Home » MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 6 Natural Disasters and Disaster Management

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 6 Natural Disasters and Disaster Management

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Social Science Book Solutions Chapter 6 Natural Disasters and Disaster Management Solution with Pdf file.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 6 Natural Disasters and Disaster Management

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Additional Important Questions

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions:
(Choose the correct answer from the following)

Question (a)
Tsunami hit occurred in India on?
(a) 24 December 2002
(b) 26 December 2004
(c) 28 December 2006
(d) 28 December 2008.
Answer:
(b) 26 December 2004

Question (b)
Which one of the following is a biological disaster? (MP Board 2009)
(a) Bomb explosion
(b) Bird flue
(c) Volcano
(d) Tsunami
Answer:
(a) Bomb explosion

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Question (c)
The most flood state of India is:
(a) West Bengal
(b) Assam
(c) Orissa
(d) Tamilnadu.
Answer:
(b) Assam

Question (d)
Which of the following disaster is natural?
(a) Flood
(b) Earthquake
(b) Drought
(d) All of them.
Answer:
(d) All of them.

Question (v)
Landslides occur in the:
(a) Seashore
(b) Plain
(c) Mountains
(d) Forest.
Answer:
(c) Mountains

Question 2. True and False type questions:

  1. Tornado occur in the plain regions.
  2. Vaccination will help the people to do disease – free.
  3. Bacterias and viruses are the agent of biological disaster.
  4. Rajasthan is the most drought – prone area of India.
  5. Losses of disaster can be minimized by disaster management. (MP Board 2009)

Answer:

  1. False
  2. True
  3. /True
  4. True
  5. True.

Question 3. Fill in the blanks:

  1. …………………….. is the only disaster which can come at any place, any time and with out any warning.
  2. Destruction of forests is the ultimate cause of ……………………..
  3. ……………………. is the state of India which is the most storm – prone area in the country.
  4. ……………………. per cent of the total rains of the country are from monsoons.
  5. The area of ‘Spiti valley’ consests of Laddakh and Pradesh.
  6. ………………….. is the most flood effective state of India. (MP Board 2009)

Answer:

  1. capacity
  2. earthquake
  3. flood
  4. earthquake
  5. Japanese
  6. Orissa
  7. 80
  8. Himachal
  9. Assam.

Question 4. Match the column:

Natural Disasters and Disaster Management

Answer:

  1. (c)
  2. (d)
  3. (b)
  4. (a).

Answer in One – Two Words or One Sentence

Question 1.
Which factor is responsible either drought or flood?
Answer:
Shortage or excess of monsoons.

Question 2.
Who published the building code and guidelines for construction work in earthquake zone?
Answer:
Indian Standards Bureau.

Question 3.
What is epidemic disaster?
Answer:
An epidemic is a disease or health problem which spreads unexpectedly on a large scale.

Question 4.
What is their effect on developmental clock?
Answer:
The disasters have turned the developmental clock back of the affected areas by decades.

Question 5.
Describe earthquake?
Answer:
It is the only disaster which can come at any place, any and with out any warning. In earthquake movement of earth crust takes place which leads to shaking of ground.

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Question 6.
When and where did an earthquake hit on December 26, 2003?
Answer:
At Bam (Iran).

Question 7.
When did Tsunami hit south and south east Asia in the recent past?
Answer:
26 December 2004.

Question 8.
What is the toll of this Tsunami?
Answer:
2,7,000 +

Question 9.
What is the final toll of India in the December 26, 2004 Tsunami?
Answer:
9,575 +

Question 10.
Which toll cannot be calculated in respect of Tsunami of December 26, 2004?
Answer:
Emotional, economical and ecological toll.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
How do we deal with natural disasters?
Answer:
We deal with natural disasters such cyclones, floods, droughts earthquakes and landslides, technically and scientifically within scientific disciplines.

Question 2.
What have we seen in the recent past/decades about disasters?
Answer:
In the recent decades we have seen an alarming increase in the occurrence of natural disasters and the magnitude of their social, economic and environmental impacts.

MP Board Solutions Social Science Chapter 6 important

Question 3.
What was special about the earthquake of December 26, 2004?
Answer:

  1. It was biggest earthquake to hit the world in the last 40 years.
  2. Its intensity was 8.9 on the Richter Scale.
  3. It caused Tsunami waves with a height of up to 30 metres.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is the social and environmental effect of earthquake?
Answer:
The losses due to earthquake are widespread. If it occurs in a densely populated area then there is a great loss of lives. The means of transport and communication are destroyed and industry and development works are hampered. The roads get blocked and it becomes difficult to reach help to the people.

Question 2.
Discuss the types of disasters?
Answer:
Main types of disasters:
In India we have come across many calamities which are a cause of worry for us. They may be classified as under:

1. Disasters that appear abruptly:
Earthquake, Tsunami, eruption of volcano, landslide, flood, Tornado, (Whirl wind), avalanche, cloud burst etc.

2. Disasters that appear gradually:
Drought, hailstorm, environment deterioration, transformation of land into deserts etc.

3. Epidemics:
Food/water borne diseases, epidemics etc.

4. Industrial/Technological accidents:
System related problems/ failure; fire, explosion, chemical leakage etc.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 6 Natural Disasters and Disaster Management

Question 3.
Name the main drought – prone areas of the country?
Answer:
The drought – prone areas of India are mainly:

  1. The dry and semi – dry regions of Rajasthan where every two years drought conditions occur.
  2. Gujarat, Punjab, Western Uttar Pradesh, Tamilnadu.
  3. Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Southern Karnataka and Vidarbha areas where once in every year.

Question 4.
Describe the effects of landslides?
Answer:
Effects of landslides:
The areas worst hit by landslides are deep slopes, low lying areas of the rivers flowing from hill slopes and settlements on the areas from where river flows. Following are the bad effects of landslides:

Physical harms:
Land slides destroy anything which come in their way. Landslides damage the roads, communication lines, human settlements, agricultural land, crops etc., The rails break, traffic is disrupted and development activities affected.

Loss of lives and property:
On the basis of the location of landslide human life and property is destroyed. Big landslide have sometimes taken thousands of peoples lives.

Question 5.
What are the causes of Tsunami? (MP Board 2009)
Or
Explain the causes of Tsunami?
Answer:
The sea water is never calm. Movements in the sea water is a common phenomenon. Earthquake and volcano when appear near the sea area then occurs Tsunami disaster. When the process of volcanic eruption and earthquake takes place in the base of the sea then the movements in the sea waters increase, as a result of this high waves are produced in the sea water which are in turn responsible for loss of lives and property.

Question 6.
What do you mean by the prevention of effect of disaster?
Answer:
The prevention and reduction of their effects of the disaster are discussed under the following heads:

  1. Prepare plan for land use.
  2. To prevent people from settling in risky areas.
  3. To construct buildings which can resist the risks involved in the disaster (e.g. earthquake proof building etc.)
  4. To find out ways and means to minimise the ill effects of the disaster before their occurrence.
  5. Community awareness and education.

Question 7.
How are landslides among the major natural disasters in the world?
Answer:

  1. Landslides are among the major natural disasters in the world.
  2. In hilly terrains of India, including Himalayan mountains landslides are major and widely spread natural disasters.
  3. They strikes life and property almost perennially and occupy a position of major concern.
  4. These landslides, year after year, bring about untold misery to human settlements and cause devastating damages to transportation and communication network.

Question 8.
How are disasters classified in India? (2010)
Answer:
In India disasters may be classified as under:

  1. Disasters that occurs abruptly like earthquake, Tsunami, landslide etc.
  2. Disasters that appear gradually for example draught, hailstrom, transformation of land into deserts etc.
  3. Epidemics Food and water – born diseases.

Question 9.
What caused landslides in Nepal on 21 August, 2002?
Answer:

  1. On 21st August, 2002, heavy monsoon in eastern Nepal triggered landslides and flash floods. They killed 419 people and injured 105 people.
  2. More than 53,152 families were affected and about 19,485 houses were destroyed.
  3. A total of 47 districts were affected.

Question 10.
Enumerate the factor that cause landslides?
Answer:
Factors causing Landslides:
Landslides occur due to the interplay of several factors. They are classed as under:

Natural Factors:

  1. Intensity of rainfall
  2. Steep slopes
  3. Stiffness of, slopes
  4. Highly weathered rock layers
  5. Soil layers formed under gravity
  6. Seismic activity
  7. Poor drainage.

Man – made Factors:

  1. Deforestation leading to soil erosion
  2. Non – engineered excavation
  3. Mining and quarrying
  4. Non – engineered construction
  5. Land use pattern (faulty).
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Question 11.
How can the risk of landslides be reduced?
Answer:
The potential for landslides and destructive erosion can be greatly reduced by adopting the following measures:

  1. Proper development.
  2. Adoption of sound construction techniques.
  3. Erection of retaining walls.
  4. Avoiding steep slopes for construction of buildings.

Question 12.
How is water a source for all life forms? How is it tragic?
Answer:

  1. Water is a source for all life forms.
  2. In its absence no life is sustainable.
  3. It is tragic that same water in the form of floods takes away thousand of human and cattle lives.
  4. More than 10 lakh huts and poor houses are lost every year in floods in India.

Question 13.
Enumerate the most vulnerable homes in the wake of floods?
Answer:
The Most Vulnerable Homes:

  1. In the wake of floods the following are the most vulnerable homes, buildings, constructed with earth – based materials or using stone and brick in mud mortar.
  2. The huts made from biomass materials like bamboo, leaves, thatch or light construction using metal sheets.
  3. The buildings constructed within the flood plain of rivers.
  4. Houses constructed in high population concentration low lying areas.
  5. Jhuggi – Jhompri clusters in low lying flood plain areas.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Write any four measures to prevent fire in house hold?
Answer:
Some basic tips to prevent house hold fire are as under:

  1. Basic rules to prevent/save from fire and exit doors should always be remembered and followed.
  2. Do not keep highly inflammable matter in the house.
  3. Always keep a fire extinguisher at home and learn to use it and teach it to other members of the family also.
  4. When you go out please switch off all the gas and electrical gadgets.
  5. Do not put so many electrical gadgets in one socket.
  6. Keep match boxes out of reach of children and do not allow anyone to smoke in the house.
  7. Do not block the entrance door of the house by putting almarah or any furniture against it.
  8. Try to know the reason of fire and take suitable action.
  9. In case of fire call the fire brigade immediately, tell them your address, type of fire and place.
  10. The passage where smoke is there, try to crawl on the ground because smoke is always less near the floor.
  11. There should be two exit doors in the house, do an exercise of going out from these doors twice in an year as per your plan.
  12. Do not store inflammable liquids, gas cylinder and other such risky material in the house.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 6 Natural Disasters and Disaster Management

Question 2.
Describe the human factors for drought disaster?
Answer:
Human factors responsible for drought: The drought comes gradually and it is difficult to decide the duration of its beginning and end. The dividing level of rains, diminishing ground water level, dry well, rivers and reservoirs and weak crop give a warning of the imminent danger of drought. Although drought is a natural calamity but the main factor responsible for it are as follows:

  1. Ignore land management.
  2. Ignoring traditional sources of irrigation viz tanks, wells, reservoirs, etc.
  3. Destruction of community forests.
  4. Natural water resources get dried due to destruction of forest, due to insufficient rains the ground water level goes down; water level in the ground water level goes down; water level in rivers also goes down.
  5. Fodder shortage for cattle.
  6. Drastic changes in rotation of crops.
  7. Imbalanced relationship with atmosphere (ecology) results in excessive demand for water in the agriculture, industry and cottage industry.
  8. Faulty management of water resource.

Question 3.
How do floods in Bangladesh become disasters? Give an example of such disasters?
Answer:
Bangladesh is a riverine country where recurrent flooding is both common and necessary. Every year large areas are submerged during the monsoon season and fertilized by deposits of fresh alluvium. If the waters remain stagnant for too long, these beneficial floods become major disasters.

Examples:

  1. In the summer and fall of 1974 when flooding extended over nearly 50% of the country and stagnated for more than a month.
  2. At least 1,200 people died in the floods and another 27,500 died from subsequent disease and starvation.
  3. Approximately 425,000 houses were destroyed or severely damaged.
  4. A total of 36 million people suffered severe hardship and losses due to the disaster.

Question 4.
What are the main reasons of floods? Discuss the effects and effected region in India?
Answer:
Main reasons of floods in India are leakage or cracking of bunds, dams etc. and releasing excess water from barrages. The danger of floods is also increasing because of defective construction of bunds, old dams etc. The water that are flowing from Himalayan rivers bring with them large quantities of soil and this is deposited on the land and areas near the sea coast.

According to an estimate, every year 10 lakh cubic feet of soil gets mixed up with the waters of rivers Gandak and Sarayu flowing from the Himalayas. This soil is deposited on the plains of Uttar Pradesh. Consequently the bottom of the rivers and their water surface is coming up. Thus every year the flow of these river is taking the form of floods.

In the mountainous regions, the river flow gets blocked due to landslides and water reservoirs are formed; then suddenly they crack and floods occur. In the Himalayan region landslides are common. In the mountainous regions the land has become unstable due to construction of roads, deforestation, uncontrolled cutting of roads, deforestation, uncontrolled cutting of hills etc. In the Himalayan area on an average 60,000 cubic meter soil is removed in construction 1 km long road. So far 50,000 kilometers of road has so far been constructed in the Himalayan region. This soil accumulation is also a cause of floods.

Flood regions in India:

Floods are a regular featured in India. The vast plains and coastal areas suffer from the devastation of floods. Floods are a regular annual feature in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in the North-east India. The consequences of this are suffered by both, the human and cattle population.

Effects of floods:
Floods affect the life of human beings in the following manner:

1. Physical harm:
The flood waters harm the buildings, some buildings are razed to the ground. There is danger to the lives and property-. Landslides also occur due to heavy down pour of rains and flowing water.

2. Deaths and public health:
People and cattle drown/die in the flood waters. Epidemic, diarrhoea, bacterial, infections, malaria, etc. spread.

3. Hindrance in water supply:
The water sources get contaminated and there is problem in supply of potable water.

4. Crops and food supply:
The fields (crops) are inundated and the grain godowns are also harmed and damage is caused to food grains.

5. Change in the soil structure:
The soil is also affected and due to sea water there is a danger of soil becoming salty.

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