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MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Social Science Book Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India Solution with Pdf file.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 3 Additional Important Questions

1. Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions:
(Choose the correct answer from the following)

Question (a)
Which of the following raw material is related to the paper industry?
(a) Regur
(b) Pulp
(c) Soya
(d) Wood
Answer:
(b) Pulp

Question (b)
Coimbatore of Tamilnadu is the famous centre of:
(a) Paper
(b) Cotton
(c) Carbon
(d) Cardemom.
Answer:
(b) Cotton

Question (c)
‘Green House Effect’ is related to the:
(a) Water pollution
(b) Air pollution
(c) Land pollution
(d) Sound pollution.
Answer:
(b) Air pollution

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Question (d)
Cholera and Diarrhoea are the cause of:
(a) Insects
(b) Water
(c) Polluted water
(d) Polluted air.
Answer:
(c) Polluted water

Question (e)
The first large scale plant of iron and steel was set up?
(a) Sakchi
(b) Jamshedpur
(c) Tamilnadu
(d) Delhi
Answer:
(a) Sakchi

Question 2. Fill in the blanks:

  1. The latest economic policy of libralisation and globalisation was geared up in ………………….
  2. Kulli and Burnpur Iron & Steel Company is located in the State of ………………….
  3. …………………….. Iron Pillar of the Gupta period is situated in Delhi.
  4. Bhopal gas tragedy was the result of ……………….. gas leaked in the atmoshphere.
  5. At present the number of reserved industries is …………………….. (MP Board 2009)
  6. Most paper producer state is ……………………. (MP Board 2009)
  7. Liberal policy for setting up and expansion of industry and investment is called ……………………
  8. Tata Iron steel Company is located at ……………………………
  9.  ………………… is called the Manchester of India for the production of cotton industry.
  10.  …………………. is the unit of measuring sound pollution.
  11. Bhillai Steel Plant is located in the State of ………………….

Answer:

  1. 1991
  2. West Bengal
  3. Mehrauli
  4. Methile
  5. two
  6. West Bengal
  7. Liberalisation
  8. Jamshedpur
  9. Ahmedabad
  10. Decibal
  11. Chhattisgarh.

Question 3. True and False type questions:

  1. Nepa Nagar is famous the fertilizer industry.
  2. The first modern textile mills was established in Calcutta in 1918.
  3. Kanpur is called the Manchester of North India.
  4. Durgapur steel plant was established with the assistant of Germany.
  5. Industries should be set up away from the cities.

Answer:

  1. False
  2. False
  3. True
  4. False
  5. True.

Question 4. Match the Column:

Industries in India

Answer:

  1. (d)
  2. (b)
  3. (c)
  4. (a)

5. Answer in One – Two Words or One Sentence

Question 1.
When was the first cotton textile mill started in India?
Answer:
It started in Bombay in 1854.

Question 2.
When and where did the first jute mill start in India?
Answer:
At Calcutta in 1939.

Question 3.
Name the state where coir industry is most developed in India?
Answer:
In Kerala.

Question 4.
Name the main raw materials used for the production of paper?
Answer:
Bamboo, sabai – grass, sugarcane, bagasse, etc.

Question 5.
Divide the industries on the basis of division of labour?
Answer:

  1. Large scale Industry
  2. Mediumscale Industry.
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Question 6.
Classify industries on the basis of raw materials and finished products?
Answer:

  1. Heavy Industry
  2. Light Industry.

Question 7.
Name industries which are owned by the State Government or some agency of the Central Government?
Answer:
Public Sector Enterprises.

Question 8.
Give an example of Private Sector Industry?
Answer:
Tata Iron and Steel Company, Jamshedpur.

Question 9.
Name the industry which serves as basis to many industries?
Answer:
Basic Industry.

Question 10.
Name two basic industries?
Answer:

  1. Iron and Steel Industry
  2. Cement Industry.

Question 11.
On the basis of ownership, in which sector can the Bhilai Steel Plant be put?
Answer:
Public Sector.

Question 12.
Give an example of the consumer industry?
Answer:
Fast Food Industry.

Question 13.
When and where was the Modem Cotton Textile Industry set up in India?
Answer:
Near Kolkata in 1818.

Question 14.
In which two states in India has the Cotton Textile Industry developed the most?
Answer:

  1. Maharashtra
  2. Gujarat.

Question 15.
Name the two main centres of Cotton Textile Industry?
Answer:

  1. Mumbai
  2. Ahmedabad.
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Question 16. How many jute factories are there at present in India?

Answer:
106 factories.

Question 17.
Name the two cities famous for producing woollen clothes?
Answer:

  1. Amritsar
  2. Ludhiana.

Question 18.
Name the two centres famous for manufacturing silk cloth?
Answer:

  1. Mysore
  2. Varanasi.

Question 19.
Name the two centres in India famous for producing the artificial silk?
Answer:

  1. Mumbai
  2. Delhi.

Question 20.
In which states is Silk Industry mainly located?
Answer:
Karnataka, West Bengal, J & K.

Question 21.
What is the place of India in the production of sugar in the world?
Answer:
First.

Question 22.
Where are most of the sugar industries located in India?
Answer:
Uttar Pradesh.

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Question 23.
Name the sector in which the maximum number of sugar mills are situated in India?
Answer:
Co – operative Sector.

Question 24.
When and where was the first Modem Iron and Steel Industry set up in India?
Answer:
At Jamshedpur in 1907.

Question 25.
Name the Centre of locomotive industry?
Answer:

  1. Chittaranjan
  2. Jamshedpur
  3. Varanasi.

Question 26.
Which place is well known for the manufacture of railway coaches in India?
Answer:
Perambur (Chennai) and Kapurthala (Punjab).

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 3 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Name the cities which are prominent producers of textile industry?
Answer:
Bombay, Ahmedabad, Coimbatore, Nagpur, Sholapur, Kolkata, Kanpur, Delhi, Indore, etc.

Question 2.
What is meant by agro – based industries?
Answer:
Industries which derive their raw material from agriculture are called agro – based industries.

Question 3.
What are the constituents of agro-based industries?
Answer:
Textile, sugar, vegetable oil and plantation industries derive their raw material from agriculture.

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Question 4.
Name the news print plant located in Madhya Pradesh?
Answer:
Nepanagar Newsprint Plant in Madhya Pradesh is located in Nepanagar.

Question 5.
Where is the steel industry mostly confined to?
Answer:
It is mostly confined to Chhota Nagpur Plateau bordering West Bengal Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.

Question 6.
On the basis of ownership, classify the modem industry?
Answer:

  1. Public Sector Industry
  2. Private Sector Industry
  3. Joint Sector Industry
  4. Co – operative Sector Industry.

Question 7. Name the four Iron and Steel Plants of India which have come up with foreign collaborations?

Answer:

  1. Bokaro (Russian Collaboration)
  2. Durgapur (British Collaboration)
  3. Rourkela (German Collaboration)
  4. Bhilai (Russian Collaboration).

Question 8.
What are light industries?
Answer:
Industries which use light raw materials and produce light goods are termed as light industries. Examples are electric fans, sewing machines, etc.

Question 9.
Why is Kapurthala famous for? Also name the state in which it is situated?
Answer:
Kapurthala is famous for the railway integral coach factory. It is the second coach factory of India. It is situated in Punjab.

Question 10.
When and where was the first cement factory set up in India? What is their number and production now?
Answer:
Near Chennai in 1904, the first cement factory was set up. 419 (200 mini and 119 large) factories as produced 1000 lakh tonnes of cement in 2000 – 2001.

MP Board Solutions

Question 11.
Name some physical facturs that effect location of industries?
Answer:
The physical factors are raw materials, power resources, water and favorable climate.

Question 12.
In which category of products would you put the following:
Grass, meat, coffee, iron ore.
Answer:

  1. Forest products : Grass
  2. Animal products : Meat
  3. Agricultural products : Coffee
  4. Mineral products : Iron ore.

Question 13.
Why cotton textile industry is situated in Maharashtra? (MP Board, 2012)
Answer:
Cotton textile industry is situted in Maharashtra because it is wtton growing area.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 3 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Describe the industries on the basis of nature of industry?
Answer:
Village industry:
Industries that are run within the village with their traditional methods of production are called village industries.

Cottage industries:
These industries are characterised by hand manufacture of local raw material at home. It means that the industries are run by family members with their own labour and locally collected raw material.

Question 2.
Name the factors important for industrialisation?
Answer:
The factors important for industrialisations are:

  1. Availability of raw materials.
  2. Sufficient market for product.
  3. A dense network of efficient and speedy transport.
  4. Trade and commerce facilities.
  5. Availability of sufficient capital for investment.
  6. Skilled as well as unskilled labour force.

Question 3.
Make a distinction between basic and consumer industry?
Answer:
Basic Industry:
Basic industries are those industries which provide their finished goods as raw material to other industries.
Examples:
Iron and steel industry, heavy machine tools, petro chemicals, cement industry, etc.

Consumer Industry:

The industries which manufacture basically commodities of daily use are called consumer industries.
Examples:
Tooth paste, brush, pencil, fountain pen, hosiery industry, Modern bakery, biscuit industry, television, radio, etc.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India

MP Board Solutions

Question 4.
Distinguish between large – scale and small – scale industry?
Answer:
Large – scale Industry:

  1. Large – scale industries are those industries which manufacture huge quantities of finished goods.
  2. Here quantity of raw material and capital investment is very large and huge.
  3. Labour is required in large numbers.
  4. Women workers are not generally employed in these industries.
  5. Examples: Iron and Steel industry, Cotton Textile industry, Cement industry.

Small – scale Industry:

  1. These industries manufacture finished goods in small quantities.
  2. No huge quantity of raw material and capital is required in these industries.
  3. Labour is required in limited numbers.
  4. Women workers are employed in large numbers.
  5. Examples: Garments industry, Hosiery industry, Television and Radio industry.

Question 5. Distinguish between Agro – based and Mineral – based industries?

Answer:
Agro – based industries:

  1. The industries which obtain raw materials from agriculture are called agro – based industries.
  2. These industries provide employment in rural areas.
  3. Agro – based industries are mostly in private or cooperative sectors.
  4. Examples: Jute sugar, cotton textile, vegetable oil and plantation.

Mineral – based industries:

  1. Industries based on minerals for their raw materials are termed as mineral – based industries.
  2. They provide employment both to rural and urban labour.
  3. These industries are generally located in public sector due to huge investments involved.
  4. Examples: Iron and steel industry, machine tools industry.

Question 6.
Differentiate between national industries and multinational industries?
Answer:
National Industries:

  1. When an industry is established by a single nation, it is known as a national industry.
  2. These industries are set up in a public sector.
  3. Nationalised industries come under this category such as Hindustan Steel Ltd.

Multinational Industries:

  1. When an industry is established in collaboration with other countries, it is known as multinational industry.
  2. These industries are set up in private sector.
  3. Multinational industries include Coca Cola, etc.

Question 7.
What are the importance of manufacturing industries?
Answer:
Importance of manufacturing industries are:

  1. Manufacturing industries are parameters of the economic development of a country.
  2. Exports of manufactured goods bring foreign exchange.
  3. The manufacturing industries reduce the dependence of people on agriculture by providing them employment opportunities.

Question 8.
Why do engineering industries have regional concentration?
Answer:
Engineering industries have regional concentration because:

  1. There is a good supply of iron and steel of special varieties from the nearby plants to these centres.
  2. These centres get plentiful supply of power at economical rates.
  3. Highly skilled labour Is available in large numbers in these areas.
MP Board Solutions

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India

Question 9.
Describe briefly the distribution of silk textile industry in India?
Answer:
Mulberry, tasar, eri and munga silk are major silk varieties which are produced in India. There are 90 big and small silk mills producing silk and silk goods in the country. More than 90% of the country silk production comes form West Bengal, Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir. India produces 8.5 lakh kg of silk and silk goods annually.

The main silk producing centres are:

  1. Murshidabad and Bankur in West Bengal.
  2. Anantnag, Baramula and Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir.
  3. Bangalore, Kolar, Mysore and Belgaum in Karnataka.

Question 10.
Describe briefly the distribution of railway equipment industries in India?
Answer:
Distribution of Railway Equipment Industries in India are as:
Railway equipments include railway engines, wagons and coaches. Railway engines are of three types – steam, diesel and electric engines. Engines are manufactured at Varanasi in U.P., Jamshedpur in Jharkhand and Chittaranjan in West Bengal.

Rails and sleeper bars are manufactured at iron and steel plants. Railway coaches are manufactured at Perambur in Tamil Nadu, Bangolore in Karnataka, Kapurthala in Punjab and Kolkata in West Bengal. Railway wagons are made in private sector and at railway workshops like Delhi, Varanasi, etc.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 3 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Describe the industries on the basis of size and scale of operation?
Answer:
On the basis of size and scale of operation the industries can be classified as:
1. Large scale indsutries:
Industries which use big power run machines and employ specialised labour giving rise to large scale production. Examples are iron and steel industries.

2. Medium scale industries:
These industries also employ large number of employees and use power machines in the production process but the amount of money spent is less than the large scale industries and the labour power used is also comparatively less.

3. Small scale industries:
Industries which employ less number of people and need less capital for starting the industry. They also use power but the amount of power used is much less than the other industries.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India

MP Board Solutions

Question 2.
Which are agro – based industries in India? What is their significance in Indian economy?
Answer:
Industries which draw raw material for their finished products from agriculture are called agro – based industries. Examples of agro – based industries are textile industry, sugar industry, vegetable oil industry, tea industry, jute industry and plantation industries, etc. These industries produce goods of daily consumers use and cater to the needs of common masses. Our industrial development, in fact, depends upon the agricultural development.

India is mainly an agriculture economy. The growth of its economy therefore depends upon the growth of agricultural production. Agro – based industries supply us food, cloth, packing material like jute, tea, and other articles of daily need. These industries have enhanced em-ployment opportunities to the teeming millions in villages.

Question 3.
Describe the five important ingredients of modem industry by giving suitable examples from India?
Answer:
Raw material, skilled, efficient and trained labour, capital availability of Power resources and transport facilities are the most important ingredients of modem industry. In fact, they are the factors on which localisation of industries depend. A factory tends to establish itself at places where these facilities are found:

1. Raw material:
It is the basic ingredient of a modern industry because it is the only important component that provides raw material which is transformed into the finished product.

2. Skilled, efficient and trained labour:
Another important in gredient is availability of efficient and qualified labour. Highly skilled and trained workforce is needed today as the production techniques have completely changed.

3. Capital:
It is also one of the most important factor of pro¬duction on which the modern industry depends.

4. Power:
The present industrial age is the machine age. All giant size machines have been installed by the industrial units. It is power only which runs them. Without the availability of power resources these machines are useless.

5. Market:
It is yet another important ingredient of modern industry. It means that there should be sufficient demand for goods being manufactured and their actual purchases.

6. Transport facilities:
These facilities are called the life lines of a country. Without them man and material cannot be sent from one place to another place. Hence the modern industry entirely depends on fast means of transport and communication for sending goods and messages.

Map Work

Question 1.
In the outline map of India show the following:
Bhilai, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Cochin, Nepanagar, Jamshedpur, Visakhapatnam, Kanpur, Bhopal, Bombay (now Mumbai), Vijay Nagar?
Or
On an outline map of India show Mumbai? (MP Board 2009)

Answer:

Industries in India

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