(d) 74 km.
Answer:
(a) 44 km

Question (d)
The first telex service started in Devanagri in India in:
(a) 1959
(b) 1969
(c) 1979
(d) 1989.
Answer:
(b) 1969

Question 2. Fill in the blanks:

  1. ……………….. looks after the roadways at the national level.
  2. ……………….. is the cheapest means of transportation.
  3. The goods which are sent from a country to other countries are known as ……………………
  4. ………………….. and ……………………. are the basis of international trade.
  5. The length of Amritsar – Ambala – Jalandhar – Delhi National Highway is …………………….
  6. ………………………. is the most expersive form of transpart.
  7. Milk is sent through ………………………. Pipeline from Anand to Ahmedabad. (MP Board 2009)

Answer:

  1. CPWD
  2. Waterways
  3. exports
  4. surplus, deficit
  5. 465 km
  6. Air transport
  7. Anand – Ahmedabad.

Question 3. True and False type questions:

  1. The trade carried out between states, towns and village in called internal trade.
  2. Selling and sending goods and services to the foreign countries is called import.
  3. Transport and communication are the lifeline of any country.
  4. PIN code means the Postal Index Number.

Answer:

  1. True
  2. False
  3. True
  4. True.

Question 4. Match the columns:

Answer:
1. (d)
2. (c)
3. (a)
4. (e)
5. (b)

Answer in One – Two Words or One Sentence

Question 1.
What do you mean by lifelines of the national economy?
Answer:
Means of transport and communication are called lifelines of the national economy.

Question 2.
What are the two major means of land transport?
Answer:
Roadways and Railways.

Question 3.
Why is transport a necessity?
Answer:
Transport is a necessity because it helps us in production and distribution of goods.

Question 4.
Name the areas where narrow guage has been laid in India?
Answer:
Narrow guage has been confined to only few hill stations.

Question 5.
What percentage of our people travel by second class?
Answer:
Over 96 per cent of passengers travel by second class.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 4 Transport, Communication and Foreign Trade

Question 6. Name the southern most railway station in India?

Answer:
Cape Comorin (Kanya Kumari).

Question 7.
Name the northern – most railway station in India?
Answer:
Jammu Tawi.

Question 8.
What is meant by export promotion?
Answer:
Export promotion means efforts to promote export.

Question 9.
What is import substitution?
Answer:
It is a device adopted by a country to produce those goods within the country which are imported from outside the country.

Question 10.
In which year the Indian Railway service started? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
1854.

Question 11.
What is the policy of Indian Railways regarding electrification?
Answer:
The rapid electrification of all the railway tracks.

Question 12.
Name the two super – fast trains of India?
Answer:

  1. Rajdhani Express
  2. Shatabdi Express.

Question 13.
What is the inland navigational potential in India?
Answer:
5200 kilometres.

Question 14.
Name the two navigational rivers of India?
Answer:

  1. Ganga
  2. Brahmaputra.

Question 15.
Up to which city would Ganga be used in navigation in due course?
Answer:
Up to Patna and in due course up to Allahabad.

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Question 16.
Name the two main ports of the western coast of India?
Answer:

  1. Mumbai
  2. Nhava Sheva.

Question 17.
Name the four ports which have been developed recently.
Answer:

  1. New Mangalore
  2. Haldia
  3. Nhava Sheva
  4. Ennore.

Question 18.
How many major ports are there in India?
Answer:
Twelve.

Question 19.
Which is the major public sector enterprise of the central Government?
Answer:
Indian Railways.

Question 20.
What is the most important facility provided by the telephone service?
Answer:
Telex services.

Question 21.
Name means of mass communication?
Answer:
Means of mass communication are telephone, television, radio, films and internet.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 4 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Name the various forms of transport in land, water and air?
Answer:
The land transport network consists of road and railways. The waterways comprise of deep – sea, coastal and inland navigation. The air transport offers air travel through aeroplanes.

Question 2.
Name the width of railways in India?
Answer:
Indian railways consist of three types of guages:

  1. Broad gauge (1.69 metre)
  2. Metre gauge (1.00 metre)
  3. Narrow gauge (0.77 metre).

Question 3.
What are express or free highway?
Answer:
Express or freeways are national highways with 4 to 6 lanes meant to meet the requirement of fast traffic movement across the country.

Question 4.
What are three names of Express or Freeways?
Answer:
Golden Quadrilateral, North – South and East – West Corridors, Connectivity of 10 major ports with Golden Quadrilateral and the Corridors.

Question 5.
What is the total length of roads in India? How much of this length is surfaced?
Answer:
The total length of roads in India is 25 lakh kilometres. 57% of this length is surfaced.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 4 Transport, Communication and Foreign Trade

Question 6. What are the lifelines of a country?

Answer:
Means of transport and communication are the lifelines of a country. Means of transport include roads, railways, airways and waterways. Posts, telegraphs, telephone, telex, fax, radio, television, Internet and E-mail are important means of communication.

Question 7.
State the importance of border roads?
Answer:
Importance of Boarder Roads are:

  1. Border roads help us to guard and protect highly inhospitable terrain, relief and climatic conditions by our Jawans along our borders with Pakistan, China and Myanmar.
  2. They help in military supply of arms, ammunition and food to our military.

Question 8.
What does the total road length indicate?
Answer:
The total road length in India is 25 lakh kilometres on March 31, 2002. It indicates that road transport is the most important mode of transport of India of the total length 57% are surfaced roads.

Question 9.
In what way is television more useful than radio? Give one point?
Answer:
Television is more useful than radio because it gives live vision of the happenings along with audio sounds and commentary while radio provides only audio service.

Question 10.
What does ‘BOT’ stand for?
Answer:
BOT stands for Build, Operate and Transfer. It means that after realising cost and profit for certain period, the roads will be transferred to the government as their rightful owners.

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Question 11.
What is mass communication?
Answer:
Mass communication means to communicate with several people at a time. It contains electronic media, doordarshan, radio, press and audio – visual media which plays a very vital role in creating awareness among the people about various programmes and policies.

Question 12.
What is export control?
Answer:
It is exercised by a country to regulate the export in respect of limited number of items whose supply position demands that their export should be regulated in the larger interest of the country.

Question 13.
What are the main objectives of India’s export and import policy?
Answer:
The major objectives of the new Import – Export Policy 1988 – 1991 are to stimulate industrial growth, promote efficient import sub – stitution and self – reliance.

Question 14.
List some factors affecting International Trade?
Answer:
Factors affecting International trade are:

  1. Location.
  2. Rugged sea coast.
  3. Natural Resource.
  4. Economic Development.
  5. Business policy.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 4 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
“Means of transport and communication are the lifelines nation”. Prove this statement? (MP Board 2009)
Or
Why are means of transport and communication called the lifelines of a country and its economy?
Answer:
Lifelines of a human being are his veins. They carry blood in all the parts of the body and keep them hale and hearty. Likewise means of transport and communication bring all the regions of a country closer and develop them equally. A country makes tremendous progress because of its developed means of transport and communication. Without these all the developmental activities will come to an end and the country would meet its doom.

Question 2.
Why is railway transport very important in our country?
Answer:
Importance of Railways in our country:
India is a vast country. Its both length and breadth exceeds 3,000 kilometres each. In such a country, means of transport is an imperative need that can carry men and material in bulk from one place to another. Roads, inland waterways and airways are unable to cope with this huge traffic. Railways are capable of fulfilling this requirement. They carry passengers and goods over long distances and in bulk.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 4 Transport, Communication and Foreign Trade

Question 3.
What is Container Service? Write four characteristics of Container Service?
Answer:
Container Service is that railway service in which door – to – door freight service is provided. Its characteristics are as follows:

  1. It reduces transportation and delivery time of goods.
  2. It ensures greater security of goods and freedom from pilferage.
  3. It has proved more economic for both railways and its customers. .
  4. Thefts and robberies have no chance to be committed.

Question 4.
What is the importance of unsurfaced roads in India?
Answer:
Since independence unsurfaced roads have increased three times. This explains their importance.

  1. These roads open up the countryside to modern ways of living.
  2. Bullock – carts carry nearly 90 crore tonnes of goods from rural areas to urban areas over short distances. These bullock-carts run on unsurfaced roads and carry bulk of goods.

Question 5.
Distinguish between Transport and Communication?
Answer:
Transport:

  1. The movement of goods and passengers from one place to another is called transport.
  2. Rail Road, Sea and Air Route constitute the transport system.

Communication:

  1. The transmission of any message news and any idea from one place to other place is called communication.
  2. Postal letters, telephone, wireless, television etc. are the examples of means of communication.
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Question 6.
In which part of India is air travel found more economical than road or rail transport?
Answer:
Air transport is more economical in the hilly areas of the country. Hills are not easily accessible to the people because of the rough and steep nature of the terrain. It is very difficult and in some case impossible to build long and strong roads or lay railway lines. Air transport makes it possible to reach such remotest places. Air transport is the fastest means of transport as such its importance to fulfill the needs of the Jawans in the border areas is still more important. Places like Leh and Tibbet can be easily accessible through these means.

Question 7.
What, in your opinion, is the policy of Indian Railways with regard to electrification?
Answer:
In 1854 the first electrified railway line was laid and traffic started on it in India. At that time the trains ran on locomotive (steam) engine. In course of time railways became very popular. They expanded by leaps and bounds. Side by side they created numerous problems specially of over – crowding and slow speed.

In order to remove these hindrances, electrification of railway tracks is the answer. It seems that there is a policy of the Indian Railways to get all the tracks electrified. A total of 13018 kms of railway tracks have been electrified by the end of 1996 – 1997. The day is not far away when we will see electric trains running on them.

Question 8.
Furnish two main facts about the importance of border roads for the defence of our country?
Answer:
Border roads maintain the supply line for our jawans on the frontiers irrespective of physical odds and extremely harsh climatic conditions as our international borders extend along Pakistan and China. Border roads join the border areas with the interior parts of the country, having links with National Highways. Hence they integrate the country into a well – knit entity.

Question 9.
Find out the facilities provided by the Indian Railways to the passengers?
Answer:
Facilities provided by the Indian railways to the passengers are:

  1. Reservation facilities by computers.
  2. Waiting – room facilities on the station.
  3. Return of ticket if a passenger has to postpone his/her journey.
  4. Lunch and dinner is supplied in the trains.
  5. Electrification of railway tracks.
  6. New tracks in new areas.
  7. Adoption of uni – gauge system. Conversion of metre gauge into broad guage.
  8. Replacement of steam engines by diesel and electric engines.

Question 10.
Differentiate between broad guage and narrow guage?
Answer:
Broad Guage:

  1. Broad Guage is the category of railway track which has width of 1.69 metres between the rails.
  2. 50% of the total length of the railway trackes in India consists of broad gauge.
  3. Example: Delhi – Kolkata Railway Track.

Narrow Guage:

  1. Narrow Guage is the category of Railway track which has 0.77 metre width between the rails.
  2. Narrow gauge railway tracks are found only in hilly areas.
  3. Example: Kalka-Shimla Railway Track.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 4 Transport, Communication and Foreign Trade

Question 11.
Differentiate between river transport and road transport?
Answer:
River Transport:

  1. River Transport provides inland navigational facilities within the country. It is also called inland water transport.
  2. River transport is carried by boats and crafts or steamers.
  3. It is slow in speed.
  4. It is cheaper to maintain.

Road Transport:

  1. Road Transport is through roads within or outside the country through Kuchcha or Pucca roads.
  2. It is carried out by buses, trucks, lorries, carts, cars and two – wheelers.
  3. It is comparatively speedier than river transport.
  4. It is costlier to maintain.

Question 12.
Differentiate between port and harbour?
Answer:
Port:

  1. It is a point on the coast where ships can be tied up for anchor..
  2. In ports, ships load and unload commodities.
  3. Indented coasts provide natural ports.
  4. Port is mostly linked with a fertile and productive hinterland.

Harbour:

  1. It is in area of sea, providing safe entrance to ships.
  2. It gives protection to ships from waves and storms.
  3. River estuaries, bays provide natural harbours such as Mumbai.
  4. Harbour provides sufficient room for anchorage of ships.

Question 13.
What is meant by Inland waterways?
Answer:
The waterways that are found in the inner parts of a country in the form of rivers, lakes, canals are known as Inland waterways. These waterways include deep rivers, large lakes and streams. The inland waterways are the cheapest means of transport within a country. They are helpful in carrying the heavy and bulky goods from one place to another. In India, the rivers like the Ganges and the Brahmaputra serve the purpose of inland water transportation. Inland waterways save us from pollution.

Question 14.
Why are ports called the gateways of the world trade? Explain with examples?
Answer:
Ports are the places (gateways) through which our imports and exports pass. This gives us access to oceans. They provide links with other countries or far off places. They facilitate us to catch fish , and supplement our food needs.

Question 15.
What are the importance of print media?
Answer:
Importance of print media is as under:

  1. It gives us news about the world.
  2. It helps us know about various happenings in and around the world.
  3. Information about the government works and policies and programmes are obtained through print media.
  4. It also increases our education.
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Question 16.
Describe the trade and its types?
Answer:
Trade is the exchanges of goods and services between persons, states and countries.
Types of Trade:
There are three types of trade:
1. Local Trade:
It is carried between people in villages, towns and cities.

2. State Level Trade:
It is carried out between two or more states. .

3. International Trade:
It is carried out between two or more countries. It may take place through sea, air or land routes.

Question 17.
Distinguish between internal and external (foreign) trade?
Answer:
Internal Trade and External Trade (Foreign Trade):
Internal Trade:

  1. Internal trade is carried out between the states, towns and villages within the territorial limits of a country.
  2. Goods like jute, cotton, sugar and tea, when traded between the places in our country it forms part of internet trade.

External Trade:

  1. Foreign trade is carried out between different countries. Thus exchange of goods and services among the different nations are known as foreign or external trade.
  2. The goods like jute, cotton, or machines, when traded between two countries, we call it external trade.

Question 18.
Why the policy of export promotion has been given preference over import substitution?
Answer:
Our present trade policy is known as export-led strategy or export – oriented and production – oriented import – export policy. The import substitution policy cannot be solely as we continue to import capital goods that are required for developmental purpose. Secondly India’s industrialisation has reached a stage of development where the process of import – substitution is nearly complete. The need today, therefore, is to give precedence to export promotion policy which is nothing but a mix of export promotion and import substitution policy. The efforts have been made to imporve the quality of export goods and reducing their cost.

Question 19.
Explain the re – export business?
Answer:
If a country, after importing certain items from other countries and exporting them again to the neighbouring countries, the process is called ’re – export. Re – export is done by a country to such countries who are not suitably located near the ports or those who cannot have favourable trade with other countries-owing to foreign exchange problems.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 4 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is contribution o’f agriculture and industry to the growth of Indian economy?
Answer:
Contribution to the growth of agriculture and industry:
The railways have contributed to the growth of agriculture and industry in the following ways:

1. Railways carry increased amount of fertiliser and foodgrains every year from the place of their production to the entire country.

2. Railways bring war material from all the parts of the country and take them to the every doors of industries where they are needed.

3. Railways ensure wider market for agricultural and industrial, product. Specially for industrial products, it is necessary to explore the new markets and take things to them.

4. Railways have played an important role in hauling coal, mineral ore, mineral oils and in promoting industries by helping in production as well as distribution.

5. The railways have helped in bringing the labour force from all the comers of the country. It has brought the people living in the far flung areas quite close to each other. It has helped in bringing national and emotional integration of the country.

6. Promotion of national integration and modernisation:
The Railways keep the people of different areas in contact with one another. They bring the people living in the far flung areas quite closer to each other. They are the carriers of views, culture and civilization. They, thus play an important role in the national and emotional integration of the country. Through railways people keep link between various states and help in time of food shortage and natural calamities and other catastrophs.

MP Board Solutions

Map Work

Question 1.
On an outline map of India, draw National Highways Development Projects?
Or
On an outline map of India, show Delhi – Jalandhar – Shrinagar National Highway? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:

Transport Communication

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